gas sensing Articles

  • Technical and safety practices

    Safety is absolutely paramount in the medical industry, with lives literally at stake if something were o go wrong. Regrettably, this was more than reinforced recently following the tragic news of a death of a newborn at a hospital in Sydney, Australia, after it was mistakenly administered nitrous oxide (N2O) instead of oxygen (O2) in July this ...


    By Geotech

  • 10 Reasons why you should continuously monitor low temperature and liquid chemical sterilants for worker safety

    1. Sterilant chemicals are highly toxic Low temperature and liquid chemical sterilants are designed to kill all microorganisms including resistant spores and if they were not toxic, they would not be effective in sufficiently high concentration to destroy all microbial life including the chemically resistant sporicidal forms of certain ...


    By ChemDAQ, Inc.

  • Biosolids ban struck down

    In 1994, Los Angeles County Sanitation Districts (LACSD) bought a 4,700-acre farm (called Green Acres Farm) in southwest Kern County for the purpose of land applying biosolids from its 11 wastewater treatment plants. LACSD land applied 800 wet tons/day at this site for several years. In 2006, Kern County voters passed Measure E on the ballot with 83 percent approval. This measure banned ...


    By BioCycle Magazine

  • Effect of chemical oxidation on the gas sensing properties of multi-walled carbon nanotubes

    The effect of chemical oxidation on the gas sensing properties of multi-walled carbon nanotubes (MWNT) is presented in this paper. The MWNT were chemically oxidised in a mixture of concentrated sulphuric and nitric acids. The oxidation time was varied from 4 h to 12 h. X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy was used to study the effect on the chemical composition of the nanotube surface. The results ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Doped nano–phase tin oxide thin films for selective gas sensing

    The paper deals with the development of ethanol gas sensing films of tin oxide nano–particles which are insensitive to saturated aliphatic hydrocarbons, such as gasoline vapours. Stannous alkoxide (particularly iso–propoxide) and tin 2–ethyl hexanoate in solution have been used for fabrication of tin oxide films on alumina substrates with two pre–fabricated gold electrodes. For achieving ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Growth and gas-sensing studies of metal oxide semiconductor nanostructures

    One-dimensional (1D) nanostructures of semiconductor oxides are of interest for various applications including gas sensors. For gas sensors, nanostructures have advantages of improved gas-sensing characteristics and have potential in fabrication of miniature sensor. In this paper, we review some of the work done in our laboratory towards growth of nanostructures of SnO2, ZnO and CuO and ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Chemical sensing with nanowires using electrical and optical detection

    Chemical nanosensors based on inorganic nanowires hold promise for the extremely sensitive, direct detection of pollutants, toxins and biomolecules on platforms small enough to be integrated on optoelectronic chips or even deployed in living organisms. This paper discusses two approaches to nanowire-based chemical and biological detection. First we review the development of electrically-driven ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Why instrument hire makes occupational safety sense

    Background Decisions concerning the acquisition of occupational safety monitoring instrumentation are often made by operational staff that may not have visibility of the full financial implications of their choices. The following article will examine the factors affecting these decisions and explain why a strategic decision to hire instrumentation can deliver substantial and wide-ranging ...


    By Ashtead Technology Ltd

  • Study of defect behaviour in Ga2O3 nanowires and nano-ribbons under reducing gas annealing conditions: applications to sensing

    The growth of monoclinic Ga2O3 nanowires, nano-ribbons and nano-sheets has been investigated. Results indicate that high quality single crystal nanowires can be grown at 900?C using an Au catalyst, while single crystal nano-ribbons and nano-sheets require no metal catalyst for growth. Since bulk Ga2O3 is a promising material for high temperature gas sensing, Ga2O3 nanowires and nano-ribbons may ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • The importance of background in the Detection and Identification of Gas Plumes using Emissive Infrared Hyperspectral Sensing

    Abstract Using a Fourier transform infrared field spectrometer, spectral infrared radiance measurements were made of several generated gas plumes against both a uniform sky and terrestrial background. Background temperature, spectral complexity, and physical homogeneity each influenced the success of emissive infrared spectral sensing technology in detecting and identifying the presence of a ...


    By D&P Instruments

  • Portable Remotely Operated Drill (PROD): Hydrocarbon Sensing System

    Proven Technology Benthic’s prototype Hydrocarbon Sensing System (HSS) analyses drill returns for the presence of hydrocarbons as they pass through PROD before being vented on the seafloor. The System, in its present form, includes two hydrocarbon sensors in line with the drill returns path. Drill returns, composed of seawater drawn from above PROD and pumped down the drill ...


    By Franatech GmbH

  • Industry Takes Shape: Why Digesters Make Dollar Sense Now

     THIRTY years ago, when I was a college student studying ways to convert manure to electricity, we speculated that the 1970s would be the decade of the innovators, the 1980s for the launch of operating projects, and the 1990s when the mainstream adopted the technology. Now I think our predictions for the mainstream were ten to 15 years premature — but it is happening! During the 1990s, the ...


    By BioCycle Magazine

  • Hydrogen ion sensing characteristics of IGZO/Si electrode in EGFET

    In–Ga–Zn–O (IGZO) was widely applied in the substrate of TFT to replace α–Si in recent years. In this study, IGZO layer with thickness of 70 nm is firstly proposed as a pH–sensing membrane directly deposited on P–type Si substrate acting as an extended gate of conventional extended–gate field–effect transistor (EGFET). Post–deposition rapid thermal anneal (RTA) was performed to improve pH sensing ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • The New Environmental Insurance Products: When Does it Make Sense to Buy Them?

     Part One Introduction Real estate transactions with environmental problems often founder on attempts to shift the liabilities from one party to the other. In transactions with other types of problems, insurance is a popular risk transfer mechanism,  and is regularly used for that purpose, but it is used far less often when there are environmental risks. This so-called ...

  • Spectroscopic tools for remote sensing of greenhouse gases CH 4, CF 4 and SF 6

    Abstract Highly symmetrical molecules such as CH 4, CF 4 or SF 6 are known to be atmospheric pollutants and greenhouse gases. High-resolution spectroscopy in the infrared is particularly suitable for the monitoring of gas concentration and radiative transfers in the earth's atmosphere. This technique requires extensive theoretical studies for the modeling of the spectra of such molecules ...


    By Springer

  • Remote sensing of particulate pollution from space: Have we reached the promised land?

    This paper follows presentation and publication of the Hoff and Christopher 2009 Critical Review and represents an integration of discussants’ views of their paper. The discussants’ comments are organized beginning with a note on the history of satellite sensing, followed with a brief discussion of the strengths and weaknesses of satellite observations relative to air quality management needs. ...

  • Development of Ti-doped iron-polyoxocarbosilane nanocomposite with sensing properties by single-step laser pyrolysis

    Nanoscale metal-polymer nanocomposites present new and often superior physical-chemical properties. In this paper, results concerning the preparation of Ti-doped Fe/Fe2O3/polyoxocarbosilane nanocomposites are reported. Nanocomposite powders with different polymer content were prepared by the single-step infrared laser pyrolysis of a gas mixture containing iron pentacarbonyl, hexamethyldisiloxane ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • AA–CVD growth and ethanol sensing properties of pure and metal decorated WO
    3
    nanoneedles

    This paper reports the co–deposition, in a single step, of metal nanoparticles and tungsten oxide nanoneedles by aerosol–assisted chemical vapour deposition. The method leads to the growth of WO3 nanoneedles decorated with copper, gold or platinum metal nanoparticles, respectively. Scanning electron microscopy, transmission electron microscopy and energy–dispersive X–ray ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • A comparative study on the NH
    3
    gas-sensing properties of ZnO, SnO
    2
    , and WO
    3
    nanowire

    In this work, a large quantity of ZnO, SnO2 and WO3 nanowires (NWs) was successfully synthesised by simple and efficient methods. Their morphology and microstructure were characterised by FE-SEM, TEM, XRD, PL, and Raman. The NH3 gas-sensing ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • TDLAS Gas Detection Instrumentation

    PKL Technologies Inc. manufactures tunable diode laser (TDLAS) based gas detectors and monitors. Spectra-1 open path gas sensors are used in a variety of environmental and safety remote sensing applications. Spectra-1 gas sensors have been designed in a compact, easy to use, robust and portable format. Spectra-1 has been developed using proprietary hardware and software, to produce a low cost ...


    By PKL Technologies Inc.

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