gc-ms column Articles

  • GC-MS Analysis of Polychlorinated Dibenzodioxins and Polychlorinated Dibenzofurans

    Polychlorinated dibenzodioxins (PCDDs) and polychlorinated dibenzofurans (PCDFs) consist of 210 different compounds with varying degrees of toxicity, and the 17 congeners with chlorine substitution in the 2,3,7,8 positions are considered the most toxic. This chromatogram illustrates the separation of a 17 component 2,3,7,8-substituted PCDD and PCDF standard on a 30 m x 0.25 mm I.D. x 0.25 μm ...


    By Sigma-Aldrich Co., LLC

  • Target GC-MS Analysis using Accelerated Column Heating and Interactive Deconvolution Software

    In diverse fields ranging from environmental samples to complex fl avor preparations, high performance, high resolution capillary gas chromatography/mass spectrometry, GC-MS, has become the preferred technique for identifying and quantifying target compounds at trace levels. Many of these samples are characterized by very complex matrices, which provide a substantial challenge for contemporary ...


  • US EPA Method 525.2 Semivolatiles by GC-MS on the Supelco SLB™-5ms

    US EPA Method 525.2 describes the procedure for the extraction and analysis of semivolatile organic compounds from drinking and source water. The compound list includes polynuclear aromatics, phthalates, pesticides, and polychlorinated biphenyls.  This application illustrates the separation of a majority of the single peak analytes listed in this method, using a SLB-5ms, 30 m x 0.25 mm I.D., ...


    By Sigma-Aldrich Co., LLC

  • Enhanced separation of hop oils by flow-modulated GC×GC–TOF MS with Tandem Ionisation

    Beer contains hundreds of organic ingredients, with concentrations spanning many orders of magnitude, and including monoterpenes (C10) and sesquiterpenes (C15). These are aroma-active hydrocarbons found in the essential oils of various plants, including hops, and provide much of the characteristic ‘bitterness’ of the finished beer. Of the greatest importance for beer is the ...


    By SepSolve Analytical

  • Comprehensive analysis of tobacco smoke using TD–GC×GC–TOF MS with Tandem Ionisation

    The hazardous constituents of cigarette smoke have attracted considerable attention lately, especially with increasing regulation around the world limiting or banning smoking in public places – and even in private cars if children are present. From an analytical perspective, however, there is much that remains to be learnt about the composition of cigarette smoke, because of its high degree ...


    By SepSolve Analytical

  • Two Detector Solution to Analyzing Sulfur

    Sulfur compounds are reactive, corrosive to pipes, and destructive to catalysts in petroleum refineries. Sulfur emission are strictly regulated globally. When released into the atmosphere sulfur dioxide converts to sulfuric acid resulting in adverse effects on human health and the environment. Sulfur detection is found useful in many other industries; therefore, detection of sulfur compounds in ...


    By Restek Corporation

  • The productive environmental laboratory: BSK Labs boosts efficiency with Metrohm IC

    BSK Labs runs a number of environmental laboratories and service centers along the west coast of the US. A total of 70 employees – including microbiologists, chemists, lab technicians, and support staff – make sure that the 200 to 350 samples that come in every week are analyzed. BSK Labs specializes in potable water chemistry, ground water monitoring, storm water runoff, solid waste ...


    By Metrohm AG

  • Capillary GC Columns for Analysis of BTEX Hydrocarbons

    A number of different stationary phases have been used for analyzing benzene, toluene, ethylbenzene, and xylene hydrocarbons (the BTEX) compounds). Capillary columns based on a nonpolar shape-selective phase, a chiral stationary phase, and a polyalkylene glycol phase, and support coated open tubular columns (SCOT), exhibit differing abilities to resolve these compounds. A Bentone ...


    By Sigma-Aldrich Co., LLC

  • Webinar Highlights: Microfluidics for macromolecules

    Hi, I’m Jim Murphy, Principal Consulting Chemist at Waters, and I recently collaborated with Lucinda (Cohen) Hittle to present an exciting webinar on the use of microflow chromatography for macromolecules.  Lucinda, a Director of Discovery Bioanalytics at Merck, presented an overview of the use of LC-MS for peptide analysis along with various case studies for in vitro and in vivo ...


    By Waters Corporation

  • Analysis of Organophosphorus and Organonitrogen herbicides in water using GC/MS with selected ion recording

    Laboratories monitoring trace level pesticides and herbicides by gas chromatography/mass spectrometry (GC/MS) frequently utilize Selected Ion Recording (SIR) techniques to maximize analytical sensitivity for quantification. With analytical standards, precision is limited to a large extent only by the autosampler and other instrumental effects. However, real-world samples pose a greater challenge. ...


    By PerkinElmer, Inc.

  • Fast GC-MS Analysis of US EPA Method 8270D Semivolatiles Using Supelco SLB-5ms

    US EPA Method 8270D specifies a procedure for the determination of semivolatiles in solid waste and ground water samples. The method specifies that all analyses must be completed within 12 hours of meeting specific MS tune criteria. In this application, the principles of fast GC were applied to analyze a typical 8270 analyte list in under 8.5 minutes. This was achieved by using a 20 m x 0.18 ...


    By Sigma-Aldrich Co., LLC

  • Low Level Determination of Polynuclear Aromatic Hydrocarbons in Environmental Samples, Using GC/MS

    Low level analysis of PAHs is required to attain various clean-up limits for environmental regulations. The ability to maximize GC/MS instrument conditions to meet lower reporting levels results in a more efficient and reliable determination of these analytes. The following analysis provides the necessary sensitivity and selectivity. The procedure requires that the parameters for GC as well as MS ...


    By Sigma-Aldrich Co., LLC

  • Fast analysis of semi-volatile organic compounds using PTV-GC–TOF MS

    The evaluation of semi-volatile organic compounds (SVOCs) in environmental matrices poses many challenges for the analyst, not least the vast number that may be encountered in any given analysis. In addition, analyte reactivity and the potential for multiple analytes to co-elute makes achieving the required method detection limits (LODs or MDLs) quickly and cost-effectively a formidable task ...


    By SepSolve Analytical

  • Validation of USEPA Method 524.2 Using a Stratum PTC, AQUATek 100 Autosampler, and Perkin-Elmer Clarus 600 GC/MS

    The US EPA developed Method 524.2¹, “Measurement of Purgeable Organic Compounds in Water by Capillary Column Gas Chromatography/Mass Spectrometry”, for identifying and measuring purgeable volatile organic compounds (VOC) in surface water, groundwater, and drinking water. Due to the required sensitivity of this method, the use of purge and trap gas chromatography is vital. This ...


    By Teledyne Tekmar

  • Determination of VOCs in water using static headspace GC/MS with simultaneous full scan and selective ion recording

    The combination of static headspace sample introduction and gas chromatography/mass spectrometry (HS/GC/MS) provides the analyst with a powerful, fully automated technique for the determination of trace volatile organic compounds (VOCs) in water. Samples may be hermetically sealed in the headspace vial at the point of sampling. This approach avoids errors due to glassware cross-contamination and ...


    By PerkinElmer, Inc.

  • GC-MS Analysis of Volatile Organic Compounds in Wastewater According to US EPA Method 624

    Environmental contamination has been at the forefront of government policy and regulation since the US EPA was established in 1970. Over the years the US EPA has developed, published, and updated multiple methods for analysis of environmental pollutants, and single-quadrupole gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GCMS) has long been the technique of choice for determination of volatile organic ...

  • U.S. EPA volatile organics method 524.2 using PURGE and TRAP GC/MS

    Clean drinking water is of worldwide interest. Contaminants can compromise the quality of a water supply and cause short- and long-term health effects. Stringent water quality criteria help to ensure safe drinking water by requiring the detection and quantification of a wide variety of contaminants at extremely low levels. U.S. EPA Method 524.2 (1) provides the guidance necessary for identifying ...


    By PerkinElmer, Inc.

  • 2.1 mm ID micro carbamates column ideal for LC-MS confirmation

    Post-column derivatization of carbamates with hydroxide and OPA is the method of choice for the detection of carbamates because of its high selectivity and high sensitivity (US EPA 531.1 & AOAC 985.23).  To confirm the finding of carbamates in the tested samples, there are various possibilitites: To confirm the finding of carbamates in the tested samples, there are various ...


    By Pickering Laboratories, Inc.

  • Environmental Applications Performed Using Equity Capillary GC columns

    Various Environmental Applications performed on the Supelco® Equity line of capillary GC columns; specifically the 100% poly(dimethylsiloxane) and poly(5% diphenyl.95% dimethylpolysiloxane) phases.  Applications include the following; USEPA Method 8270 for semivolatile compounds; USEPA Method 8081 for chlorinated pesticides; USEPA Method 8082 for polychlorinated biphenyls; diesel fuel; ...


    By Sigma-Aldrich Co., LLC

  • Analyze Trace Amounts of Solvents in Water Using Packed Column GC

    Glass or stainless steel columns containing 80/120 Carbopack B/3% SP-1500 packing can be used to analyze water-based samples for ppm to low percentage levels of many organic compounds. This bulletin describes minimum detection limits and maximum capacity of these columns, adsorption and memory effects, and other factors that affect component quantitation. Problems are defined that might arise ...


    By Sigma-Aldrich Co., LLC

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