gravity filtration Articles

  • Gravity self-backwashing filters

    The filtration of make-up and side-stream water in closed cooling circuits, operated through cooling towers, is a fundamental step to ensure safe and continuous operations in a power plant. Water - required in large amounts for this application - should not be wasted, and the potential damages deriving from a poor treatment must be avoided at all cost. BONO ARTES has developed a technical ...


    By Artes Ingegneria SpA

  • Gravity driven membrane filtration system to improve the water quality in rainwater tanks

    The characterisation of rainwater in metropolitan Sydney and in rural New South Wales was undertaken. The results showed that factors such as the lack of vehicular traffic, air pollution and urban contamination meant that rural rainwater water quality was better. The rain water collected in both metropolitan and rural areas generally complied with the 2004 Australian Drinking Water Guidelines ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Seven Ways Your Facility Isn’t Meeting Effluent Regulations and How to Solve Them

    Whether you own, operate, or help manage a municipal or industrial facility that deals with wastewater, it’s important to understand how wastewater treatment can play a significant role in the overall health of your business, especially when it comes to meeting effluent regulations. This is an important part of the wastewater treatment process to consider, as ignoring it could earn your ...


    By SAMCO Technologies, Inc.

  • Long-term behaviour of a gravity-driven dead end membrane filtration unit for potable water supply in cases of disasters

    The frequentness of serious natural disasters will rise against the background of climate change in the next decades. One of the most severe impacts of natural disasters is the interruption of drinking water supply. Contaminated water causes the death of thousands of people worldwide every year. Mobile waterworks used by aid organizations are sophisticated systems with high demand of energy, ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Household rainwater harvesting system – pilot scale gravity driven membrane-based filtration system

    This paper presents the results of a pilot scale study consisting of pre-treatment with a granular activated carbon (GAC) filter followed by membrane filtration. Detailed characterisation of rainwater tanks has highlighted that turbidity, dissolved organic carbon (DOC) and heavy metals, in particular lead, were not compliant with the 2004 Australian Drinking Water Guidelines (ADWG). Further, ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Biofilm formation and permeate quality improvement in Gravity Driven Membrane ultrafiltration

    The effects of biofilm development on ultrafiltration membranes with regard to permeate stability and permeation rates were investigated using Gravity Driven Membrane (GDM) filtration. The first part of the study aimed at evaluating the influence of the biofilm on permeate flux quality and quantity with regard to Assimilable Organic Carbon (AOC) degradation. In addition, two types of biological ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Clarifiers-No, Filtration-Yes: A Case Study

    Problem Twenty miles southeast of Coos Bay, Oregon situated at the conjunction of the North and South Forks of the Coquille River lays the town of Myrtle Point. Just five years ago this community of 2670 residents was facing a large potable water problem with an even larger price tag. The town feeds its water treatment plant from the North Fork Coquille River. Prior to the 1990s the water ...

  • It’s Time to Rethink Cooling Tower Filtration

    ABSTRACTThe dissipation of ambient or process heat in large HVAC systems, manufacturing facilities, power generation plants, refineries, metal mills and forges, chemical plants and food processors is most often accomplished by cooling towers. These simple structures facilitate the transfer of unwanted energy (heat) from a transport liquid (usually water) to the atmosphere. The bane of cooling ...

  • Industrial Skid Mounted Filtration System, USA

    INTRODUCTION In April 2013, Pure Aqua successfully manufactured and supplied to a major wastewater treatment site in the USA with a skid mounted twin alternating multi-media water filtration system to remove suspended solids from well water. The multi-media filtration system comes complete ...


    By Pure Aqua, Inc.

  • Advanced Filtration Media (AFM): Clean Water Market Analysis

    Executive Summary This report has been prepared by Entec to provide a market assessment of the application of AFM (Advanced Filtration Media) for potable water treatment. The work has been carried out on behalf of BREWEB, the Environmental Body of the Building Research Establishment and Dryden Aqua Limited, the developers of AFM. AFM is a high quality product that has been developed as ...

  • Dual Porosity Filtration for treatment of stormwater runoff: first proof of concept from Copenhagen pilot plant

    Dual Porosity Filtration (DPF) is designed for sedimentation-based removal of suspended solids (SS) and adsorption-based removal of dissolved contaminants from stormwater runoff. It consists of shallow (10 mm) low-porosity layers for contaminant retention, interlaid with high-porosity layers for horizontal, gravity-driven flow. First proof of concept was obtained in a 10 m by 60 m pilot plant ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • World’s largest compressible media filtration plant eliminates combined sewer overflows, with potential for dry-weather use

    The City of Springfield, Ohio, recently opened its 100 MGD enhanced high-rate treatment facility, designed to treat and disinfect combined high-volume stormwater and wastewater flows generated by wet-weather conditions. Utilizing EPA-documented Compressible Media Filtration technology – FlexFilter™ from WesTech – the system can also provide tertiary filtration and disinfection ...


    By WesTech Engineering, Inc.

  • Newport WWTP Newport, WA

    In 2003 the city of Newport began a study of upgrading the city’s waste water treatment plant. Plant flows were increasing and the city wanted to process sewage from septage haulers handling recreational development in the area. Esvelt Environmental Engineering Company was selected to do the study and facility design. One of the first decisions made was rather than expand aeration basins, ...


    By BDP Industries

  • Smoke Factory Chooses Automatic Self Cleaning Filter for Efficient and Effective Chiller Protection

    BACKGROUND Cooling towers dissipate both ambient and process heat in most large manufacturing facilities.  These structures facilitate the transfer of unwanted energy (heat) from a transport liquid (usually water) to the atmosphere.  Problems with efficient heat transfer, equipment protection and pathological risks to employees can most often be traced back to an issue with suspended ...


    By Orival, Inc.

  • Traditional and novel reservoir management techniques to enhance water quality for subsequent potable water treatment

    Thames Water treats approximately 2800Ml/d of water originating mainly from the lowland rivers Thames and Lee for supply to over 7.3 million customers, principally in the cities of London and Oxford. Traditionally, for London, water treatment has consisted of abstraction (pumping water from the rivers Thames and Lee), theoretical storage for 30–80 days in deep reservoirs, two stage filtration ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Innovative Multi-Media Filter – Continuous Backwash Filter

    The disadvantages of conventional MMF based pretreatment Conventional pretreatment is based on multimedia filters (MMF) implemented in large scale desalination plants. Although this filtration method is well proven and provides reliable filtration efficiency, it conceals an inherent drawback, the disadvantages of which relate mainly to the backwashing mechanism. The ...


    By IDE Technologies

  • From Pilot Studies to Full Scale Plant

    Natural gas is widely used as a primary energy source and is one of the most efficient fuel source. For this reason, more and more gas is utilized exceeding existent production facilities. Oil and gas companies therefore expand there measures and step behind borders finding and exploit new resources. One area of major interest is the Barents Sea, a remote area far from industry and civilisation. ...


    By EnviroChemie GmbH

  • J.C. Chambers WWTP City of Berea, KY

    The City of Berea was operating with outdated belt press technology which had high maintenance requirements and inadequate operating capacity. During the latest expansion of their facility, the plant evaluated various options for increasing the hydraulic throughput and reliability of their dewatering system. BDP was the press of choice due to the superior performance of the 3DPTM belt filter ...


    By BDP Industries

  • Treatment Of High Strength Chemical Industry Wastewater Using Moving Bed Biofilm Reactor (MBBR) and Powdered Activated Carbon (PAC) Technology

    A new Waste Recycling Facility (WRF) was created at the Sasol coal to liquids facility in Secunda, South Africa with a wastewater treatment system that includes equipment to treat the wastewater and storm water through several steps including equalization, oil removal (gravity separation and dissolved air flotation), lime neutralization/metals precipitation, back-neutralization, fixed-film ...

  • Sedimentation Processes

    Sedimentation is the process of allowing particles in suspension in water to settle out of the suspension under the effect of gravity. The particles that settle out from the suspension become sediment, and in water treatment is known as sludge. When a thick layer of sediment continues to settle, this is known as consolidation. When consolidation of sediment, or sludge, is assisted by mechanical ...


    By IWA Publishing

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