groundwater flow investigation Articles

  • Low flow investigations: Severn Trent

    Over the last eight years ESI has worked closely with Severn Trent Water on key low flow sites in the Midlands.  The work has spanned the AMP3 and AMP4 programmes in 18 catchments and reviewed a total of over 30 PWS abstraction boreholes. The sites were initially flagged up for investigation as part of the National Environment Programme by the Environment Agency and included several SSSIs ...


    By ESI Consulting Ltd

  • Modelling of groundwater flow and heat transport

    Client: Transport for London Location: London Services: Groundwater Modelling Issues: Identifying the potential effects of pumping excess heat to the Chalk aquifer Summary: ESI was commissioned to test the feasibility of one of the possible solutions identified to prevent temperatures on the ...


    By ESI Consulting Ltd

  • Groundwater flow in an arsenic-contaminated aquifer,` Mekong Delta,` Cambodia

    ABSTRACT To advance understanding of hydrologies I influences on As concentrations within groundwaters of Southeast Asia, the flow system of an As-rich aquifer on the Mekong Delta in Cambodia where flow patterns have not been disturbed by irrigation well pumping was examined. Monitoring of water levels in a network of installed wells, extending over a 50knr area, indicates that groundwater ...


    By In-Situ, Inc.

  • Investigating cross-contamination of aquifers

    Shallow aquifers can cross-contaminate deeper aquifers through penetration of an intervening aquitard, via sandy intervals in the aquitard, along well casings, across long well screens, or around aquitard pinchouts. Distinguishing among these potential pathways requires the use of evaluation tools that may support or eliminate certain pathways. These tools include groundwater gradient and ...


    By Springer

  • Dynamics of nitrate & perchlorate in groundwater.

    The Apache Powder Superfund Site is located in Cochise County, Arizona, approximately 50 miles southeast of Tucson. The site was listed on the National Priorities List pursuant to CERCLA in 1990. Principal groundwater chemicals of concern (COCs) include nitrate-nitrogen (nitrate-N) and perchlorate. Concentrations of nitrate-N exceeding 500 mg/l and 2,300 mg/l have been detected in the “shallow ...


    By Hargis + Associates Inc

  • Numerical modeling of aquifer thermal energy efficiency under regional groundwater flow: a case study at Oslo Airport

    The main purpose of this paper is to present a robust forward model for simulating extraction and storage of thermal energy in an aquifer. The model is a local three-dimensional finite element model with boundary conditions derived from an analytic large-scale model based on the regional water balance. Numerical investigations and thermo-hydraulic evaluation of a typical dipole ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Karst groundwater: a challenge for new resources

    Karst aquifers have complex and original characteristics which make them very different from other aquifers: high heterogeneity created and organised by groundwater flow, large voids, high flow velocities up to several hundreds of m/h, high flow rate springs up to some tens of m3/s. Different conceptual models, known from the literature, attempt to take into account all these particularities. The ...


    By Springer

  • Overcoming the challenges of using a rainfall–runoff model to estimate the impacts of groundwater extraction on low flows in an ephemeral stream

    Simple modelling approaches such as a spatially lumped, rainfall–runoff model offer a number of advantages in the management of water resources including the relative ease with which groundwater and surface water accounts can be evaluated at the river-reach scale in data-poor areas. However, rainfall–runoff models are generally not well suited for use in ephemeral river systems ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Development of two-dimensional groundwater flow simulation model using meshless method based on MLS approximation function in unconfined aquifer in transient state

    In recent decades, due to reduction in precipitation, groundwater resource management has become one of the most important issues considered to prevent loss of water. Many solutions are concerned with the investigation of groundwater flow behavior. In this regard, development of meshless methods for solving the groundwater flow system equations in both complex and simple aquifers' geometry ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • The influence of aeration on the change in corrosiveness and aggressiveness of groundwater

    A high concentration of aggressive carbon dioxide disturbs many technological processes in water treatment. It also causes the development of corrosion in steel and concrete. De-acidification of groundwater by means of air bubbles alters pH and the concentration of aggressive carbon dioxide. This was investigated for the variables of air flow (Q = 20–50 L h−1) and height of water ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Case Study - Remedial Investigation - Former Vickers Refinery, Potwin, Kansas

    MWH carried out this comprehensive investigation in order to characterize soil, geology, surface water, and groundwater and identify possible source areas and potential contaminant migration pathways. Additionally, this investigation evaluated hydraulic pathways and the interaction between aquifers, evaluate the performance of the recovery wells, and evaluate groundwater and surface water ...


    By EI LLC

  • Comparison of Eight Innovative Site Characterization Tools Used to Investigate

    Environmental assessment of contaminated sites often requires delineation of the pathways of contaminant migration. Often, the pathways are strongly affected by the subsurface geology. At Vandenberg AFB in California, an accidental release of gasoline containing MTBE occurred at a base gasoline station in 1994. Dissolution of the gasoline into groundwater has created a dissolved MTBE plume at ...


    By Solinst Canada Ltd.

  • Chemical composition of groundwaters in the Hornsund region, southern Spitsbergen

    Chemical composition of groundwaters was investigated in the region of the Hornsund fjord (southern Spitsbergen). The investigations were conducted during polar expeditions organized by the University of Wroclaw in two summer seasons of 2003 and 2006. Three zones of groundwater circulation: suprapermafrost, intrapermafrost and subpermafrost, were identified in areas of perennial permafrost in ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • An Investigation of Meromixis in Cave Pools, Lechuguilla Cave, New Mexico

    Abstract: Levy D B 2008 An Investigation of Meromixis in Cave Pools. Lechuguilla Cave. New Mexico International Journal of Speleology, 37 (2), 113-118 Bologna (Italy) ISSN 0392-6672. Chemical characteristics of permanent stratification in cave pools (meromixis) may provide insight into the geochemical origin and evolution of cave pool waters The objective of this study was to ...


    By In-Situ, Inc.

  • Environmental impacts of aquifer thermal energy storage investigated by field and laboratory experiments

    Aquifer thermal energy storage (ATES) uses groundwater to store energy for heating or cooling purposes in the built environment. This paper presents field and laboratory results aiming to elucidate the effects that ATES operation may have on chemical groundwater quality. Field data from an ATES site in the south of the Netherlands show that ATES results in chemical quality perturbations due to ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Preliminary analysis of phosphorus flow in Hue Citadel

    Characteristics of waste and wastewater management can affect material flows. Our research investigates the management of waste and wastewater in urban areas of developing countries and its effects on phosphorus flow based on a case study in Hue Citadel, Hue, Vietnam. One hundred households were interviewed to gain insight into domestic waste and wastewater management together with secondary ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Shropshire Permo-Triassic sandstone: Regional groundwater model

    Client: Environment Agency Location: Shropshire Services: Groundwater Modelling Issues: Management of groundwater resources in Shropshire Summary: ESI was commissioned by the Environment Agency to develop a regional groundwater model of the East Shropshire Permo-Triassic sandstone aquifer.  ...


    By ESI Consulting Ltd

  • Groundwater, flooding and hydrological functioning in the Findhorn floodplain, Scotland

    A large floodplain of the River Findhorn, northeast Scotland, was investigated using hydrogeological and hydrochemical methods (including residence time indicators) to characterise groundwater/surface-water coupling and groundwater flooding. The study demonstrated widespread stratification within the floodplain: shallow (<8 mbgl) deposits are highly permeable (100 m/d); deeper deposits ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Large Precipitation Events are Critical in Replenishing Groundwater Resources

    Large precipitation events that occur about every 10 years are a critical source of recharge for replenishing groundwater resources, according to a new study by the U.S. Geological Survey and the Bureau of Reclamation. Groundwater is a vital source of water in the western United States, and will be increasingly ...

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