groundwater flow rate Articles

  • Groundwater: Low-flow Purging and Sampling

    Significant timesavings, improved sample process integrity, quality assurance and minimal quantities of potentially contaminated purge water to manage - are attractive as the focus on groundwater quality sharpens and economics demand best cost-benefit based methods Water has become a vitally important resource.  Maintaining its quality and quantity and avoiding pollution are set to be ...


    By Geotech

  • Sensitivity of groundwater flow with respect to the drain–aquifer leakage coefficient

    Mitigation measures may be used to prevent soil and water pollution from waste disposal, landfill sites, septic or chemical storage tanks. Among them, drains and impervious barriers may be set up. The efficiency of this technique can be evaluated by means of groundwater modeling tools. The groundwater flow and the leakage drain–aquifer interactions are implemented in a conforming finite ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • High frequency monitoring needed to protect UK rivers - Case Study

    The science behind nutrient pollution in rivers is still poorly understood despite the fact that nitrate and phosphate concentrations in the UK’s rivers are mostly unacceptable, although an element of uncertainty exists about what an acceptable level actually is. Key to improving our understanding of the sources and impacts of nutrient pollution is high-resolution monitoring across a broad ...


    By OTT HydroMet

  • Case study - Low-flow groundwater sampling on a nuclear site

    Nuclear licensed site use of low-flow groundwater sampling shows: Reduced time, reduced quantity of purge water – both thus reducing cost - and reduced risk of operator contact especially with potentially radioactive-contaminated purge water thanks to a self-contained enclosed system. One of the biggest headaches on site is the purge water and the expense of getting rid of it – after ...


    By Geotech

  • Low Flow Groundwater Sampling Using RotaPump Inertial Lift Pump

    This article tells you how to perform low flow groundwater sampling using a portable, surface-mounted pump with no decontamination required before each use and  no chance of cross contamination between wells. An inertial lift pump moves a dedicated (stored in the well) pumping tube rapidly up and down.  A one-way valve on the bottom admits water on the down stroke and ...


    By RotaPump, Inc

  • Groundwater flow and transport model of the Estonian Artesian Basin and its hydrological developments

    The sophisticated research and management problems of the Estonian water environment are considered by means of holistic modelling. The model elaborated is based on the computer code Visual MODFLOW Classic. The model encompasses the entire Estonian Artesian Basin (EAB) and the border districts of Russia and Latvia. It involves all main aquifers and aquitards on an area of 88,000 km2. The main ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Measurement of NAPL–water interfacial areas and mass transfer rates in two-dimensional flow cell

    The nonaqueous-phase liquid (NAPL)–water interfacial area and the mass transfer rate across the NAPL and water interface are often key factors in in situ groundwater pollution treatment. In this study, the NAPL–water interfacial area and residual NAPL saturation were measured using interfacial and partitioning tracer tests in a two-dimensional flow cell. The results were compared with ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Groundwater Remediation Strategies Tool

    This guide provides strategies for focusing remediation efforts on 1) the change in contaminant mass flux in different subsurface transport compartments (e.g. the vadose zone, smear zone or a zone within an aquifer of interest) and 2) the change in remediation timeframe. In this approach, groundwater flow and contaminant concentration data are combined to estimate the rate of contaminant mass ...


    By Solinst Canada Ltd.

  • Groundwater Asset Management in Mining

    Mike Deed is the author of an interesting article on Groundwater Asset Management in Mining that appeared in the December issue of Geodrilling International. The article focuses on the importance of implementing a regular maintenance programme to control borehole contamination and keep systems running efficiently. ...


    By Geoquip Water Solutions

  • Estimating contaminant-flushing rates for heterogeneous aquifers

    Groundwater remediation evaluations typically include cleanup time projections. Current batch flushing-rate equations and analytical models often used to estimate groundwater cleanup rates typically underestimate cleanup times, with a major factor the flawed assumption of aquifer homogeneity. Numerical modelling of groundwater flow and contaminant transport is a time-intensive and costly ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • The combined use of MODFLOW and precipitation-runoff modeling to simulate groundwater flow in a diffuse-pollution prone watershed

    A numerical modeling case study of groundwater flow in a diffuse pollution prone area is presented. The study area is located within the metropolitan borders of the city of Izmir, Turkey. This groundwater flow model was unconventional in the application since the groundwater recharge parameter in the model was estimated using a lumped, transient water-budget based precipitation-runoff model that ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Pump/Recharge Rate Affects Saltwater Intrusion

    Untitled Document Many areas of the world use groundwater as their main source of fresh water supply. With the worlds population increasing ...


    By Solinst Canada Ltd.

  • Karst groundwater: a challenge for new resources

    Karst aquifers have complex and original characteristics which make them very different from other aquifers: high heterogeneity created and organised by groundwater flow, large voids, high flow velocities up to several hundreds of m/h, high flow rate springs up to some tens of m3/s. Different conceptual models, known from the literature, attempt to take into account all these particularities. The ...


    By Springer

  • Case study - Chlorinated groundwater treatment

    Problem A Fortune 50 company implemented a remedial project to collect and treat polluted groundwater from a site in Central New York, preventing the mitigation of impacted groundwater from flowing into local waterways. An engineering and construction firm was hired to design and build an effective, efficient groundwater treatment system. Collection of the polluted water would be done ...

  • Haiti Groundwater Survey Project - Case Study

    We already have done over 230 survey sites with DC-4500 Ground-flow Locator in Haiti with 95% success rate since 2011. More than 230 water wells were drilled and most of seismoelectric surveys were performed in ...


    By Seismo Electronic LLC.

  • Case study - Chlorinated groundwater treatment

    Overview A Fortune 50 company implemented a remedial project to collect and treat polluted groundwater from a site in Central New York, preventing the mitigation of impacted groundwater from flowing into local waterways. An engineering and construction firm was hired to design and build an effective, efficient groundwater treatment system. Collection of the polluted water would be ...

  • The effect of pipe collectors in reducing the drainage coefficient rate

    A high groundwater table and soil salinity, especially in arid regions, often cause serious problems for agriculture. In irrigated areas the subsurface drainage can be an effective technique to lower the depth of the groundwater table and reduce soil salinity. In drainage systems, lateral pipes are designed to collect the free water from soil and convey it into collectors. In other words, ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Evaluating groundwater sustainability for fractured crystalline bedrock

    Water sustainability is an important concern for communities that rely on groundwater in fractured rock; yet the complexity of the fracture system and the unknown rate of recharge make quantifying groundwater availability difficult, if not impossible, using conventional water balance calculations. This study provides a new approach for estimating groundwater sustainability in fractured rock that ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Wet weather flow management

    For years, population explosion, demographic shifts, urbanization, aging infrastructure, limited water resources, and economic development have driven our water market, and with that our world’s need for total water solutions. ...


    By CH2M Hill Companies, Ltd.

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