gas sampling system Articles

  • Learn How to Implement a More Effective Emissions Monitoring Strategy with Our Application Note, “The Art of Emissions Monitoring and Sampling: Maintaining Gas Integrity”

    Over the past 15 years, all of us here at E Instruments have used our expertise to design, manufacture, and distribute quality emissions monitoring equipment, air quality monitors, and many other products to clients all over the world. Aside from creating many high-quality and reliable instrumentation solutions, something else we've always ...

  • Two Detector Solution to Analyzing Sulfur

    Sulfur compounds are reactive, corrosive to pipes, and destructive to catalysts in petroleum refineries. Sulfur emission are strictly regulated globally. When released into the atmosphere sulfur dioxide converts to sulfuric acid resulting in adverse effects on human health and the environment. Sulfur detection is found useful in many other industries; therefore, detection of sulfur compounds in ...


    By Restek Corporation

  • Area Monitoring: Diffusion Sampling

    Indoor and outdoor gas hazards that exist in open areas are usually monitored using diffusion-type sensors. A diffusion sensor has no active sample-drawing system; diffusion sensors rely on the ambient air movement and pressure to deliver the sample to the sensing element. Diffusion-type sensors are a reliable and cost-effective way to monitor open area gas hazards. When installing diffusion ...

  • Biodegradation Tests for Wastewater Samples

    Biodegradation Tests for Wastewater Samples Biodegradation tests usually involve comparison of the oxygen uptake of a test sample – or gas production for anoxic or anaerobic tests – to that for a readily biodegradable control substrate (usually acetic acid, ethanol, or aniline). While biodegradation characteristics can vary among chemical types and wastewater sources, typical patterns are shown ...


    By Challenge Technology

  • Soil CO2 Flux Measurements -- Using the LI-8100 System to Collect Air Samples for Estimating Soil Trace Gas Flux

    Air samples can be collected from the same air stream used to measure soil CO2 flux with the LI-8100 Automated Soil CO2 Flux System, for estimating the flux of trace gas, such as methane (CH4), ammonia (NH3), nitrous oxide (N2O), isotopic species, etc. This application note describes a simple method for obtaining air samples from the LI- ...


    By LI-COR

  • Sample System Best Practices for Water and Hydrocarbon DP Applications

    Abstract Sampling techniques for BTU and moisture measurements are well understood but applications beyond the routine requires additional attention to detail. Two such applications are the subject of this paper. The first is the measurement of low level moisture (1 – 1,000 ppbv) for cryogenic processes. Measuring moisture below 1 ppm is an entirely different world from the traditional ...

  • Isolate & sample up to 7 zones in one borehole

    CMT Multilevel Systems isolate and monitor up to seven discrete zones in one borehole; monitor 7 zones in the 1.7" (43 mm) System; 3 in the narrow 1.1" (28 mm) System. Both options are low cost. The single tube design makes them fast and easy to drill and install in one day. System flexibility allows port locations and monitoring strategy to be finalized right on site. CMT wells are ideal for ...


    By Solinst Canada Ltd.

  • Canopy gas exchange measurements of cotton in an open system

    A portable, open transparent chamber system for measuring canopy gas exchanges was developed and tested. Differentials between incoming and outgoing atmospheric H2O and CO2 concentrations were used to calculate canopy transpiration (E) and net assimilation (A) at 10-s intervals using solenoid valve actuated sample lines connected to an infrared gas analyzer. A programmable data logger controlled ...

  • The 10 Key Factors in Selecting a Stack Sampling Firm

    Summary: This document is a summary of the key factors that you should take into consideration when hiring a stack testing firm.This has been prepared in conjunction with the ASTM criteria for standard practice of testing companies.The ASTM criteria has been supplemented, based on 125 years of direct testing experience, which is the combined years of experience of the individuals that contributed ...

  • The Characterization of Tentatively Identified Compounds (TICs) in Water Samples Collected from Public Water Systems in New Jersey

    Abstract This is a summary report of a detailed investigation in which the analysis of synthetic organic chemicals by Gas Chromatography (GC) and Liquid Chromatography (LC) was conducted on raw and finished water samples collected from public water supplies using ground water as a source of drinking water. All water systems sampled are known to be contaminated by volatile organic chemicals ...


  • Leader in sample preparation systems benefits from Axetris MFCs’ high dynamic range - Case Study

    Split ratio flexibility of GC injector increased 30-fold A leading manufacturer of analytical sample preparation systems in gas chromatography (GC) switched to Axetris MFCs - and in doing so, simplified their product range, while offering their customers at least 30 times more flexibility in split ratio. The market-leading dynamic range of Axetris mass flow controllers (MFCs)—with ...


    By Axetris Ag

  • GC Analysis of Crude Oil Samples in Compliance with ASTM D5307

    In the ASTM D5307 test method, crude oil containing components with boiling points to temperatures in excess of 538C (C44 or equivalent) are analyzed by a simulated distillation GC system by the internal standard method. A detailed boiling point distribution graph is created for the fraction with boiling points lower than 538C. The fraction with boiling points above 538C is calculated as ...

  • Gas Analyser Unit

    Gas Analysers are used in several industries, chemical industries in particualr use gas analysers to monitor their gas emission levels, air quality samples are compared to high purity reference gases to analyse and measure the emissions.  A common practice is to “calibrate” the sample air against clean, dry pure reference gases such as H2, He, Ar, or N2. The ...


    By Fike UK

  • Biofuels Gas Monitoring

    The Customer The Company is one of the world’s leading developers and producers of advanced fuels and green chemicals. The Process The Company uses a gasification process that breaks down wood chips, waste and other feedstock using plasma technology. The process produces a uniform synthetic gas (syngas) that is used to power their turbine engines. ...

  • Detection of moisture in ammonia gas

    Problem Statement As technologies advance, so does the request for ultra high purity ammonia. Ultra high purity (UHP) ammonia is used in the semiconductor industries, production of flat panel displays, and a number of other applications. Due to this rising interest in UHP ammonia, manufacturers are having to battle ammonia’s most prominent and damaging impurity--moisture. For ...


    By CIC Photonics, Inc.

  • Development of a novel odor measurement system using gas chromatography

    This paper describes a novel odor measurement system for creating arrays of virtual chemical sensors with nonoverlapping responses using ultrahigh-speed gas chromatography with a surface acoustic wave sensor (GC/SAW). This GC/SAW system provides high-resolution twodimensional olfactory images for easy recognition of many complex odors. Separation and quantification of the individual chemicals ...

  • Gas Safety in Confined Spaces

    Introduction An offshore worker ensures a vessel is safe to enter; a plant manager enters a small plant room; a contractor inspects the lining of a sewage pipe.  All these personnel face common dangers, despite working in widely different industries.  Gas-related injury poses a serious threat in any confined space where the free movement of air is limited. A confined space ...

  • Gas safety in confined spaces

    An engineer repairs buried cables; a plant manager enters a small plant room; a contractor inspects the lining of a sewage pipe.  All these personnel face a common danger, despite working in widely different industries.  Gas-related injury poses a serious threat in any confined space where the free movement of air is limited.  ...

  • Sampling errors in the study of acid gases and anion species in atmospheric aerosols

    Atmospheric acid aerosols were sampled by two annular denuder systems (ADS) and a micro-orifice uniform deposit impactor (MOUDI) at a traffic site in central Taiwan. Theoretical analysis showed that the relative artifact for HNO3 gas sampling was about 0.53 when the initial HNO3 concentration was under 0.2 µg/m³ and should be considered carefully. The ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Sample Handling Strategies for Accurate Lead-In-Soil Measurements in the Field and Laboratory

    ABSTRACT The inhomogenous lead-in-soil matrix can present serious obstacles to accurate sample collection and handling. In typical lead-in-soil measurement, particle size related errors in sampling and sample handling often exceed all other sources of error. The magnitude of error can vary widely depending on the particulate nature of the lead contaminant and the effectiveness of control ...

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