greenhouse gas calculation Articles

  • Suddenly greenhouse gas regulations

    FROM a whisper to a scream, from 0 to 60 in 4 seconds or less, whether you prefer music metaphors or car metaphors, all of a sudden it seems that regulation of greenhouse gases (GHGs) is about to descend upon us. My reading list on the plane today includes the new U.S. Environmental Protection Agency GHG reporting requirements, a draft protocol from the California Climate Action Registry (CCAR) ...


    By BioCycle Magazine

  • Description and application of the EAP computer program for calculating life-cycle energy use and greenhouse gas emissions of household consumption items

    Focusing on reduction in energy use and greenhouse gas emissions, a life-cycle-based analysis tool has been developed. The energy analysis program (EAP) is a computer program for determining energy use and greenhouse gas emissions related to household consumption items, using a hybrid calculation method. EAP consists of a number of fill-in screens corresponding to steps in the hybrid method, ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Calculation of energy recovery and greenhouse gas emission reduction from palm oil mill effluent treatment by an anaerobic granular-sludge process

    Conventional aerobic and low-rate anaerobic processes such as pond and open-tank systems have been widely used in wastewater treatment. In order to improve treatment efficacy and to avoid greenhouse gas emissions, conventional treatment can be upgraded to a high performance anaerobic granular-sludge system. The anaerobic granular-sludge systems are designed to capture the biogas produced, ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Economic damage control for greenhouse gas emissions

    Future emissions of trace gases are intrinsically linked to economic growth and abatement policies, which in turn, are governed by expectations of greenhouse damages. Trace gas indices that depend upon future emissions can be calculated either on the basis of emissions scenarios, such as those devised by the IPCC, or using optimal control techniques where the trade-off between damages and ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Greenhouse gas reporting in the ethylene manufacturing sector

    Abstract The Greenhouse Gas (GHG) Mandatory Reporting Rule (MRR), codified in Part 98 of Title 40 of the Code of Federal Regulations, requires numerous manufacturing sectors including ethylene manufacturing plants in the U.S. to report actual GHG emissions from applicable facilities starting with reporting year 2010. This paper describes the types of GHG emission sources at ethylene ...


    By Trinity Consultants

  • Wastewater Treatment Plant Monitors Greenhouse Gas Emissions

    Globally, little attention is paid to gaseous emissions from wastewater treatment processes. This contrasts greatly with the regulatory monitoring that is applied to the quality of water emissions from such facilities. However, in Helsinki, Finland, a large municipal wastewater treatment facility continuously monitors its emissions of greenhouse gases (GHGs) to help in the city’s efforts to ...


    By Gasmet Technologies Oy

  • Preparing for mandatory Greenhouse Gas Emissions reporting [checklist]

    Here at Drumbeat, we are firm believers in prior planning! As news of the forthcoming mandatory Greenhouse Gas (GHG) Emissions reporting for all listed companies hits the business press, we thought we would compile a handy checklist for those that need to comply. Determine your reporting period. GHG mandatory reporting starts on 1st Oct 2013. You need to know when your ...


    By Drumbeat Energy Limited

  • Laser gas detector systems for greenhouse gas emissions monitoring

    Two types of portable laser based gas detector for measuring emissions of the greenhouse gases carbon dioxide (CO2) and methane (CH4) from oil and gas operations are described. A scanning open path detector was developed within a Cooperative Research and Development Agreement (CRADA) with the USEPA. This system scans multiple paths across an area source in rapid succession, enabling calculation ...


    By Boreal Laser Inc.

  • Bioenergy and greenhouse gases

    Branches, stalks, and manure are waste no longer; bioenergy is part of the solution to reducing greenhouse-gas emissions. A study released by the Green Power Institute, the Renewable Energy Program of the Pacific Institute, reports that converting forest residues, agricultural and urban biomass waste, and gases from manure and landfills into energy helps reduce our greenhouse-gas emissions and ...


    By Pacific Institute

  • Refrigerant compliance includes calculating carbon emissions

    If you manage a facility using a refrigeration and air-conditioning (RAC) system or heating, ventilation and air conditioning (HVAC-R) system, it’s time to comply with federal and state environmental laws regarding carbon emissions. To help reduce greenhouse gases, the law requires calculating carbon emissions. This means monitoring, collecting data and performing extensive reporting of CO2 ...


    By Verisae

  • Do we need a standard to calculate “avoided emissions”?

    Businesses are constantly reminded of the risks and challenges of climate change, most recently with the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change’s fifth assessment report (AR5). Extreme weather events like flooding, wildfires, and droughts are challenging our infrastructure and disrupting our ...

  • A sustainability calculator - how green is your office?

    The Xerox Corporation has launched the industry's first sustainability calculator designed to help its customers pinpoint opportunities to reduce the environmental impacts of offices while reducing costs. The calculator is a software tool that measures the overall impact that a company's document technologies have on the environment. It's the newest assessment tool available through Xerox Office ...

  • Building a GHG emissions calculation tool case study

    Challenge: A multinational manufacturer requested assistance from Antea Group's Global Corporate Consultancy to calculate GHG emissions from its more than 60 worldwide facilities, including locations in Africa, Asia, Europe, North America and South America. The manufacturer planned to publish its first Global Reporting Initiative (GRI) oriented sustainability report, and requested support in ...


    By Antea Group - USA

  • 33 cities test new framework for community-scale greenhouse gas inventories

    A growing number of countries and companies now measure and manage their emissions through greenhouse gas (GHG) inventories. Cities, however, lack a common framework for tracking their own emissions—until now. Thirty-three cities and communities from around the world started pilot testing the Global Protocol ...

  • Reduction in greenhouse gas emissions from sewage sludge aerobic compost in China

    Sewage sludge is an important contributor to greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions and the carbon budget of organic solid waste treatment and disposal. In this case study, total GHG emissions from an auto-control sludge compost system, including direct and indirect emissions and replaceable reduction due to sludge compost being reused as fertilizer, were quantified. The results indicated that no ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • So Your Greenhouse Gas (GHG) Monitoring Plan is Complete... Now What?!?

    U.S. EPA's Greenhouse Gas Mandatory Reporting Rule (GHG MRR) codified at 40 CFR Part 98 required that facilities subject to the rule have a complete written GHG Monitoring Plan by April 1, 2010. At a minimum, the GHG Monitoring Plan must identify (1) methods used to collect GHG emissions information and supporting data, (2) personnel responsible for collecting the data, and (3) quality assurance, ...


    By All4 Inc.

  • Greenhouse Gas Emissions: A Case Study of Development of Data Collection Tool

    Abstract The absence of federal greenhouse gas (GHG) regulation in the United States has not diminished the importance of businesses assessing their impact on global climate change. Growing concern among shareholder and investor groups has motivated many organizations to quantify their greenhouse (GHG) emissions and commit to GHG reductions. Accurate quantification and detailed documentation of ...


    By Trinity Consultants

  • Methodology for the assessment of the greenhouse gas impact of wastewater sludge treatment

    Nitrous oxide (N2O) and methane (CH4) emissions from the wastewater sector represent the second largest source of greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions of the waste sector. A protocol has been developed to measure GHG from sewage sludge treatment. GHG measurements were performed on two industrial sewage sludge composting plants. Measurement campaigns showed GHG emissions range between 0.18 to 3.40 ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • How to define additionality in relation to greenhouse gas (GHG) reductions

    Companies that have facilities which use refrigeration and air-conditioning systems or heating, ventilation and air conditioning systems have to measure changes which are imposed upon them due to greenhouse gas emissions. Additionality is a measure which compares the level of emissions prior to implementation with the levels after a greenhouse gas reduction project has been introduced. ...


    By Verisae

  • Monitoring greenhouse gas emissions from hydroelectric reservoirs in northern Quebec, Canada

    Surface waters of natural freshwater bodies are capable of releasing far more carbon into the atmosphere than they absorb (Cole et al. 1994). Artificial reservoirs are also known to have environmental impacts which include greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions (Rosenberg et al. 1997, Fearnside et al. 2004, Tremblay et al. 2005). Therefore the inclusion of hydroelectric facilities as part of an overall ...


    By PP Systems

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