geophysical system Articles

  • Arctic Polar Research - A Global Responsibility

    Due to climate change and geopolitical trends, the Polar Regions (particularly the Arctic) are increasingly becoming the focus of scientific, political, and economic interests. Much of the global climate is driven by forces that originate in the Arctic. The Arctic sea ice is receding faster than climate models have predicted, and the movement of freshwater into and around the Arctic plays an ...

  • Application of high-resolution geophysical methods in submarine pipeline inspection

    High-resolution marine geophysical equipment employed includes single beam echo sounder (SBES), multi-beam echo sounder (MBES), sub-bottom profiler (SBP) and side scan sonar (SSS). By employing SBES, the reflection curve in shallow water reveals the real condition of pipeline; while in deep water, the reflection or diffraction curve can't reveal the real condition. Compared with SBES, MBES is ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Coupled ADCPs can yield complete Reynolds stress tensor profiles in geophysical surface flows

    We introduce a new technique to measure profiles of each term in the Reynolds stress tensor using coupled acoustic Doppler current profilers (ADCPs). The technique is based on the variance method which is extended to the case with eight acoustic beams. Methods to analyze turbulence from a single ADCP rely on questionable assumptions on turbulence anisotropy ratios and on the requirement of ...


    By Teledyne RD Instruments

  • Multilevel Systems

    Untitled Document Introduction A multilevel system is a groundwater monitoring device which allows ...


    By Solinst Canada Ltd.

  • The Influence of an Integrated Remedial System on Groundwater Hydrology

    ABSTRACT This paper summarizes the development of a remedial system designed to hydraulically contain and ultimately reduce a plume consisting of primarily 1,1,2,2-tetrachloroethane (1,1,2,2-TeCA). The system consists of groundwater circulating wells or extraction wells located in the core of the 1,1,2,2-TeCA plume to provide active source control, combined with monitored natural attenuation ...


    By Weston Solutions, Inc

  • Community modeling systems: classification and relevance to hydrologic modeling

    Numerical modeling in the water sciences has been shifting from developing single or specific purpose-oriented tightly intertwined model applications to integrated model systems addressing more complex and interlinked geo-physical, -chemical and -biological processes across all strata of the critical zone geo-volume. This is a response to a number of important issues that span from preservation ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Arctic coastal zones at risk, workshop 01-03 October 2007, Polar Environmental Centre, Tromsø

    The main focus of the workshop will be the response of Arctic geophysical and ecosystem features to effects of Global Warming i.e., the decreasing sea ice cover, the destabilisation of permafrost systems and increased exposure of the coast to storms. Embedded in this context will be the important issue of reactions of human societies to these Arctic ...

  • Residential sinkhole investigation csae study

    Hernando County, Florida Geophysical techniques are commonly used as part of geotechnical investigations for sinkhole claims of residential structures. GeoView, Inc. has performed thousands geophysical surveys for residential sinkhole investigations throughout Florida, Tennessee and Georgia. The investigations involve performing ground penetrating radar (GPR) and/or electrical ...


    By GeoView, Inc.

  • Underground storage tanks case study

    MacDill Air Force Base A Phase II environmental site assessment was conducted at a military base in the southeastern United States. As part of the ESA, GeoView was contracted to perform the geophysical site assessment. The purpose of the geophysical investigation was to determine the presence and location of any underground storage tanks that may be buried within the boundaries of the ...


    By GeoView, Inc.

  • Combined interpretation of radar, hydraulic, and tracer data from a fractured-rock aquifer near Mirror Lake, New Hampshire, USA

    An integrated interpretation of field experimental cross-hole radar, tracer, and hydraulic data demonstrates the value of combining time-lapse geophysical monitoring with conventional hydrologic measurements for improved characterization of a fractured-rock aquifer. Time-lapse difference-attenuation radar tomography was conducted during saline tracer experiments at the US Geological Survey ...


    By Springer

  • A novel approach for providing potable water in rural Sodwana Bay, northern Kwazulu-Natal, South Africa

    Many people living in the Sodwana area of South Africa do not have access to potable water. Groundwater is the best source of fresh water for the rural community. Potable water in the Zululand coastal plain, Sodwana, South Africa can be enhanced by: (i) providing detailed information on the aquifer system using geophysics; (ii) providing information on groundwater quality and its efficient ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • MT & Gravity Survey in Delvina, Albania - Case Study

    MT & Gravity Survey In November 2012, SeismoTech s.ltd. was awarded a Gravity and Magnetotelluric survey in the Delvina Area (SW Albania), by Stream Oil & Gas Ltd. The scope of this project was to enrich with additional geophysical information the Delvina Gas field area, in order to conclude on optimum locations for well-drilling. The Delvina Gravity and ...


    By SeismoTech Ltd

  • Buried debris case study

    Saufley Field, Escambia County, Florida GeoView was tasked with performing a geophysical investigation at a military base in the southeastern United States. The purpose of the investigation was to locate a reported debris burial pit. The burial pit was reported to be 60 feet (ft) in length and up to 10 ft deep. Historical records indicated that the pit  contained buried drums and ...


    By GeoView, Inc.

  • Geo Drilling International: Hands-On

    Boart Longyear has launched a core-orientation system made for drillers, by drillers Although critical for mapping exploration and minesite development, core orientation is part of the drilling process that has experienced only incremental product improvements through small changes to the process and equipment. Boart Longyear has now introduced TruCore, a first-inindustry integrated ...


    By Boart Longyear Inc.

  • Non-intrusive site investigation (UXO, CWM concerns)

    BEACON personnel used global positioning system (GPS) equipment to map out site locations. The soil-gas data clearly identified source areas of Trichloroethene (TCE) as well as other compounds of concern. The results showed the location of chlorinated contamination, which correlated well with data from a geophysical survey. While the flux chambers were in the field, more than nine inches of rain ...

  • Cole-Cole Inversion of Telluric Cancelled IP Data

    SUMMARY: Induced Polarisation, like all geophysical methods, suffers from the presence of noise. Of the many sources of noise, tellurics can often be one of the most problematic to remove. An effective method of removing telluric noise has been trialed on dipole-dipole data acquired by MIM Exploration’s proprietary MIMDAS system, during routine surveying in NE South Australia. ...

  • Groundwater resource exploration

    Resistivity method is very suitable for groundwater exploration. Two methods can be used, the surface method and crosshole method. Surface method is cost effective, though it is sometime not as accurate as the crosshole method. Geologists usually narrow down the exploration area and then operators can use geophysical methods to find groundwater.  Surface method involves laying two cables on ...

  • Mapping sediment thickness case study

    Polk County, Florida Bathymetric and sub-bottom surveys were conducted within a clay settling pond at a Phosphate mine in Central Florida. Prior to the geophysical survey, a depression or slump had formed along the northern dam of the pond. The purpose of the study was to map various sediment layers within the pond to help determine if the depressions or slumps were related to sinkhole ...


    By GeoView, Inc.

  • Sinkhole investigation case study

    Proposed Landfill Site - Sumter County, Florida A geophysical site characterization study was performed by GeoView to assist in the placement of a planned Class 2 Landfill in Florida. The survey area was approximately 160 acres. GeoView performed a ground penetrating radar (GPR) study map the lateral boundaries and determine apparent severity of karst (sinkhole) features. Electrical ...


    By GeoView, Inc.

  • A GIS-based methodology to delineate aquifer recharge areas

    A GIS-based methodology to delineate risk areas for contamination of groundwater resources is presented by identifying recharge conditions to the aquifer. Identifying the recharge areas is based upon surface and subsurface geologic conditions that may control the risk of potential oil spill contaminants into the aquifer. This study uses the Chicot aquifer system in southwest Louisiana as a pilot ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

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