groundwater flow model Articles

  • Modelling of groundwater flow and heat transport

    Client: Transport for London Location: London Services: Groundwater Modelling Issues: Identifying the potential effects of pumping excess heat to the Chalk aquifer Summary: ESI was commissioned to test the feasibility of one of the possible solutions identified to prevent temperatures on the ...


    By ESI Consulting

  • Large Scale Groundwater Modelling

    The hydrological model LISFLOOD is a spatially-distributed, partially physically-based rainfall-runoff model that has been devised to simulate the hydrological behaviour in large European catchments, with emphasis on predicting floods and droughts. In the model the groundwater component is represented by two interconnected linear reservoirs, with the outflow in some unit of time being ...


  • Groundwater and contaminant transport modelling

    Client: Nuclear Industry Location: Cumbria, UK Services: Radioactive waste consultancy, hydrogeological risk assessment Issues: Potential risk to groundwater, environment and human health. System conceptualisation Summary: ESI developed a FEFLOW finite element model of the groundwater system in the ...


    By ESI Consulting

  • An OpenMI module for the groundwater flow simulation programme Feflow

    The OpenMI standard defines an interface that allows time-dependent models to exchange data at runtime. The migration of a flow simulation programme to OpenMI compliance usually requires changes in the source code or even a reorganisation of the programme sequence. Users of commercial flow simulation programmes depend on the software producer if they want to couple their models according to the ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Groundwater flow and transport model of the Estonian Artesian Basin and its hydrological developments

    The sophisticated research and management problems of the Estonian water environment are considered by means of holistic modelling. The model elaborated is based on the computer code Visual MODFLOW Classic. The model encompasses the entire Estonian Artesian Basin (EAB) and the border districts of Russia and Latvia. It involves all main aquifers and aquitards on an area of 88,000 km2. The main ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Groundwater Flow Modeling of Gundal Sub-basin in Kabini River Basin, India

    Abstract: Accurate estimation of groundwater recharge is extremely important for proper management of groundwater system especially in semi-arid regions. Many different approaches exist for estimating recharge. This study deals with groundwater modeling for assessing the groundwater balance and estimating the recharge in the Gundal sub-basin, which is located in a semi-arid portion of the Kabini ...


  • Groundwater flow modeling to support water management scenarios – the Bekaa Valley, Lebanon

    The Italian Ministry of Foreign Affairs funded a project aimed at developing tools for water management in the Bekaa valley, Lebanon. The Lebanese Ministry of Energy and Water implemented the project, supported by the University of Milan Department of Agricultural and Environmental Sciences (DISAA). The geologic framework consists of a cretacean-eocean carbonatic structure, crossed by a fracture ...


    By Tethys srl

  • A refined groundwater flow model of the shallow aquifer in Tianjin Municipality, China

    The assembly of a groundwater flow model for the shallow aquifer in Tianjin Municipality is outlined in this paper. Tianjin Municipality was selected because of its complicated hydrogeological conditions and rich data, which could be used to test a refined groundwater flow model for the shallow aquifer. When a shallow groundwater flow model is being assembled its recharge and discharge ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Impact of Groundwater Abstractions on River Flows (IGARF)

    This project was undertaken to review the current practice for the evaluation of groundwater abstractions on river and stream flows when assessing groundwater abstraction licence applications. This research contract formed Phase I of the National Groundwater and Contaminated Land Centre’s IGARF programme. The primary objectives of the project were to present a reasoned, robust and ...


    By ESI Consulting

  • The importance of preferential flow in controlling groundwater recharge in tropical Africa and implications for modelling the impact of climate change on groundwater resources

    An improved water table fluctuation technique for estimating recharge is applied to a sustained (10-year) groundwater level monitoring record in Uganda, a rare dataset for tropical Africa, and compared against results from soil moisture balance models (SMBMs) and unsaturated flow models. The results show that recharge is directly proportional to rainfall (long-term average rainfall is around 1200 ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Upper Colne groundwater model update

    Client: Environment Agency Location: Hertfordshire Services: Groundwater Modelling , Low Flow Studies and Hydroecology Issues: Identification of management options for low flows in the River Gade Summary: ESI developed a groundwater model of the Upper Colne Catchment capable of simulating ...


    By ESI Consulting

  • Impact of pumping in open pit mining on groundwater flow: a case study

    The groundwater flow behaviour was analysed during pre-monsoon, monsoon, and post-monsoon seasons. At first, the groundwater model was analysed in the steady state, and then the same was applied in the transient state to predict the spatio-temporal behaviour of groundwater in the region. Transient flow model was also developed to estimate the potential impact of pumping of groundwater due to ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • A possible modification of groundwater flow equation using coordinate transformations

    We described a groundwater model with prolate spheroid coordinates, and introduced a new parameter, namely τ the silhouette influence of the geometric under which the water flows. At first, we supposed that the silhouette influence approaches zero; under this assumption, the modified equation collapsed to the ordinary groundwater flow equation. We proposed an analytical solution to ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Numerical modeling of aquifer thermal energy efficiency under regional groundwater flow: a case study at Oslo Airport

    The main purpose of this paper is to present a robust forward model for simulating extraction and storage of thermal energy in an aquifer. The model is a local three-dimensional finite element model with boundary conditions derived from an analytic large-scale model based on the regional water balance. Numerical investigations and thermo-hydraulic evaluation of a typical dipole ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Overcoming the challenges of using a rainfall–runoff model to estimate the impacts of groundwater extraction on low flows in an ephemeral stream

    Simple modelling approaches such as a spatially lumped, rainfall–runoff model offer a number of advantages in the management of water resources including the relative ease with which groundwater and surface water accounts can be evaluated at the river-reach scale in data-poor areas. However, rainfall–runoff models are generally not well suited for use in ephemeral river systems ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • The combined use of MODFLOW and precipitation-runoff modeling to simulate groundwater flow in a diffuse-pollution prone watershed

    A numerical modeling case study of groundwater flow in a diffuse pollution prone area is presented. The study area is located within the metropolitan borders of the city of Izmir, Turkey. This groundwater flow model was unconventional in the application since the groundwater recharge parameter in the model was estimated using a lumped, transient water-budget based precipitation-runoff model that ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • A grid-based integrated surface–groundwater model (GISMOD)

    A distributed hydrological model, the Grid-based Integrated Surface-groundwater MODel (GISMOD), was developed to simulate hydrological processes by considering water interaction among different soil layers. The model integrates six modules. Basic information on catchment, such as the flow direction and the drainage network, can be obtained automatically from digital elevation model (DEM) data ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Modeling groundwater upwelling as a control on river ice thickness

    The Tanana River flows through interior Alaska, a region characterized by discontinuous permafrost. Studies link degrading permafrost to increased winter river discharge due to greater groundwater (GW) recharge increasing GW input to river baseflow. In winter, interior Alaskan rivers are exclusively fed by GW, which provides an external source of heat. In fact, some portions of rivers fed by GW ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Bromsgrove Permo-Triassic Sandstone: Regional groundwater model

    Client: Environment Agency Location: Bromsgrove, UK Services: Groundwater Modelling Issues: Management of groundwater resources in the Bromsgrove area Summary: ESI was commissioned by the Environment Agency to develop a regional groundwater model of the Bromsgrove Permo-Triassic sandstone ...


    By ESI Consulting

  • Development of a coupled flow and solute transport modelling for Astaneh–Kouchesfahan groundwater resources, North of Iran

    Astaneh–Kouchesfahan Plain is an important source of groundwater in Northern Iran. In the study area, rational management of groundwater resources requires a precise evaluation of groundwater flow and transport components. For this purpose, a 2–dimentional groundwater flow and solute transport model was developed and calibrated using PMWIN 5.3. Simulation results under ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

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