global-warming potential Articles

  • The potential of the ocean for the management of global warming

    The ocean represents a potential opportunity to store carbon dioxide from fossil fuel away from the atmosphere. Three carbon sequestration strategies are reviewed and the technical, legal and ethical issues that would follow from their widespread adoption are examined. Each of these strategies could play a significant role in mitigating the carbon dioxide increase in the atmosphere. The legal ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Global Warming Potential (GWP) significance of HCFC refrigerant gases

    The global warming potential of chemicals is well documented. This is usually documented by referencing how much a chemical will impact global warming as compared to a similar amount of carbon dioxide. Refrigerants typically outrank carbon dioxide by a factor of 100 or even 1000 and stay in the atmosphere longer to our climate's detriment. All greenhouse gases are allocated a global warming ...


    By Accruent

  • Food waste – global warming potentials of the options

    Food waste (FW) is a problem and an opportunity. This paper will review the alternativen routes for its management. In the UK, the majority of FW is still landfilled. Traditionally, FW has been fed to pigs but part of the reaction to the 2001 outbreak of foot and mouth disease in the UK was to ban this “swill feeding” and introduce stringent requirements for treating FW that later was the basis ...


    By Cambi Group AS

  • Global warming potential of waste management options: case study of Delhi

    Municipal solid waste in developing nations like India is an area of major concern. The concerns associated with waste management are not only public health and safety but also for sustainable development. Life cycle assessment (LCA) can be applied to assess the environmental sustainability of waste management systems. In the present study, global warming potential of various municipal waste ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Food waste global warming potentials of the options

    Food waste is Readily biodegradable70% moistureStructurally weak Therefore slumps, becomes anaerobic, putrid, smelly Attracts animals, birds and insects Make a mess Spread disease (Clostridium botulinum - botulism) Not ideal for composting – c.f. greenwasteRespiratory risk to susceptibles if stored indoorsFOG is ...


    By Cambi Group AS

  • Global warming: Acting in advance of government

    While the diplomats stumbled over compliance mechanisms to curb global warming at The Hague, it increasingly appears that the public has crossed the line to believe we have entered a long, hot century. Polar melt down and extreme weather may ultimately be attributed to natural cycles, but don't look to the public and the institutions that respond to the public to do any more waiting for more ...


    By AHC Group

  • The potential of renewable energy and energy efficiency improvement in reducing CO2 emissions in Taiwan

    The growing concerns over the global warming and energy security problems in Taiwan have led the government to design and promote renewable energy policies more aggressively over the past decade. This paper aims at examining to what extent the renewable-energy policies will contribute to the reduction of CO2 emissions in Taiwan. Our analysis results, using a specific CGE model, show that simply ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Environmental impact analysis of chemicals and energy consumption in wastewater treatment plants: case study of Oslo, Norway

    Wastewater treatment plants, while performing the important function of treating wastewater to meet the prescribed discharge standards, consume energy and a variety of chemicals. This paper analyses the consumption of energy and chemicals by wastewater treatment plants in Oslo over eight years, and their potential environmental impacts. Global warming and acidification were the dominant impacts ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Sewage sludge as fertiliser – environmental assessment of storage and land application options

    Sewage sludge (SS) contains beneficial plant nutrients and organic matter, and therefore application of SS on agricultural land helps close nutrient loops. However, spreading operations are restricted to certain seasons and hence the SS needs to be stored. Storage and land application of SS are both potential sources of greenhouse gases and ammonia, leading to global warming, acidification and ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Energy Recovery in Urban Wastewater Treatment on Global Scale

    ABSTRACT The lack of proper wastewater treatment results in production of CO2 and CH4 without the opportunity for carbon sequestration and energy recovery, with deleterious effects for global warming. Without extending wastewater treatment to all urban areas worldwide, CO2 and CH4 emissions associated with wastewater discharges could reach the equivalent of 3.13·105 tCO2·d-1 in 2025, with ...

  • Will a global warming agreement be fair to developing countries?

    Fairness, or equity, is a major concern of developing countries in negotiating a global agreement on greenhouse gas emission reductions. Operational versions of several equity concepts are analysed in the context of tradeable permits. We find that a global least-cost mitigation strategy is compatible with a variety of equity criteria. Moreover, the more cost-effective the global strategy, the ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Global environmental impacts of the hydrogen economy

    Hydrogen-based energy systems appear to be an attractive proposition in providing a future replacement for the current fossil-fuel based energy systems. Hydrogen is an important, though little studied, trace component of the atmosphere. It is present at the mixing ratio of about 510 ppb currently and has important man-made and natural sources. Because hydrogen reacts with tropospheric hydroxyl ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Albedo Enhancement by Stratospheric Sulfur Injections: A Contribution to Resolve a Policy Dilemma?

    Fossil fuel burning releases about 25 Pg of CO2 per year into the atmosphere, which leads to global warming (Prentice et al., 2001). However, it also emits 55 Tg S as SO2 per year (Stern, 2005), about half of which is converted to sub-micrometer size sulfate particles, the remainder being dry deposited. Recent research has shown that the warming of earth by the increasing concentrations of CO2 ...


    By Springer

  • Greenhouse gas emissions from the production and use of palm methyl ester in Thailand

    This study compares the life cycle Greenhouse Gas (GHG) emissions from Palm Methyl Ester (PME) and conventional diesel (diesel hereinafter) used for transportation in Thailand. The life cycle GHG emissions from the production and use of PME were found to be 79.5% less than that from diesel production and use. Hence, a fuel switch from diesel to PME, according to the Thai government's plan of ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Optimisation of visi cooler with the low global warming potential refrigerant mixture as an alternative to R134a and HC blend

    In this study, the performance of a visi cooler has been evaluated by using the ternary mixture of R134a/R290/R600a with five different mass fractions as an alternative to R134a and HC mixture. Baseline tests have been carried out with R134a and HC mixture and the performance parameters were compared with the five selected alternative refrigerant mixtures. The performance is optimised by varying ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Calculation of domestic flight-caused global warming potential from aircraft emissions in Turkish airports

    In this study, global warming potential (GWP) is calculated for aircrafts used in Turkish airports. The basic idea of this study is to investigate both emissions and their GWP values. This study is conducted in three steps, namely: 1) finding busiest airports in Turkey; 2) specifying the most used aircraft types and its engines; and 3) calculation of domestic flight-caused GWP value for both the ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Global climate change and contaminants, a call to arms not yet heard?

    A consensus has existed from the mid‐2000s that climate change is occurring and is the result of anthropogenic causes (Oreskes 2004). Noyes et al. (2009) published the first description of the potential interactions between a warming environment and toxicology. Four years ago, an editorial in Integrated Environmental Assessment and Management (Wenning et al. 2010) called upon members of SETAC ...


    By John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

  • Carbon annuities and their potential to preserve tropical forests and slow global warming: an application for small-scale farmers

    Carbon annuities have been suggested as a means for rewarding landowners for preserving forests and sequestering carbon. Although this is an intuitively appealing approach, the benefits of the sequestration activities have not been compared with the opportunity cost of preserving the forest. This paper represents an initial attempt at analysing how large carbon annuities must be to induce a ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Sustainable development: a review of progress, stagnation and potential

    Many researchers have discussed the topic of sustainability or sustainable development from their chosen respective fields. This paper offers a review of the sustainable development paradigm from a number of broad perspectives, including the psychological and business facets. An account of the concept, in terms of its progression as a theoretical, and more importantly, a practical concept, is ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • EU action against climate change

    Climate change is happening. The February 2007 science report from the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change shows that the world has warmed by an average of  076º Celsius since pre-industrial times and the temperature rise is accelerating.  Sea levels rose almost twice as fast between 1993 and 2008 as during the previous three decades.  Man made emissions of greenhouse gases ...

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