groundwater modeling Articles

  • Groundwater and contaminant transport modelling

    Client: Nuclear Industry Location: Cumbria, UK Services: Radioactive waste consultancy, hydrogeological risk assessment Issues: Potential risk to groundwater, environment and human health. System conceptualisation Summary: ESI developed a FEFLOW finite element model of the groundwater system in the ...


    By ESI Consulting Ltd

  • Modelling of groundwater flow and heat transport

    Client: Transport for London Location: London Services: Groundwater Modelling Issues: Identifying the potential effects of pumping excess heat to the Chalk aquifer Summary: ESI was commissioned to test the feasibility of one of the possible solutions identified to prevent temperatures on the ...


    By ESI Consulting Ltd

  • Upper Colne groundwater model update

    Client: Environment Agency Location: Hertfordshire Services: Groundwater Modelling , Low Flow Studies and Hydroecology Issues: Identification of management options for low flows in the River Gade Summary: ESI developed a groundwater model of the Upper Colne Catchment capable of simulating ...


    By ESI Consulting Ltd

  • Saline intrusion groundwater model: water company

    Client: Water Industry Location: Sussex Services: Groundwater Modelling, Water Quality and Groundwater Protection Issues: Impact on deployable groundwater resources from saline intrusion within a Chalk aquifer Summary: ESI was commissioned to produce a scoping model to simulate the effect of ...


    By ESI Consulting Ltd

  • An ecohydrologic model for a shallow groundwater urban environment

    The urban environment is a patchwork of natural and artificial surfaces that results in complex interactions with and impacts to natural hydrologic cycles. Evapotranspiration is a major hydrologic flow that is often altered through urbanization, although the mechanisms of change are sometimes difficult to tease out due to difficulty in effectively simulating soil–plant–atmosphere ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Ranking of conceptualized groundwater models based on model information criteria

    Modelers typically test alternative conceptualizations of a groundwater system because the ‘true’ hydrogeological model of the system is unknown, and the observed data are limited. This study elaborates on how to rank different conceptualizations of a groundwater system by using selection techniques and criteria that make a balance between complexity and accuracy of models. ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Modeling the groundwater recharge in karst aquifers by using a reservoir model

    The estimation of the groundwater recharge in a karstic system becomes an important challenge due to the great hydrodynamic variability in both time and space. This paper proposes a two reservoir conceptual model to simulate inflow into both the conduit system and the fissure network system based on the analysis of the spring hydrograph. The structure of the model and the governing equations are ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • The application of groundwater modelling to simulate the behaviour of groundwater resources in the Ramhormooz Aquifer, Iran

    In this study, groundwater modelling was proposed as management tool in Ramhormooz Plain, south western Iran. After definition of a conceptual model, the necessary data were defined into various packages of MODFLOW. Subsequently, the model was calibrated by trial and error estimation and the results were finally optimised by PMWIN through PEST code. After verification process, the model was used ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Applicability of the most frequent value method in groundwater modeling

    The Most Frequent Value Method (MFV) is applied to groundwater modeling as a robust and effective geostatistical method. The Most Frequent Value method is theoretically derived from the minimization of the information loss called the I-divergence. The MFV algorithm is then coupled with global optimization (Very Fast Simulated Annealing) to provide a powerful method for solving the inverse ...


    By Springer

  • A grid-based integrated surface–groundwater model (GISMOD)

    A distributed hydrological model, the Grid-based Integrated Surface-groundwater MODel (GISMOD), was developed to simulate hydrological processes by considering water interaction among different soil layers. The model integrates six modules. Basic information on catchment, such as the flow direction and the drainage network, can be obtained automatically from digital elevation model (DEM) data ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Integrating GIS and Groundwater Modeling Technologies for SWAPP Development

    Groundwater Modeling and GIS Technologies: Powerful Tools for Data Integration and Analysis Groundwater modeling and Geographic Information System (GIS) technologies are useful tools for developing a Source Water Assessment and Protection Plan (SWAPP) to assist planners in protecting groundwater ...


    By Weston Solutions, Inc

  • Bromsgrove Permo-Triassic Sandstone: Regional groundwater model

    Client: Environment Agency Location: Bromsgrove, UK Services: Groundwater Modelling Issues: Management of groundwater resources in the Bromsgrove area Summary: ESI was commissioned by the Environment Agency to develop a regional groundwater model of the Bromsgrove Permo-Triassic sandstone ...


    By ESI Consulting Ltd

  • Who Owns Groundwater?

    California’s drought underscores the need to improve how the state - and the rest of us - divvy up a resource in demand. Grapevines march across wires strung along rolling hills, their little trunks improbably supporting heavy black fruit. Cindy Steinbeck’s family has been farming this land since 1920. They grow Zinfandel, Viognier, Cabernet, Merlot, and Petite Syrah grapes but are ...


    By Ensia

  • Modeling groundwater upwelling as a control on river ice thickness

    The Tanana River flows through interior Alaska, a region characterized by discontinuous permafrost. Studies link degrading permafrost to increased winter river discharge due to greater groundwater (GW) recharge increasing GW input to river baseflow. In winter, interior Alaskan rivers are exclusively fed by GW, which provides an external source of heat. In fact, some portions of rivers fed by GW ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Modeling Leachate Contamination and Remediation of Groundwater at a Landfill Site

    Leachate contamination of an aquifer from a landfill sitewas simulated using the groundwater flow and transport model SUTRA developed by the U.S. Geological Survey. The model calibration was performed by spatially adjusting the hydraulic conductivity in order to capture the measured hydraulic head spatial variation and then by adjusting the dispersivity and porosity match the measured chloride ...


    By Springer

  • Shropshire Permo-Triassic sandstone: Regional groundwater model

    Client: Environment Agency Location: Shropshire Services: Groundwater Modelling Issues: Management of groundwater resources in Shropshire Summary: ESI was commissioned by the Environment Agency to develop a regional groundwater model of the East Shropshire Permo-Triassic sandstone aquifer.  ...


    By ESI Consulting Ltd

  • Mathematical model predicting arsenic bioleaching in groundwater treatment

    In the Southeast Asia region, arsenic contamination of groundwater has been reported in several countries and a large number of arsenic treatment units were installed in many regions. Microbial activity can greatly affect the mobilization of arsenic under anaerobic conditions when coupled with the oxidation of organic matter. In this study, a mathematical model was developed to predict the ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Researchers: Current global groundwater recharge models inaccurate

    A large-scale analysis of existing water resource models used around the world has found some key processes are missing, which means estimates of water availability could be wrong and cannot be reliably used for making water management decisions. The international team of scientists found that important climate change impact models are wrong in some areas. One finding was that groundwater ...


    By Fluence Corporation

  • USGS surveys, models high plains groundwater resources

    A United States Geological Survey publication and model of groundwater resources in the Northern High Plains aquifer can be used to better understand the region’s water resources, a critical component of scientific water management. This type of comprehensive study has not been made in more than 30 years The models can be used to assess the flow, quantity, sources, and sinks of groundwater ...


    By Fluence Corporation

  • An approximate model on three-dimensional groundwater infiltration in sewer systems

    Groundwater infiltration through cracked sewer pipes has caused significant economic losses. This paper presents a three-dimensional analytical expression for calculating the steady-state groundwater infiltration rate into sewer systems. As an extension of the previously developed two-dimensional model by the author, this new model can be used to simulate the infiltration through an orifice ...


    By IWA Publishing

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