global solar radiation Articles

  • Estimation of monthly average solar radiation in Libya

    In order to estimate the monthly average global radiation, regression equations for eleven stations in Libya are fitted, using monthly average hours of sunshine duration as predictors. Since only eight years of monthly average global radiation are available for each station, a reliable model for estimating solar radiation for each single month could not be obtained. The monthly data were merged ...


    By Springer

  • Relating geo–meteorological parameters to global solar radiation for Egypt by Iranna–Bapat's estimation models

    Estimation of solar radiation is considered as the most important parameter for the design and development of various solar energy systems. But, the availability of the required data is very scarce and often not readily accessible. The foremost objective of the present study was to estimate the monthly average global solar radiation (GSR) at various locations for Egypt, by the generalised ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Statistical analysis and inter-comparison of the solar UVB, UVA and global radiation for Beer Sheva and Neve Zohar (Dead Sea), Israel

    A statistical analysis and inter-comparison of the solar UVB, UVA and global radiation for Beer Sheva and Neve Zohar (Dead Sea) are presented utilizing data measured from January 1995 through December 2002. Beer Sheva is located approximately 65km to the west of and 700m above Neve Zohar. The monthly average hourly and daily values for all radiation types at both sites are reported. The standard ...


    By Springer

  • Non-Ionising Radiation

    Pressures on the environment may occur through chemical, physical and biological agents. The subject of this study is physical agents, where physical fields are examined. Physical fields are part of the natural environment. Depending upon their properties and the surrounding conditions, physical fields are transmitted through the spaces in which we live, potentially affecting human health and ...

  • Solar radiation estimated from measured air temperature: a review and proposed a new model

    Estimation of solar radiation from measured air temperature offers an important alternative in the absence of measured solar radiation because of the wide availability of air temperature data. Solar radiation is considered as the most important parameter in meteorology, solar conversion, and renewable energy applications. Many correlation models have been developed to estimate daily solar ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Correlation model of hourly diffuse solar radiation based on ASHRAE model: a study case in India

    Measurements of diffuse and global solar radiation carried out from January 2001 to December 2005 at Ahmedabad, Mumbai, Calcutta, Chennai and Pune cities of India, representing varying weather conditions of the entire country, have been used to develop the correlation model for the estimating hourly values of diffuse solar radiation on horizontal surface. The comparisons of the present estimated ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Modelling and prediction of global, direct and diffuse hourly solar irradiance

    In this paper, a model for predicting hourly global, diffuse and direct solar irradiance is described. A dataset of measured air temperature, relative humidity, direct, diffuse and global horizontal irradiance for Madinah site (Saudi Arabia) were used in this study. Several combinations have been proposed, and the best performance is obtained by using sunshine duration, air temperature and ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • A global renewable energy scenario

    The scenario method is used to investigate whether or not an energy supply system entirely based upon renewable energy sources (solar radiation, wind, biomass, environmental heat and hydro) can supply the energy globally required by the mid-21st century. A geographical information system (GIS) is employed to assess the spatial match between supply and demand, and the robustness of the scenario ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Relationships between photosynthetically active radiation and clearness index at Bloemfontein, South Africa

    Relationships between photosynthetically active radiation (PAR) and solar radiation (SR) and between diffuse radiation and global radiation at Bloemfontein, South Africa were investigated. The ratio of PAR to SR (PAR/SR) has been reported from many places in the northern hemisphere, but there were not many PAR/SR measurements documented from the southern hemisphere, including the study region. ...


    By Springer

  • Global aerosols studied by NILU

    Aerosols scatter and absorb solar radiation and thereby influence the radiation in the atmosphere and the global climate. To understand the climate system and the ongoing climate change it is important to know the distribution of aerosols in the atmosphere. Satellites provide an extremely useful tool to study this distribution, especially since it is very inhomogeneous with respect to ...

  • Environmental thermodynamic limitations on global human population

    This paper examines, from a thermodynamic point of view, how many people the Earth can support. The maximum human population allowed by the natural earth ranges from 300 million millions to 1,700 million millions and will not exceed 1,300 million millions if an ambient temperature of 300 K is accepted. A further increase in population number is obtained for macro-engineered earth when heat pumps ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Solar Power 2011 - Solar PV Breaks Records in 2010

    Solar photovoltaic (PV) companies manufactured a record 24,000 megawatts of PV cells worldwide in 2010, more than doubling their 2009 output. Annual PV production has grown nearly 100-fold since 2000, when just 277 megawatts of cells were made.  Newly installed PV also set a record in 2010, as 16,600 megawatts were installed in more than 100 countries.  This brought the total worldwide ...


    By Earth Policy Institute

  • Solar thermal power coming to a boil

    After emerging in 2006 from 15 years of hibernation, the solar thermal power industry experienced a surge in 2007, with 100 megawatts of new capacity coming online worldwide. During the 1990s, cheap fossil fuels, combined with a loss of state and federal incentives, put a damper on solar thermal power development. However, recent increases in energy prices, escalating concerns about global ...


    By Earth Policy Institute

  • Energetic and exergetic assessment of solar and wind potentials in Europe

    This paper deals with a physics–based assessment of renewable energy potential in Europe, particularly solar and wind energy sources, using two literature models. A sensibility analysis with the weather data is first done. Actual temperature, pressure, relative humidity, global radiation and wind speed data are employed to develop energy and exergy maps for Europe, based on iso–areas of land–use. ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Rural electrification by photovoltaic solar energy in Algeria

    The economic and social development in Algeria in the last years has been in need of continues increasing in demand of electricity, especially in the isolated countryside. Solar energy represents a significant potential in Algeria, the country receives more than 3,000 hour of sunshine per year with a high level of radiation. The average of daily solar irradiation is from 5 to 7 kW hour m−2 the ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Selection and economical evaluation of solar desalination technologies via DesalSolar software

    Worldwide projection indicated that in 2020 the situation of water resources in Iran reach to scarcity. Besides, global warming and energy crisis have forced countries to use renewable energy resources. Solar desalination technologies particularly in remote area of Iran could be a method to emancipate from this crisis. In this paper, all kind of desalination technologies were reviewed. Then, ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Potential of hybridisation of the thermochemical hybrid-sulphur cycle for the production of hydrogen by using nuclear and solar energy in the same plant

    The search for a sustainable, CO2-free massive hydrogen production route is a strong need, if one takes into account the world-wide increasing energy demand, the deterioration of fossil fuel reserves and in particular the increasing CO2 concentration leading to global warming. Thermo-chemical cycles for water splitting are considered as a promising alternative of emission-free routes of massive ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Coal and fuel burning effects on the atmosphere as mediated by the atmospheric electric field and galactic cosmic rays flux

    Emissions into the atmosphere of Greenhouse Gases (GHGs) and particulate matter resulting from fossil fuel burning are considered to be the main anthropogenic forcing on the global climate. We show here that the external cyclic influences of cosmic origin that modulate the earth's climate may either reinforce or mitigate the 'local' terrestrial forcings. Among the external influences is cosmic ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Photovoltaic technology of electricity generation for desert camping

    This paper presents a case study on the utilisation of global solar radiation data on horizontal surface to perform an economic feasibility study of using Photovoltaic (PV) panels with battery backup to meet a small load for a camping site in Saudi Arabia. The analysis considers three scenarios with daily average energy demands: (a) full load, (b) 75% load, and (c) half load, with annual peak ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Agriculture minimum temperature

     Agriculture minimum temperature Prediction of minimum temperature and frost damage is a common method and important application in the field of agriculture like outdoors crop growth. In particular those areas where vegetation can be exposed to low temperatures, frost can be disastrous for young vegetation or fruits.When the ...


    By Delta OHM S.r.L.

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