groundwater filtration Articles

  • Bank filtration as managed surface-groundwater interaction

    Riverbank Filtration (RBF) is a managed surface-groundwater interaction process where surface water is induced to flow to pumping wells installed on the banks of rivers and lakes. We present the surface-groundwater interaction issues at various geomorphologic settings, from the headwaters of a river to its confluence with the oceans/lakes. In each reach, the factors for the sustainable operation ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Iron and manganese removal from groundwater by filtration through a chalcedonite bed

    The aim of this research was to determine the effectiveness of iron and manganese removal from groundwater using chalcedonite sand as a filter bed in rapid filtration. The experiment was conducted at a pilot plant. At the first stage of research, chalcedonite and silica sand were compared. The ripening time for manganese removal of chalcedonite was 27 days while silica sand was ripened within 57 ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • In Search of Ideal Groundwater Treatment

    As surface water supplies become increasingly polluted and difficult to treat, the use of groundwater continues to increase. Every day, more than 77 billion gal of water are withdrawn from aquifers for a variety of uses including human consumption. Worldwide, groundwater makes up 95% of available freshwater, and nearly half of the U.S. population receives all or part of its drinking water from ...

  • Removal of arsenic from contaminated groundwater with application of iron electrodissolution, aeration and sand filtration

    The results from a new water treatment system for arsenic removal are presented. The technology is based on the employment of an electrolytic iron dissolution and efficient aeration procedure prior to sand filtration. The treatment was introduced and investigated in a pilot scale plant and full scale waterworks. The pilot scale results showed the potential for efficient arsenic removal from ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Red mud filtration - case study

    YEAR: 2010 COUNTRY: HUNGARY N° and MACHINERY MODEL EMPLOYED: 1 GHT 1500.P7 MEM Diemme® Filtration This company had to deal with ‘red mud’ disposal, coming from the Bayer Process of alumina production. The material is potentially very dangerous for the environment and the health of people living in close ...


    By Aqseptence Group

  • Dredged sludge filtration - case study

    YEAR: 2009 COUNTRY: BELGIUM N° and MACHINERY MODEL EMPLOYED: 12  GHT 2000.P19 MEM Diemme® Filtration In Antwerp Harbour, lots of sediment accumulates, equal to 600,000 tons of dry material, which caused a gradual decrease in depth with the consequent reduction in navigability. Since a few years ago, the ...


    By Aqseptence Group

  • Biological active groundwater filters: exploiting natural diversity

    In the Netherlands, biological trickling filters without chemical pre-oxidation are generally applied to treat anaerobic groundwater, containing methane, iron, ammonium and manganese. Previous research showed that all compounds can be removed in one filter step and that not only the ammonia oxidation (by nitrification), but also the iron oxidation is often a biological process, despite oxygen ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Pacific place contaminated groundwater treatment facility

    Location: Vancouver, B.C. Owner: B.C. Ministry of Environment, Lands and Parks Description: This $1.5 million facility is capable of treating 135 L/min of contaminated groundwater, removing primarily BTEX and PAH. Through aeration, pH adjustment, and polymer addition, flocculation and settling, the majority of the contaminants are removed. ...


    By NovaTec Consultants Inc.

  • The effectiveness of arsenic remediation from groundwater in a private home

    Abstract Private wells are the source of drinking water for approximately 15% of households in the United States, but these wells are not regulated or monitored by government agencies. The well waters can contain arsenic, a known carcinogen that occurs in groundwater throughout the nation at concentrations that can exceed the Maximum Contaminant Level defined by the U.S. Environmental ...

  • Efficacy of arsenic filtration by Kanchan Arsenic Filter in Nepal

    Groundwater arsenic contamination has caused a significant public health burden in lowland regions of Nepal. For arsenic mitigation purposes, the Kanchan Arsenic Filter (KAF) was developed and validated for use in 2003 after pilot studies showed its effectiveness in removing arsenic. However, its efficacy in field conditions operating for a long period has been scarcely observed. In this study, ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Evaluation of electropositive filtration for recovering norovirus in water

    The virus adsorption-elution (VIRADEL) technique has been widely used in the recovery of various enteric viruses in water, and an electropositive filter such as 1 MDS has been commonly applied. However, effective methods of monitoring waterborne norovirus (NoV) have not yet been well characterized and optimized. Hence, in this study, the VIRADEL technique was evaluated and optimized for ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Demonstration of Resin Adsorption Techology for Treatment of VOCs in Groundwater

    Untitled Document ABSTRACT Aberdeen Proving Ground (APG) has been a center for the development, testing, and manufacture of military-related chemicals since World War I, ...


    By Weston Solutions, Inc

  • Assessment of manganese removal from over 100 groundwater treatment plants

    The aim of this study was to make an inventory of water quality and operational parameters which could affect manganese removal through aeration and rapid sand filtration and to establish correlations between these parameters and manganese removal efficiency. The focus of the overview was on manganese removal efficiency in the first aeration-filtration stage of conventional groundwater treatment ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Effectiveness of oxidative filter materials for manganese removal from groundwater

    The experiments reported in this paper were conducted at a pilot plant consisting of filtration columns filled with oxidative filter materials. The installation was supplied with water containing manganese in concentrations ranging from 0.2 to 1.4 mg/L. The aim of the experiments was to determine the effectiveness of manganese removal on the three filter media as a function of their internal ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Application of the membrane fouling simulator to determine biofouling potential of antiscalants in membrane filtration

    In treatment of groundwater with reverse osmosis, the applied antiscalant can significantly contribute to the formation of biofouling, especially when legislation enforces the use of biodegradable, phosphorous-free products. As an alternative to extensive piloting, the use of the membrane fouling simulator (MFS) is proposed here to assess the biomass growth potential of different antiscalants. ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Homogeneous, heterogeneous and biological oxidation of iron(II) in rapid sand filtration

    Homogeneous, heterogeneous and biological oxidation may precipitate iron(II) as iron(III) hydroxides. In this paper we evaluate the conditions under which each of these processes is dominant in rapid sand filtration (RSF). It is demonstrated that in the presence of iron(III) hydroxide precipitates homogeneous oxidation is negligible compared with heterogeneous oxidation. As soon as iron oxidizing ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • How Arsenic Biological Filtration Systems Can Improve Your Life

    Water is the foundation of human existence. It’s used for cooking, bathing, cleaning, and most importantly, drinking. Unfortunately, water is often dirty and contaminated, especially when it’s pulled from groundwater sources and wells. Since many cities have been shown to have low-grade drinking water, concern has increased about water quality. Many people are wondering if their water ...

  • The costs of small drinking water systems removing arsenic from groundwater

    The US Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) conducted an Arsenic Demonstration Program whereby the Agency purchased, installed, and evaluated the performance and cost of 50 small water arsenic removal treatment systems in the USA. A major goal of the program was to collect high-quality cost data (capital and operational and maintenance (O&M)) from the long-term operation (1–4 ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Contributions of homogeneous, heterogeneous and biological iron(II) oxidation in aeration and rapid sand filtration (RSF) in field sites

    In groundwater treatment, after aeration, iron(II) is precipitated in rapid sand filtration (RSF) by homogeneous, heterogeneous and biological oxidation. The contribution of homogeneous iron(II) oxidation may be calculated from equations and constants available in the literature. Heterogeneous iron(II) oxidation produces hydrous ferric oxides coated filter sand, resulting in a growing filter ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Serological responses to Cryptosporidium antigens among women using riverbank-filtered water, conventionally filtered surface water and groundwater in Hungary

    ABSTRACTWe compared serological responses to Cryptosporidium parvum antigens using surplus sera from females undergoing routine screening for pregnancy from three counties in Hungary where bank-filtered surface water, conventionally filtered and disinfected surface water, and groundwater from either a karst or confined aquifer are commonly used for drinking water. The primary purpose was to ...


    By IWA Publishing

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