gas sensor Articles

  • Electrochemical Sensors for Specific Gas PPM Monitoring

    Echem sensors are able to read a specific gas even when it is mixed in a background of other gases. Echem sensors are typically used to read very low PPM concentrations of toxic gases. The Echem sensor consists of a small cell holding an electrolytic solution. This solution needs a specific gas in order to produce an electrical signal. When the specific gas passes through a permeable membrane and ...

  • Upgrading from Pellistor Gas Sensors to Infrared Technology

    In this article Andy Avenell, Crowcon’s Fixed Systems Product Manager, considers the shift towards infrared (IR) gas sensor technology in the oil and gas industry. Abstract Flammable gases and vapours can present considerable dangers in many industrial applications, none more so than the processes involved in extracting, transporting and processing oil and gas. Fast and reliable ...

  • Safety Systems Depend on Reliable Field Sensors (Emphasis on Fire and Gas Detectors)

    Abstract Because not all hazards are the same, identifying and quantifying the hazard is the starting point in choosing sensing technology. Not all detectors are the same, and they should be selected according to their ability to detect the hazard. This paper gives a broad summary of technologies that provide users reliable responses to hazardous conditions, that minimise false ...

  • Application of nanocrystalline metal oxide gas sensors for air quality monitoring

    Increasing concern regarding health effects caused by air pollution, together with the limited spatial resolution achievable with conventional monitoring stations, have driven efforts to develop inexpensive metal oxide gas sensors for air quality measurements. The sensing mechanism is dependent on physicochemical reactions between adsorbed gas molecules and oxygen species on the oxide surface, ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • PureAire Combines Oxygen and CO2 Sensors to provide a Dual Gas Monitor to the Marketplace

    As a recognized leader in O2 safety monitoring, PureAire recently explored the need for an O2 monitor where carbon dioxide is used. There are four key cryogenic gases; nitrogen, helium, argon, and carbon dioxide (CO2), which can create an oxygen deficient atmosphere. Material Safety Data Sheets (MSDS) covering cryogenic gases cite that a cryogenic leak can create an unsafe ...

  • Typical Sensor Location Considerations

    The sensor mounting location within a space may be dependent on many variables. There are no specific formulas since each application will have it’s own determining factors and priorities. These include, but are not limited to: source of gas: Is the source a combustion exhaust from a vehicle or furnace or a vapour from a tank spill, pipe leak, or faulty valve? density of ...


    By Arjay Engineering Ltd.

  • Subminiature Photoionization VOC Sensor

    Untitled Document 1. Objective Monitoring of Volatile Organic Compounds (VOCs) is required for a number of gas analysis applications, such as: ...


    By MOCON, Inc. - Baseline

  • Environmental Sensors in Waste Management

    Issue: As part of an increasing sentiment among European consumers that environmental protection is important, concern about the impact of landfill is growing. Sensor technology makes it possible to measure and control inputs to landfill sites and pollutants arising from them. However, the exploitation - or uptake - of such technology has been lower than expected in the waste management sector. ...


  • Some recent trends in the fabrication, functionalisation and characterisation of metal oxide nanowire gas sensors

    Due to strong interdependence of the electron transport and surface processes in quasi 1-D metal oxide nanostructures, chemiresistors and field effect transistors (FETs) based on nanowires perform excellently as sensing elements and may be able to compete with traditional thin film sensors in the field of solid state sensorics. Namely, applications requiring a stable, reproducible sensing element ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • A Comparison of Point Sensors and Open Path Monitors For Toxic Gas (esp. HF) Monitoring

    Point Sensors Ion Mobility Spectroscope (IMS) – a gas sample is ionized by a radioactive source (Ni63). Differences in ion drift under the influence of an applied electric field produce a spectrum that is dependent on the mass, charge, and shape of the component ions. The detector signal and strength is tuned to the drift time of the ion of interest (in this case HF) and signal strength is ...


    By Boreal Laser Inc.

  • Nanomaterial resistive sensors: noise, power, and circuit interfaces

    Nanoscale materials such as carbon nanotubes and silicon nanowires offer the exciting prospect of enabling low cost, low power, highly sensitive detectors for a wide variety of chemical and biological materials. The potential of these materials in sensing applications has been demonstrated by researchers around the world. However, several challenges remain to transition this technology from ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Towards practicable sensors using one-dimensional nanostructures

    Nanomaterials, including nanoparticles, nanowires, nanotubes etc., are the object of much well deserving attention by researchers and the public alike. Because of their novel properties associated with their typically large surface to volume ratios and finite- or quantum-size effects, they offer an avenue of exploration for new and interesting physics, chemistry, biology and materials science. ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Gas Detection and Monitoring Systems

    In greenhouse applications, the accurate measurement of a number of environmental parameters such as carbon dioxide concentration, temperature, light intensity, water, humidity, pH and nutrient levels using sophisticated sensors is used to create a controlled environment for optimising plant growth rates while minimising energy usage. Carbon dioxide concentration is also one of the best ...


    By Edinburgh Instruments Ltd

  • Gas safety in confined spaces

    An engineer repairs buried cables; a plant manager enters a small plant room; a contractor inspects the lining of a sewage pipe.  All these personnel face a common danger, despite working in widely different industries.  Gas-related injury poses a serious threat in any confined space where the free movement of air is limited.  ...

  • TDLAS Gas Detection Instrumentation

    PKL Technologies Inc. manufactures tunable diode laser (TDLAS) based gas detectors and monitors. Spectra-1 open path gas sensors are used in a variety of environmental and safety remote sensing applications. Spectra-1 gas sensors have been designed in a compact, easy to use, robust and portable format. Spectra-1 has been developed using proprietary hardware and software, to produce a low cost ...


    By PKL Technologies Inc.

  • Detection of moisture in ammonia gas

    Problem Statement As technologies advance, so does the request for ultra high purity ammonia. Ultra high purity (UHP) ammonia is used in the semiconductor industries, production of flat panel displays, and a number of other applications. Due to this rising interest in UHP ammonia, manufacturers are having to battle ammonia’s most prominent and damaging impurity--moisture. For ...


    By CIC Photonics, Inc.

  • Gas Safety in Confined Spaces

    Introduction An offshore worker ensures a vessel is safe to enter; a plant manager enters a small plant room; a contractor inspects the lining of a sewage pipe.  All these personnel face common dangers, despite working in widely different industries.  Gas-related injury poses a serious threat in any confined space where the free movement of air is limited. A confined space ...

  • Gas Safety in Confined Spaces

    Introduction A confined space is any space large enough for someone to enter and perform assigned work, which has limited means of entry or exit, and which is not designed for continuous worker occupancy. This covers just about every industry, including utilities, construction, hydrocarbon exploration and processing, petrochemicals, marine, agriculture, food processing and brewing, as ...

  • Gas safety in confined spaces

    A confined space is any space large enough for someone to enter and perform assigned work, which has limited means of entry or exit, and which is not designed for continuous worker occupancy. This covers just about every industry, including utilities, construction, hydrocarbon exploration and processing, petrochemicals, marine, agriculture, food processing and ...

  • Role of the active layer thickness on the sensitivity of WO
    3
    gas sensors

    Sensitive materials in gas sensors are often polycrystalline semiconducting oxides such as WO3, SnO2, CuO or ZnO. They are most often composed of nanometric grains. They can be deposited either as thin or thick films. The film thickness plays an important role in the response stability and sensitivity of ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

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