granular media filtration Articles

  • Media expansion monitoring improves filtration

    In municipal surface water treatment plants, optimum filter performance is a crucial component. Filtration is the primary treatment process at water treatment plants, and backwashing is the primary means to keep filters functioning properly to produce safe drinking water for the public. Since 2000, Entech Design, Inc. has used underwater acoustic sensing technology to monitor filter media ...


    By Entech Design, Inc.

  • Aerosol filtration in nanofiber filter media

    Nanofiber filter media are used in air filter applications where a compact filtration system with very high overall and fractional efficiency and low initial pressure drop  is required.  Moreover, because the aerodynamic drag force on nanofibers is very low compared to the drag on the large dust particles collected on the nanofiber media, this media is ideal for application to ...

  • Micro Media Filtration Proving Effective in Produced Water Softening Systems

    Having an eff ective, durable pretreatment system in advance of ion exchange produced-water softening systems is the fi rst, most critical line of defense – ensuring smooth, more troublefree performance downstream. It’s especially true when dealing with today’s ion exchange technologies, which require TSS (total suspended solids) of 0.1-0.5 mg/L and turbidities of 0.1-1 NTU ...


    By Eco-Tec Inc.

  • Fundamentals and Advantages of Screen Filtration

    The “art” of filtration utilizes many methods for separating solid particles from fluids. There is often no right or wrong method. Water quality and customer requirements usually determine the “best” method for each unique situation. Ridged screens, pleated cartridges, string wound cartridges, melt blown cartridges, woven fabrics, non woven fabrics, sintered metals, granular media, frizzy balls ...

  • Evaluation of Tire Derived Rubber Particles for Biofiltration Media

    ABSTRACTCurrently, on average, one tire is discarded in the U.S. for every man woman and child every year. While the reuse market for used tires has increased over the years to approximately 75%, there are still an estimated 2-3 billion used tires stockpiled in the U.S. Finding economical and sustainable end uses for this tire material is an ongoing challenge to environmental engineers and ...

  • Effective production of rapid filters with polystyrene granules as a media filter

    In conventional water treatment stations, the filter cleaning is performed with the use of filtered water. To save water and obtain higher production, the use of polystyrene (PS) beads has been proposed as a granular filter element because it is a granular element with a low specific mass. By being lightweight, this material requires a lower water velocity during backwash. The PS beads were ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • It’s Time to Rethink Cooling Tower Filtration

    ABSTRACTThe dissipation of ambient or process heat in large HVAC systems, manufacturing facilities, power generation plants, refineries, metal mills and forges, chemical plants and food processors is most often accomplished by cooling towers. These simple structures facilitate the transfer of unwanted energy (heat) from a transport liquid (usually water) to the atmosphere. The bane of cooling ...

  • Crossflow Membrane Filtration High-Purity Water Systems

    INTRODUCTION As the electronics industry continues to provide us with such products as high resolution television, notebook size portable computers and cars with automatic navigation systems, it becomes necessary to produce semiconductors with finer device geometries to allow for efficient placement of more circuits per a given area. This requires increased control of a semiconductor's material ...

  • Keeping Water Soft -- Next Generation Filtration for the Oil & Gas Industry

    There is a need in many segments of the oil and gas production industry for an improvement in water filtration over traditional methods. This is especially true since the trend in oil and gas production is toward tighter, less permeable reservoirs and greater use of Enhanced Oil Recovery (EOR) techniques, many of which involve injecting water into oil reservoirs. In order to protect ...


    By Eco-Tec Inc.

  • Urban water reuse: microbial pathogens control by direct filtration and ultraviolet disinfection

    Physicochemical treatment efficiency for unrestricted urban water reuse was evaluated at a conventional activated-sludge wastewater treatment plant (WWTP). Pilot plant set-up consisted of an alum coagulation step, granular media upflow flocculation and direct downflow dual-media filtration followed by ultraviolet disinfection (dose of 95 mJ cm−2). Optimum aluminum sulfate dosage of 10 mg ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Transport of nano zero-valent iron supported by mesoporous silica microspheres in porous media

    Effective in situ remediation of groundwater requires the successful delivery of reactive iron particles through sand. However, the agglomeration of nano zero-valent iron (NZVI) particles limits the migration distance, which inhibits their usefulness. In the study described herein, NZVI supported by mesoporous silica microspheres covered with FeOOH (SiO2@FeOOH@Fe) was synthesized, ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Practical Applications of Static Low Density Media Filters for Use in the Treatment of Domestic Wastewater

    ABSTRACTIn the treatment of domestic wastewater, both biological and physical contaminant removal mechanisms must occur to facilitate compliance with NPDES permit discharge requirements. Static low density media (SLDM) filters can be used to perform both of these duties allowing for the consolidation of various unit operations into one component. Previous studies have shown that both organic and ...

  • Biofiltration as pre-treatment to water harvesting and recycling

    This paper presents the results of the long term biofilter experiments conducted with raw stormwater collected from a canal at Carlton, in Sydney. Anthracite and granular activated carbon (GAC) were used as a single filter media in biofilter columns. Media heights of 75 and 40 cm were used. The filter columns were operated at filtration velocities of 0.12 and 0.25 m/h. The removal efficiency for ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • The Elimination of Ethylene in Domestic Refrigerators

    Ethylene is a plant hormone produced naturally by fruit and other plant tissues. It is known as the ripening hormone because it regulates the series of processes associated with the ripening and senescence of fruit. Eliminating ethylene from the environment, both in storage chambers and transport containers, where it is stored in the form of gas, is a widespread practice designed to provide a ...


    By Bioconservacion SA

  • The role of solution chemistry in the stability and detachment of cohesive kaolinite particles

    The effect of solution chemistry on the behavior of kaolinite in three different situations was investigated: (1) the detachment of kaolinite from glass beads in a fluidized bed, (2) the erosion of kaolinite deposits in a laboratory flume and (3) the determination of the stress-strain rate relationship of concentrated suspensions in a rheometer. The experimental results from these three different ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Nano this and Nano that?

    Several terms, each with the prefix “nano-”, are now in use in the fields of filtration and its related separation processes, and it is important to be able to differentiate among their nuances of meaning. Firstly, there is nanometer itself, from which the others derive, and which is precise, measuring one thousandth of a micrometer or one millionth of a millimeter. It is thus a very ...

  • Removing Solids with Automatic Self-Cleaning Filters

    Introduction The “art” of filtration utilizes many methods for separating solid particles from fluids. There is often no right or wrong method. Water quality and customer requirements usually determine the “best” method for each unique situation. Ridged screens, pleated cartridges, string wound cartridges, melt blown cartridges, woven fabrics, non woven fabrics, sintered metals, granular ...

  • Devolping Pre-treatment Strategy for SWRO Systems

    Typically open-sea water intake structures are constructed in the shallow areas where sea water depth is in the range of 3m up to 10m. Due to this SWRO plant with open intake will have source water with high debris, suspended solids and aquatic organisms requiring a very elaborate pretreatment system. Thus Pretreatment design becomes an important part for a long term operation of the seawater ...

  • Case study - Biogas desulphurisation at the Chania WWTP

    In partnership with Greek engineering firm DIMTECH, Bioconservacion is conducting a biogas desulphurisation project that aims to drive the harnessing of energy from the digestion of slurry at the WWTP in Chania - the plant where wastewater is treated within a semi-arid zone of Crete, located near residential areas. This facility will be going into operation soon and will use the Bi-On Fe ...


    By Bioconservacion SA

  • The Next-Generation Water Filter for the Oil and Gas Industry

    Many segments of the oil and gas production industry need improvements in water filtration over traditional methods. This is true because of the trend toward oil and gas production in tighter, less permeable reservoirs and the greater use of enhanced oil recovery (EOR) techniques, many of which involve injecting water into the oil reservoir. To protect the integrity of such reservoirs, the amount ...


    By Eco-Tec Inc.

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