gravel bed filter Articles

  • Nitrogen removal in micro-polluted surface water by the combined process of bio-filter and ecological gravel bed

    Nitrogen removal in micro-polluted surface water by the combined process of a bio-filter and an ecological gravel bed was studied. Sodium acetate was added into micro-polluted surface water as carbon source and the nitrogen removal under different C/N ratio, hydraulic load and temperature were investigated. The results showed that the variations in C/N ratio, hydraulic load and temperature have ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Wastewater treatment design parameter analysis using the Nan-Men contact bed treatment facility in Northern Taiwan

    Contact bed treatment is one of the methods used for constructed wetlands. Taiwan introduced contact bed treatment to treat sewage in 2004. The reference design parameters are based on data obtained from developed countries. These foreign designs ignore the unique hydrological environment and climate of Taiwan. This study tried to analyze the water quality of the contact bed treatment system and ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Biological Cr(VI) removal using bio-filters and constructed wetlands

    The bioreduction of hexavalent chromium from aqueous solution was carried out using suspended growth and packed-bed reactors under a draw-fill operating mode, and horizontal subsurface constructed wetlands. Reactors were inoculated with industrial sludge from the Hellenic Aerospace Industry using sugar as substrate. In the suspended growth reactors, the maximum Cr(VI) reduction rate (about 2 ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Understanding the factors influencing the removal of heavy metals in urban stormwater runoff

    In this research, an infiltration trench equipped with an extensive pretreatment and filter bed consisting of woodchip, sand and gravel was utilized as a low impact development technique to manage stormwater runoff from a highly impervious road with particular emphasis on heavy metal removal. Findings revealed that the major factors influencing the removal of heavy metals were the ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Mine backfill

    Mine backfill is defined as the material used to fill the cavities (i.e., stopes) created by underground mining. Backfilling can be a means to dispose of sludge and/ or tailings which may contain hazardous materials and to reduce surface environmental impacts by storing tailings underground. Alternately, backfilling with nonhazardous materials can allow for mining productivity improvements. To ...


    By WesTech Engineering, Inc.

  • Whitepaper: Chemical-physical Water Treatment, Filtration and Flocculation

    Introduction In water treatment plants chemical-physical processes play an essential part in the process chain. They are successfully employed in the pre- and post-treatment of waters of different origins, as well as of other process liquids. In this regard the removal of particles by filtration is a central step. Classical filtration processes are used for particles ranging from ...


    By EnviroChemie GmbH

  • Inetgrated Planning for Wastewater Treatment and Recycling for a Small Community Development

    ABSTRACTIntegrated water resources planning was conducted for Olowalu Town, a proposed development in western Maui, Hawaii. Total water needs, which can be supplied by a combination of diverted surface water, well water, recycled water and captured stormwater, are estimated at between 1 and 2 mgd. The Olowalu development will generate approximately 0.5 million gallons per day (mgd) of municipal ...

  • The use of sewage sludge compost for improving reedbeds performance

    In a wastewater of medium strength, about 75 % of the suspended solids and 40 % of the filterable solids are organic in nature. The parameter used for measuring the strength and the quantity of the organic substances in the wastewater is the Chemical Oxygen Demand (COD) (Aggelakis and Tchobanoglous, 1995; Tchobanoglous and Burton, 1991). Degradable organic matter in wastewater, whether soluble or ...


    By ORBIT e.V.

  • Industrial Skid Mounted Filtration System, USA

    INTRODUCTION In April 2013, Pure Aqua successfully manufactured and supplied to a major wastewater treatment site in the USA with a skid mounted twin alternating multi-media water filtration system to remove suspended solids from well water. The multi-media filtration system comes complete ...


    By Pure Aqua, Inc.

  • Panelboard emission control: An historical perspective

    Sometimes the best view of the future can be seen from the past. That's why we've written this paper. We believe that an understanding of the history of emission controls in the panelboard industry will help everyone understand how this industry got to where it is and what the future holds. This account focuses on the evolution of technology devoted to the control of air pollution emissions from ...

  • Mono nov solves another fishy problem

    A division of Monsanto, NutraSweet Kelco is the world’s largest producer of alginate, a by-product of seaweed which is used as a natural thickener in the food, pharmaceutical, textiles and pet food industries. The efficiency of the production process and the quality of the final product is heavily dependent upon the thorough screening of river water to remove all debris, such as twigs, logs and ...

  • Mono nov solves another fishy problem

    A division of Monsanto, NutraSweet Kelco is the world’s largest producer of alginate, a by-product of seaweed which is used as a natural thickener in the food, pharmaceutical, textiles and pet food industries. The efficiency of the production process and the quality of the final product is heavily dependent upon the thorough screening of river water to remove all debris, such as twigs, logs and ...

  • Evaluation of Tire Derived Rubber Particles for Biofiltration Media

    ABSTRACTCurrently, on average, one tire is discarded in the U.S. for every man woman and child every year. While the reuse market for used tires has increased over the years to approximately 75%, there are still an estimated 2-3 billion used tires stockpiled in the U.S. Finding economical and sustainable end uses for this tire material is an ongoing challenge to environmental engineers and ...

  • Biosolids Composter Satisfies Customers and Neighbors

    A ticket to Penn State football games isn’t the only hard thing to come by in State College, Pennsylvania. So is the biosolids compost produced by State College’s University Area Joint Authority (UAJA) wastewater treatment plant. “For the last four years, we’ve been sold out before we’ve made the compost,” says Stephen Welch, who manages the UAJA composting plant. All biosolids generated — about ...


    By BioCycle Magazine

  • What is Wastewater?

    What is wastewater? Wastewater, the waste discharge that first comes to mind in any discussion of stream pollution, is the discharge of domestic wastewater, which contains a large amount of organic waste. Industry also contribute substantial amounts of organic waste, some of which comes from vegetable and fruit packing; dairy processing; meat packing; tanning; processing of poultry, ...

  • Compost in the mix for storm water management

    Bioretention areas, also known as rain gardens, are increasingly being used to capture and treat storm water runoff from impervious surfaces such as roofs, sidewalks and parking lots. These landscaped areas often feature native plants installed in an engineered soil mixture that includes compost. “Bioretention areas or rain gardens are an attractive storm water Best Management Practice (BMP) ...


    By BioCycle Magazine

  • Becoming a Zero Emissions Brewery

    Diverting 600 tons annually from landfills turn hops, grains, pallets, cardboard, glass, office paper and shrink wrap into major savings — and great beer! ALMOST AS FAMOUS for reducing its waste as for making great beer, Mad River Brewing Company of Blue Lake, California is renowned for its Steelhead and Jamaica ales as well as its ten Waste Reduction Awareness Program (WRAP) awards ...


    By BioCycle Magazine

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