groundwater development Articles

  • The Phase 1 Environmental Assessment

    In today’s world where every property is subject to potential environmental risks a Phase 1 Environmental Site Assessment or ESA is an appropriate action to take. An ESA can help determine if the property has been contaminated by previous or current activities. The ESA can help protect the purchaser of a property from environmental risks prior to the closing on a property.  Lenders ...

  • What is a wastewater treatment system and how does it work?

    For industrial companies producing wastewater as part of it’s process, some type of wastewater treatment system is usually necessary to ensure safety precautions and discharge regulations are met. The most appropriate wastewater treatment system will help the facility avoid harming the environment, human health, and a facility’s process or products (especially if the wastewater ...


    By SAMCO Technologies, Inc.

  • San Diego formation groundwater development and storage potential.

    Groundwater as a resource has been little utilized in San Diego County, California, compared to neighboring counties to the north. The San Diego formation in southwestern San Diego County is one resource that has seen limited utilization historically, but in recent years has been viewed with increasing interest by local agencies for expanded groundwater development. Potential uses include ...


    By Hargis + Associates Inc

  • Development of a groundwater fungal strain as a tool for toxicity assessment

    Despite the significant ecological role in groundwater the value of fungi as indicators of groundwater pollution is not known, as fungi are notoriously challenging to assess for toxicity because of their varied morphological components, in particular their filamentous structures. Hence they remain rarely used in environmental risk assessments and monitoring programs for aquatic systems. We ...


    By John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

  • Integrating GIS and Groundwater Modeling Technologies for SWAPP Development

    Groundwater Modeling and GIS Technologies: Powerful Tools for Data Integration and Analysis Groundwater modeling and Geographic Information System (GIS) technologies are useful tools for developing a Source Water Assessment and Protection Plan (SWAPP) to assist planners in protecting groundwater ...


    By Weston Solutions, Inc

  • Groundwater Remediation

    Groundwater remediation or clean-up is required when concentrations of contaminants exceed or are expected to exceed predetermined levels for the type of resource that is impacted (Grossman et.al., 2008). For example, lead levels in drinking water should not exceed the EPA action level of 0.015 mg/L. What caused the high levels of lead? How can the lead be removed from the aquifer? (Grossman ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Groundwater flow and transport model of the Estonian Artesian Basin and its hydrological developments

    The sophisticated research and management problems of the Estonian water environment are considered by means of holistic modelling. The model elaborated is based on the computer code Visual MODFLOW Classic. The model encompasses the entire Estonian Artesian Basin (EAB) and the border districts of Russia and Latvia. It involves all main aquifers and aquitards on an area of 88,000 km2. The main ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Groundwater management in China

    After introducing groundwater development and other issues, the paper analyzes China's groundwater management system and its problems, and provides suggestions for improving the system. Increasing water demand since the 1970s has resulted in severe groundwater overdraft, water level decline and water quality degradation in China, but the current management system is not able to provide an ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Groundwater and contaminant transport modelling

    Client: Nuclear Industry Location: Cumbria, UK Services: Radioactive waste consultancy, hydrogeological risk assessment Issues: Potential risk to groundwater, environment and human health. System conceptualisation Summary: ESI developed a FEFLOW finite element model of the groundwater system in the ...

  • Radon distribution in groundwater of Taiwan

    Radon levels were surveyed in 517 monitoring wells constructed in five major groundwater areas of Taiwan. The radon concentration in groundwater samples varied in a wide range from below the detection limit of 18 pCi/L up to 1,100 pCi/L. A worldwide comparison of reported groundwater radon levels was conducted. Overall radon levels in Taiwan groundwater are relatively low compared to other ...


    By Springer

  • Oman: Guidelines for groundwater abstraction

    Groundwater is a precious resource in Oman, which is designated “National Wealth” by Royal Decree. The concession agreement between Petroleum Development Oman (PDO) and the government gives PDO the right to explore and use groundwater. So far PDO has used ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • High groundwater site conditions

    Specific site conditions: BIOROCK non-electrical sewage treatment plants are unlike other wastewater treatment systems and are perfectly suitable for high groundwater conditions. BIOROCK plants can be installed in high water table or high groundwater sites by one of our trained installers. Our Research and Development team worked hard to find the best design to fit to difficult UK installation ...


    By BIOROCK S.à.r.l

  • Who Owns Groundwater?

    California’s drought underscores the need to improve how the state - and the rest of us - divvy up a resource in demand. Grapevines march across wires strung along rolling hills, their little trunks improbably supporting heavy black fruit. Cindy Steinbeck’s family has been farming this land since 1920. They grow Zinfandel, Viognier, Cabernet, Merlot, and Petite Syrah grapes but are ...


    By Ensia

  • Business development

    One of the primary advantages of the SVOffice geotechnical software suite is that it allows consulting firms to develop new areas of business and revenue streams. This aspect of the software has been demonstrated by Golder Associates Africa. The Midrand office approached SoilVision Systems Ltd. about one and a half years ago with the desire to increase their numerical modeling capabilities. In ...


    By SoilVision Systems Ltd.

  • Modelling of groundwater flow and heat transport

    Client: Transport for London Location: London Services: Groundwater Modelling Issues: Identifying the potential effects of pumping excess heat to the Chalk aquifer Summary: ESI was commissioned to test the feasibility of one of the possible solutions identified to prevent temperatures on the ...

  • Why it’s time to elevate groundwater

    Groundwater stored in the earth’s crust underpins all our lives – the ultimate source of freshwater for billions has become victim of over-extraction and the ultimate sink for pollutants.   For too long, not enough has been done to regulate the use of this precious, on-demand resource and manage disposal of waste. If rates of groundwater depletion have tripled in the past 3 ...


    By The World Bank

  • Case study - Chlorinated groundwater treatment

    Problem A Fortune 50 company implemented a remedial project to collect and treat polluted groundwater from a site in Central New York, preventing the mitigation of impacted groundwater from flowing into local waterways. An engineering and construction firm was hired to design and build an effective, efficient groundwater treatment system. Collection of the polluted water would be done ...

  • Development of a coupled flow and solute transport modelling for Astaneh–Kouchesfahan groundwater resources, North of Iran

    Astaneh–Kouchesfahan Plain is an important source of groundwater in Northern Iran. In the study area, rational management of groundwater resources requires a precise evaluation of groundwater flow and transport components. For this purpose, a 2–dimentional groundwater flow and solute transport model was developed and calibrated using PMWIN 5.3. Simulation results under ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • The application of groundwater modelling to simulate the behaviour of groundwater resources in the Ramhormooz Aquifer, Iran

    In this study, groundwater modelling was proposed as management tool in Ramhormooz Plain, south western Iran. After definition of a conceptual model, the necessary data were defined into various packages of MODFLOW. Subsequently, the model was calibrated by trial and error estimation and the results were finally optimised by PMWIN through PEST code. After verification process, the model was used ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Upper Colne groundwater model update

    Client: Environment Agency Location: Hertfordshire Services: Groundwater Modelling , Low Flow Studies and Hydroecology Issues: Identification of management options for low flows in the River Gade Summary: ESI developed a groundwater model of the Upper Colne Catchment capable of simulating ...

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