groundwater iron removal Articles

  • Removal of As from groundwater by in situ bioprecipitation and zero-valent iron

    The aim of this study was to evaluate the in situ bioprecipitation (ISBP) and zero-valent iron (ZVI) for removal of arsenic from groundwater. Batch experiments were set up to test the metal/oxyanion removal efficiency using the processes induced by ZVI, by ISBP and by combining both technologies. For the construction of microcosms in anaerobic condition, aquifer material was mixed with ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Iron and manganese removal from groundwater by filtration through a chalcedonite bed

    The aim of this research was to determine the effectiveness of iron and manganese removal from groundwater using chalcedonite sand as a filter bed in rapid filtration. The experiment was conducted at a pilot plant. At the first stage of research, chalcedonite and silica sand were compared. The ripening time for manganese removal of chalcedonite was 27 days while silica sand was ripened within 57 ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Confirming Natural Attenuation Processes at a Coastal Site - Case Study

    Past waste disposal practices at a California coastal site resulted in a groundwater plume containing CVOCs (mainly chlorinated ethenes [CEs] and 1,1-dichloroethane) migrating offshore towards a marine harbor. CVOCs are present in the sediment porewater adjacent to the shoreline, but concentrations decreased significantly between 2000 and 2015, and NA in the marine sediments was suspected. To ...


    By SIREM

  • Removal of arsenic from contaminated groundwater with application of iron electrodissolution, aeration and sand filtration

    The results from a new water treatment system for arsenic removal are presented. The technology is based on the employment of an electrolytic iron dissolution and efficient aeration procedure prior to sand filtration. The treatment was introduced and investigated in a pilot scale plant and full scale waterworks. The pilot scale results showed the potential for efficient arsenic removal from ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Removal of hexavalent chromium in soil and groundwater by supported nano zero-valent iron on silica fume

    Silica fume supported-Fe0 nanoparticles (SF-Fe0) were prepared using commercial silica fume as a support. The feasibility of using this SF-Fe0 for reductive immobilization of Cr(VI) was investigated through batch tests. Compared with unsupported Fe0, SF-Fe0 was significantly more active in Cr(VI) removal especially in 84 wt% silica fume loading. Silica fume had also been found to inhibit the ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • The on-site feasibility study of iron and manganese removal from groundwater by hollow-fiber microfiltration

    The aim of this research was to investigate the removal of iron and manganese from groundwater by aeration, chlorine oxidation and microfiltration (MF). Pilot-scale experiments were performed at the Chang-Hua Water Treatment Plant in Taiwan. The raw waters contained soluble iron (0.4 mg/L) and manganese (0.5 mg/L) which were oxidized by chlorine and then filtered by hollow-fiber PTFE-MF. The ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Characterization and comparison of iron oxyhydroxide precipitates from biotic and abiotic groundwater treatments

    Removal of iron is an important step in groundwater treatment for drinking water production. It is performed to prevent organoleptic issues and clogging in water supply systems. Iron can be eliminated with a purely physico-chemical (abiotic) method or biotically with the help of iron-oxidizing bacteria (FeOB). Each of the purification methods requires different operating conditions and results ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Groundwater treatment with the use of zero-valent iron in the PRB Technology

    The industrial dumping sites located in the southern provinces of Poland pollute the groundwater with metals. In the article, the possibility of groundwater (polluted by metals) treatment with the use of PRB Technology has been presented. In this technology, the contaminants are removed from the aquifer by the flow of the groundwater through a PRB filled with a special reactive material. The ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Passivation of zero-valent iron by denitrifying bacteria and the impact on trichloroethene reduction in groundwater

    Zero-valent iron (ZVI) application in groundwater remediation is limited by its vulnerability to passivation, which significantly decreases its surface reactivity. Both biological and chemical processes can potentially passivate ZVI, although the understanding of biological passivation is limited. This study was conducted in bench-scale reactors packed with fresh ZVI or ZVI pre-exposed to ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • A performance assessment of arsenic-iron removal plants in the Manikganj District of Bangladesh

    In Bangladesh, arsenic contamination of groundwater, microbial contamination of surface water and seasonally variable rainfall make reliable access to acceptable quality drinking water a challenge. Arsenic-iron removal plants (AIRPs) are a relatively inexpensive way of removing arsenic from groundwater for access to safer drinking water. This study evaluated the performance of 21 (of 105) AIRPs ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Interactions between ammonia, iron and manganese removal using pilot-scale biofilters

    Pilot-scale biofilters treated with real groundwater were established to systemically investigate the interactions between ammonia, iron and manganese removal. When both of ammonia and manganese in influent were about 1 mg/L, they were quickly removed; but when manganese was above 3 mg/L, ammonia removal was affected significantly. When total iron was above 5 mg/L, the oxidization rate of ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Transformation of an existing physicochemical plant for iron and manganese removal by the application of biological processes

    A system for removing iron and manganese in groundwater, based on biofiltration technology, was developed at the Center of Sanitary Engineering of the National University of Rosario, Argentina. This process has been successfully applied in several new water treatment plants in Argentina. This paper describes the transformation of an existing plant for iron and manganese removal in groundwater ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • DEFERUM high iron removal water treatment plant equipment and technology

    DEFERUM is the ONLY technology available to remove HIGH iron (up to 80mg/L) and gas problems in water distribution, potable water and groundwater environments with very low operating costs. DEFERUM is also eco-friendly!Iron is one of the earth's most plentiful resources, making up at least five percent of the earth's crust. Rainfall seeping through the soil dissolves iron in the earth's surface ...

  • Project profile - Foxxtown Apartments Sudlersville, Maryland arsenic, iron & manganese removal

    Background AdEdge Technologies Inc. (AdEdge) was selected in 2006 by McCrone Engineers and the awarded contractor, Maryland Construction to design, build, and install a full scale AD26GS+ arsenic, iron, and manganese treatment system for their customer Foxxtown Apartments in Sudlersville, Maryland to meet the new EPA arsenic standard. The treatment system was based on the design ...

  • Assessment of manganese removal from over 100 groundwater treatment plants

    The aim of this study was to make an inventory of water quality and operational parameters which could affect manganese removal through aeration and rapid sand filtration and to establish correlations between these parameters and manganese removal efficiency. The focus of the overview was on manganese removal efficiency in the first aeration-filtration stage of conventional groundwater treatment ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • The costs of small drinking water systems removing arsenic from groundwater

    The US Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) conducted an Arsenic Demonstration Program whereby the Agency purchased, installed, and evaluated the performance and cost of 50 small water arsenic removal treatment systems in the USA. A major goal of the program was to collect high-quality cost data (capital and operational and maintenance (O&M)) from the long-term operation (1–4 ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Hand-pump subsurface arsenic removal: the effect of groundwater conditions and intermittent operation

    Hand-pump subsurface arsenic removal (SAR) has been investigated in rural Bangladesh with different groundwater conditions and intermittent operation modes. Multiple injection-abstraction cycles were performed after injection of 1 m3 of aerated water. From these experiments it can be concluded that hand-pump SAR, in the traditional injection-abstraction design, does not provide drinking water ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Mercury Removal

    The Adventus Mercury Removal AdvantageResponsible environmental experts in the academic, business and regulatory communities are increasingly more worried about the high levels of mercury contamination affecting many parts of the world. The international community is focusing their attention on this growing problem and EHC-M will clearly help, as it is perfectly suited for treating environments ...


  • Application of coupled zero-valent iron/biochar system for degradation of chlorobenzene-contaminated groundwater

    A novel iron-carbon micro-electrolysis system, bamboo-derived biochar coupled with zero-valent iron (ZVI), was investigated for chlorobenzene (CB)-contaminated groundwater removal. Influences of initial pH value, mass ratio of the ZVI/Biochar, initial CB concentration and ionic strength of the ZVI/Biochar micro-electrolysis were studied. The results indicated that the increase of initial pH ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Arsenic Removal

    The Arsenic Removal ProcessArsenic, a naturally occurring element, is found throughout the environment; for most people, food is the major source of exposure. Acute (short-term) high-level inhalation exposure to arsenic dust or fumes has resulted in gastrointestinal effects (nausea, diarrhea, abdominal pain); central and peripheral nervous system disorders have occurred in workers acutely ...


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