groundwater infiltration Articles

  • The impact of intentional stormwater infiltration on soil and groundwater

    ABSTRACTStormwater infiltration is a principle which is more and more utilized on urban sites in France. However, given the characteristics of urban surfaces, and notably the amounts of the different pollutants that stormwater is likely to contain, it is important to try to assess the impact of intentional stormwater infiltration systems on the soil, and on groundwater. To try to answer that ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • An approximate solution for two-dimensional groundwater infiltration in sewer systems

    Estimating groundwater infiltration into sewer systems is important for wastewater treatment operators and municipalities. This paper presents an approximate solution for steady-state groundwater infiltration into sewer systems through line defects. The groundwater table was assumed to be horizontal and the aquifer homogeneous and isotropic. Mobius transformation technique and equivalent ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Rainfall, Runoff and Infiltration Re-visited

    Introduction The flow variations in sewers have been modelled for several years with a comparatively high degree of accuracy as far as the diurnal variations and responses to climatic conditions are concerned. However, until comparatively recently the variations in flow due to fluctuations in groundwater levels, soil storage capacity and wetness of the catchment have only been modelled in basic ...


    By Innovyze

  • Groundwater infiltration, surface water inflow and sewerage exfiltration considering hydrodynamic conditions in sewer systems

    Sewer systems are closely interlinked with groundwater and surface water. Due to leaks and regular openings in the sewer system (e.g. combined sewer overflow structures with sometimes reverse pressure conditions), groundwater infiltration and surface water inflow as well as exfiltration of sewage take place and cannot be avoided. In the paper a new hydrodynamic sewer network modelling approach ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Evaluating the performance of water purification in a vegetated groundwater recharge basin maintained by short-term pulsed infiltration events

    Infiltration of surface water constitutes an important pillar in artificial groundwater recharge. However, insufficient transformation of organic carbon and nutrients, as well as clogging of sediments often cause major problems. The attenuation efficiency of dissolved organic carbon (DOC), nutrients and pathogens versus the risk of bioclogging for intermittent recharge were studied in an ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Significance of enhanced infiltration due to groundwater extraction on the disappearance of a headwater lagoon system: Toluca Basin, Mexico

    Mexico City relies significantly on groundwater resources drawn from the Sistema Lerma well field located in the Toluca Basin, Mexico. Enhanced infiltration caused by groundwater extraction is suspected to be both a prime factor in the disappearance of a lagoon system at the Toluca Basin and a potential risk to long-term groundwater quality. A combined approach of field investigation and ...


    By Springer

  • On-site infiltration of road runoff using pervious pavements with subjacent infiltration trenches as source control strategy

    The focus in this work was on subsoil infiltration of stormwater from parking lots. With regard to operation, reduced infiltration performance due to clogging and pollutants in seepage, which may contribute to contaminate groundwater, are of interest. The experimental investigation covered a pervious pavement with a subjacent infiltration trench draining an impervious area of 2 ha. In order to ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Can urban tree roots improve infiltration for stormwater management?

    Global land use patterns and increasing pressures on water resources demand creative urban stormwater management. Strategies encouraging infiltration can enhance groundwater recharge and water quality. Urban subsoils are often relatively impermeable, and the construction of many stormwater detention best management practices (D-BMPs) exacerbates this condition. Root paths can act as conduits for ...

  • Groundwater Remediation

    Groundwater remediation or clean-up is required when concentrations of contaminants exceed or are expected to exceed predetermined levels for the type of resource that is impacted (Grossman et.al., 2008). For example, lead levels in drinking water should not exceed the EPA action level of 0.015 mg/L. What caused the high levels of lead? How can the lead be removed from the aquifer? (Grossman ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Exponential data fitting applied to infiltration, hydrograph separation, and variogram fitting

    Most lumped rainfall-runoff models separate the interflow and groundwater components from the measured runoff hydrograph in an attempt to model these as hydrologic reservoir units. Similarly, rainfall losses due to infiltration as well as other abstractions are separated from the measured rainfall hyetograph, which are then used as inputs to the various hydrologic reservoir units. This data ...


    By Springer

  • Keeping/ reconstituting groundwater

    In urban areas the rainwater often is (was) fast drained away. That leads to a shift in the water balance, infiltration and evaporation declined compared with the natural conditions. Caused by the missing infiltration, the groundwater level decline, which could have irreversible consequences for ecosystems like wetlands, lakes or rivers (because of missing low flow runoff). ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Dynamics of nitrate & perchlorate in groundwater.

    The Apache Powder Superfund Site is located in Cochise County, Arizona, approximately 50 miles southeast of Tucson. The site was listed on the National Priorities List pursuant to CERCLA in 1990. Principal groundwater chemicals of concern (COCs) include nitrate-nitrogen (nitrate-N) and perchlorate. Concentrations of nitrate-N exceeding 500 mg/l and 2,300 mg/l have been detected in the “shallow ...


    By Hargis + Associates Inc

  • Multicriteria decision-aid method to evaluate the performance of stormwater infiltration systems over the time

    Nowadays, stormwater infiltration systems are frequently used because of their ability to reduce flows and volumes in downstream sewers, decrease overflows in surface waters and make it possible to recharge groundwater. Moreover, they come in various forms with different uses. Despite these advantages the long term sustainability of these systems is questionable and their real performances have ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Predicting infiltration pollutant retention in bioretention sustainable drainage systems: model development and validation

    A major problem of increased urbanization is the rise in pollution caused by runoff. A solution to this problem can be found through the use of Sustainable Urban Drainage Systems (SUDS) such as rain gardens. Previous research has focused primarily on hydrologic design including the degree to which groundwater is replenished by these systems and models have been developed to quantify the extent ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Simulation of heavy metal pollution from stormwater infiltration through a porous pavement with reservoir structure

    ABSTRACTA laboratory experiment was set up to examine the ability of porous asphalt to retain metallic pollution. The results obtained confirm the retention of metals (Pb, Cu, Cd, Zn) by clogging particles, and a decrease in lead concentration can be observed in infiltrated runoff water. Moreover, the simulation of heavy metal transfer into the soil was carried out using the mathematical model ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Groundwater intrusion into leaky sewer systems

    Vast volumes of groundwater are drained by urban sewer systems. This unwanted flow component intrudes into sewer systems through leaky joints or connected house drains. However, unlike urban storm drainage, it has a high seasonal variation corresponding to groundwater storage and long slow recessions similar to baseflow in rivers also fed by shallow groundwater exfiltrating into the surface ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • The In Situ Bioremediation/Groundwater Remediation Process

    In-situ groundwater bioremediation is a technology that encourages growth and reproduction of indigenous microorganisms to enhance biodegradation of organic constituents in the saturated zone. In-situ groundwater bioremediation can effectively degrade organic constituents which are dissolved in groundwater and adsorbed onto the aquifer matrix. The Adventus In Situ Bioremediation/Groundwater ...


  • Assessments of Effect of Land-use change in Groundwater Storage

    Assessment of effects due to land use change in groundwater storage is performed in Kathmandu Valley basin of 651 km2. Effect of land use change is found to be more in groundwater than surface water. Increased impervious area due to land use change has been major factor in contributing to decreased infiltration. The ground water storage is depleting due to fact that the extraction of groundwater ...


  • A grid-based integrated surface–groundwater model (GISMOD)

    A distributed hydrological model, the Grid-based Integrated Surface-groundwater MODel (GISMOD), was developed to simulate hydrological processes by considering water interaction among different soil layers. The model integrates six modules. Basic information on catchment, such as the flow direction and the drainage network, can be obtained automatically from digital elevation model (DEM) data ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Groundwater, flooding and hydrological functioning in the Findhorn floodplain, Scotland

    A large floodplain of the River Findhorn, northeast Scotland, was investigated using hydrogeological and hydrochemical methods (including residence time indicators) to characterise groundwater/surface-water coupling and groundwater flooding. The study demonstrated widespread stratification within the floodplain: shallow (<8 mbgl) deposits are highly permeable (100 m/d); deeper deposits ...


    By IWA Publishing

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