groundwater geochemistry Articles

  • Arsenic geochemistry in a biostimulated aquifer: An aqueous speciation study

    Stimulating microbial growth through the use of acetate injection wells at the former uranium mill site in Rifle, Colorado, USA, has been shown to decrease dissolved uranium (VI) concentrations through bacterial reduction to immobile uranium (IV). Bioreduction also changed the redox chemistry of site groundwater, altering the mobility of several other redox‐sensitive elements present in the ...


    By John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

  • Hitting the Bull`s-Eye in Groundwater Sampling

    Many commonly used groundwater sampling techniques and procedures have resulted from methods developed for water supply investigations. These methods have persisted, even though the monitoring goals may have changed from water supply development to contaminant source and plume delineation. Unfortunately, the use of these methods can result in an incorrect understanding of the contaminant ...


    By QED Environmental Systems

  • Controlling factors of groundwater hydrochemistry in a small island’s aquifer

    Abstract: Factor analysis was applied to the hydrochemical data set of Manukan Island in order to extract the principal factors corresponding to the different sources of variation in the hydrochemistry. The application of varimax rotation was to ensure the clear definition of the main sources of variation in the hydrochemistry. The geochemical data of dissolved major, minor and trace ...

  • Edible Oil Barriers for Treatment of Perchlorate Contaminated Groundwater

    An EOS® biobarrier was designed and implemented to remediate perchlorate contaminated groundwater. The report describes the site characterization, design steps, implementation, monitoring results and lessons learned from this effective remedial approach. EXECUTIVE SUMMARYThis final technical report documents the demonstration of emulsified edible oils for remediation of perchlorate in ...


    By EOS Remediation, LLC

  • Statistical approaches and hydrochemical modelling of groundwater system in a small tropical island

    The aquifer of Manukan Island of Borneo, Malaysia had been found to be affected by seawater intrusion associated with excessive groundwater exploitation. This research attempted to characterize the chemistry of an impacted zone in the island using factor analysis (FA), cluster analysis (CA) and a hydrochemical model package (PHREEQC). The factor scores were used to plot the spatial map and to ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • The impact of an open waste disposal site on soil and groundwater pollution

    A study has been carried out of a waste disposal site, located in the valley of a small creek, 3 km south of Canakkale city centre. The surface area of the site was around 101000 square metres, and the total amount of waste deposited at the site since 1990 was approximately 1001000 tons. The major risks of the dump are its closeness to the university campus area to the south, the airport to the ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Aerobic and Anaerobic Bioremediation of 1,1-DCE and Vinyl Chloride in Groundwater

    Untitled Document A three-tiered remediation approach is being used for successful field treatment of a 1,1- dichloroethene (1,1-DCE) groundwater plume. The plume is characterized by ...


    By REGENESIS

  • Heavy metal contamination in water and sediments of an estuary in southeastern Turkey

    The geochemical characteristics of some heavy metals (Cr, Cd, Pb, Zn and Ni) in the river and sea sediments, in the soil and in the river and groundwater of an estuary on the southeast coast of Turkey have been studied. In the sea sediments, the wastes from a chromium factory control these metal concentrations. The heavy metal contamination in the river sediments results from an existing chromite ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Surgical Site Closure: Integrating Natural Attenuation and Focused Source Treatment (PDF)

    “Surgical site closure” is an innovative remedial strategy designed to intelligently integrate natural attenuation, risk-based cleanup goals, and focused source removal/treatment to cost-effectively remediate hydrocarbon-impacted sites. The first step in a surgical site closure is to develop a thorough understanding of site-specific groundwater geochemistry, via an evaluation of the presence and ...


    By REGENESIS

  • Interconnectivity between the Superficial Aquifer and the Deep Confined Aquifers of the Gnangara Mound, Western Australia

    Perth groundwater resources are obtained from three major aquifers that occur beneath the Perth metropolitan area: the Superficial aquifer, Leederville aquifer and Yarragadee aquifer. Each aquifer has a unique seasonal water level pattern controlled by soils, geomorphology and geology. Landuse is mainly responsible for variations in recharge; however, the hydraulic properties control aquifer ...


    By Springer

  • Interconnectivity between the Superficial Aquifer and the Deep Confined Aquifers of the Gnangara Mound, Western Australia

    Perth groundwater resources are obtained from three major aquifers that occur beneath the Perth metropolitan area: the Superficial aquifer, Leederville aquifer and Yarragadee aquifer. Each aquifer has a unique seasonal water level pattern controlled by soils, geomorphology and geology. Landuse is mainly responsible for variations in recharge; however, the hydraulic properties control aquifer ...


    By Springer

  • Comparison of Eight Innovative Site Characterization Tools Used to Investigate

    Environmental assessment of contaminated sites often requires delineation of the pathways of contaminant migration. Often, the pathways are strongly affected by the subsurface geology. At Vandenberg AFB in California, an accidental release of gasoline containing MTBE occurred at a base gasoline station in 1994. Dissolution of the gasoline into groundwater has created a dissolved MTBE plume at ...


    By Solinst Canada Ltd.

  • Hydrogeology in North America: past and future

    This paper is a retrospective on the evolution of hydrogeology in North America over the past two centuries, and a brief speculation of its future. The history of hydrogeology is marked by developments in many different fields such as groundwater hydrology, soil mechanics, soil science, economic geology, petroleum engineering, structural geology, geochemistry, geophysics, marine geology, and more ...


    By Springer

  • Ground Water Sampling for Metal Analyses

    The Regional Superfund Ground Water Forum is a group of ground-water scientists, representing EPA’s Regional Superfund Offices, organized to exchange up-to-date information related to ground-water remediation at Superfund sites. Filtration of ground-water samples for metals analysis is an issue identified by the Forum as a concern of Superfund decisionmakers. Inconsistency in EPA Superfund ...


    By QED Environmental Systems

  • Comparative Effects of HRC Application at Four Project Locations (PDF)

    Four site locations in the Southern or Midwest United States were the venues for pilot testing of a commercially available injectable bioremediation product (HRC™) to enhance the reductive dechlorination of chlorinated solvents. This activity occurred from 1997 through the end of 2000. Prior to injection, each site exhibited bioattenuation of parent compounds such as PCE, TCE, carbon ...


    By REGENESIS

  • EOS Permeable reactive barriers successfully treat a large Trichloroethene plume - Case Study

    Historical use of trichloroethene (TCE) and other chlorinated solvents at a former au-tomotive parts manufacturing plant in Indiana resulted in a large groundwater plume, stretching approximately 2 miles from the site. TetraTech GEO evaluated sev-eral remedial alternatives and selected enhanced in situ bioremediation to reduce contaminant concentrations and eliminate continued plume migration at ...


    By EOS Remediation, LLC

  • Closures of mine a new challenge for Romania

    AbstractThe mining activity is one of the oldest activity in Romania, dating from the year 100 B.C. The gold and silver ores represented one of the riches of our country. In time the economic content of metals diminuend, and the ore mines become non profitable. Due to this situation the best option of the State was the closure and ecological rehabilitation of the mines.The steps for the ...


  • Chemical contaminants as a factor of soil-subsurface metagenesis*

    The soil and the subsurface region below it are two interrelated natural bodies that comprise the earth’s upper layer from land surface to aquifers. The ratio between these phases fluctuates as a function of environmental conditions, while the subsurface water content ranges from air-dried to completely watersaturated. Because the soil-subsurface water content is controlled by ...

  • Three ways artificial intelligence is helping to save the world

    As computers get smarter, scientists look at new ways to enlist them in environmental protection. When you think of artificial intelligence, the first image that likely comes to mind is one of sentient robots that walk, talk and emote like humans. But there’s a different kind of AI that’s becoming prevalent in nearly all of the sciences. It’s known as machine ...


    By Ensia

  • Natural Attenuation

    Introduction: Natural subsurface processes such as dilution, volatilization, biodegradation, adsorption, and chemical reactions with subsurface materials are allowed to reduce contaminant concentrations to acceptable levels. Natural attenuation is not a 'technology' per se, and there is significant debate among technical experts about its use at hazardous waste sites. Consideration of this ...

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