groundwater contaminant characterization Articles

  • What is a wastewater treatment system and how does it work?

    For industrial companies producing wastewater as part of it’s process, some type of wastewater treatment system is usually necessary to ensure safety precautions and discharge regulations are met. The most appropriate wastewater treatment system will help the facility avoid harming the environment, human health, and a facility’s process or products (especially if the wastewater ...


    By SAMCO Technologies, Inc.

  • The Discrete Fracture Network (DFN) approach for contaminated bedrock site characterization

    A comprehensive methodology known as the Discrete Fracture Network (DFN) Approach has been developed since the mid-1990’s as a framework for characterization of contaminated sites on fractured rock. This article provides an overview of the Approach and is followed by eight additional articles that describe the various methods that constitute this Approach. The ninth article also describes ...


    By HERON Instruments Inc.

  • Optimal groundwater contamination monitoring using pumping wells

    This study presents a new method for selecting monitoring wells for optimal evaluation of groundwater quality. The basic approach of this work is motivated by difficulties in interpolating groundwater quality from information collected for only few sampled wells. The well selection relies on other existing data relevant to contaminant distribution in the sampling domain, e.g. predictions of ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Groundwater Contamination Plume Remediation - Case Study

    19 CMT Multilevel Systems Successfully Installed in Challenging  A facility in Pontypool, Wales, UK was once the location of a plastic forming plant. Over time, chemicals produced through the plastic forming processes were lost into the groundwater beneath the facility, creating a large contaminant plume. Years later it was determined that the plume is ...


    By Solinst Canada Ltd.

  • Edible Oil Barriers for Treatment of Perchlorate Contaminated Groundwater

    An EOS® biobarrier was designed and implemented to remediate perchlorate contaminated groundwater. The report describes the site characterization, design steps, implementation, monitoring results and lessons learned from this effective remedial approach. EXECUTIVE SUMMARYThis final technical report documents the demonstration of emulsified edible oils for remediation of perchlorate in ...


    By EOS Remediation, LLC

  • Hydrogeochemical and isotopic characterization of groundwater at Žitný Island (SW Slovakia)

    Hydrogeochemical investigations and spatial variations studies on the distribution of water isotopes and radiocarbon in the groundwater of Žitný Island (Rye Island) were carried out. Žitný Island represents the largest groundwater reservoir in Central Europe (about 10 Gm3). The chemical composition of the groundwater of Žitný Island depends mainly on the chemical composition of Danube water, ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • High-Resolution Site Characterization with Multilevel Systems

    Within the last few years, the U.S. EPA added a new focus area on high-resolution site characterization (HRSC) to their Contaminated Site Clean-Up Information (CLU-IN) website. The U.S. EPA’s definition of HRSC is: “High-resolution site characterization (HRSC) strategies and techniques use scale-appropriate ...


    By Solinst Canada Ltd.

  • Innovations in the Remediation of Contaminated Sites

      Discussion of the EPA publication completed North American Innovative Technology Demonstration Projects; share the information from this new document which is now available in an online. Mention some of the ongoing and completed field demonstrations of innovative remediation technologies sponsored by EPA and other government agencies such as DOD, NPS, USFS, and BIA. The remediation ...


  • Comparison of Eight Innovative Site Characterization Tools Used to Investigate

    Environmental assessment of contaminated sites often requires delineation of the pathways of contaminant migration. Often, the pathways are strongly affected by the subsurface geology. At Vandenberg AFB in California, an accidental release of gasoline containing MTBE occurred at a base gasoline station in 1994. Dissolution of the gasoline into groundwater has created a dissolved MTBE plume at ...


    By Solinst Canada Ltd.

  • Full-Scale Bioremediation of Organic Explosive-Contaminated Soil

    Untitled Document In August 2001, the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers (USACE) initiated full-scale bioremediation of 6,000 yd3 of organic explosive-impacted soil at the Iowa ...


  • Risk assessment and brownfields-determining exposure to site contaminants

    The USEPA’s Brownfields Program was developed to facilitate the rehabilitation of contaminated property for re-development. EPA has set forth criteria that must be met for a revitalized property to be used for residential, commercial or industrial purposes. The main thrust of these criteria is the long-term protection of residents or visitors (including shoppers and business employees). As ...

  • Quantitative risk assessment for contaminated sites in Spain

    Environmental Quantitative Risk Assessment is one of the key factors in the Decision Making Process for contaminated sites. Numerous decisions have to be made before, during and after conducting a quantitative risk assessment.Risk assessment is based on the information gathered previously: Historical information (Phase I) Site characterization (Phase II) Toxicological ...

  • An almost-parameter-free harmony search algorithm for groundwater pollution source identification

    The spatiotemporal characterization of unknown sources of groundwater pollution is frequently encountered in environmental problems. This study adopts a simulation–optimization approach that combines a contaminant transport simulation model with a heuristic harmony search algorithm to identify unknown pollution sources. In the proposed methodology, an almost-parameter-free harmony search ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Evaluating groundwater/surfacewater transition zones in ecological risk assessments

    Currently, there is a common perception that the discharge of contaminated groundwater to a surfacewater body does not pose an ecological risk if contaminant concentrations in surface-water samples are below analytical detection limits or at very low concentrations. The transition zone represents a unique and important ecosystem that exists between surface-water and the underlying ground-water, ...

  • Guidelines for Use of Groundwater Spreadsheet Models in Risk-Based Corrective Action Design

    For use in risk-based corrective action design, simple analytical spreadsheet models can provide a cost-effective means of predicting groundwater plume migration and developing site-specific remediation standards. Such models are therefore commonly recommended as a conservative first step in the corrective action planning process, prior to use of more complex numerical modeling methods. However, ...


  • Shield Environmental Assoc. Defeats Bedrock Contamination with BOS 200® at Truck Stop

    Shield Environmental Associates (Lexington, KY) has faced some daunting challenges over many years of successful service to their clients, but this one was remarkable. The Problem: A 320 foot long dissolved BTEX plume in both shallow and deep zones in lithology very unfriendly to direct push sampling or injections. The Team: Shield Environmental Associates ...

  • Sampling and On-Site Analytical Methods for Volatiles in Soil and Groundwater - Field Guidance Manual

    Abstract: Volatile organic compounds (VOCs) are among the most frequently identified contaminants in soil and groundwater samples obtained during the investigation of suspected hazardous waste sites. Because some VOCs and their degradation products are potentially mutagenic, carcinogenic, or teratogenic, their concentrations in these two matrices are key factors in the risk assessment process. ...


    By QED Environmental Systems

  • Former Dry Cleaning Site Contaminated with PCE - Case Study

    In-Situ® Inc. TROLL® 9500 Multiparameter Sonde helps resolve treatment challenges and saves $200,000 in drilling, reagents, and consulting. A former dry-cleaning site in the Pacific Northwest, Ultra Custom Care Cleaners, was found to be contaminated with PCE (perchloroethylene). According to the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS), PCE was widely used in the dry cleaning of fabrics since the ...


    By In-Situ, Inc.

  • Case Study: Manipulating Groundwater Redox Conditions for MTBE Remediation

    A pilot study was conducted to investigate the potential to foster anaerobic methyl tert butyl ether (MTBE) biodegradation. The pilot test site, located on Long Island, New York, is characterized as a glacial out-wash aquifer with a high groundwater velocity over 2 ft/day. The MTBE plume is typical of similar plumes that have quickly migrated in this glacial out-wash aquifer. It is ...


    By REGENESIS

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