groundwater protection Articles

  • New Spanish regulation on groundwater protection

    On 22 October it was issued Royal Decree 1514/2009 regulating the protection of groundwater against pollution and deterioration. The legal framework of this Royal Decree is formed by Directive 2000/60/EC (WFD) in particular Article 17, and Directive 20006/118/EC. The main objectives are to prevent or limit groundwater pollution and to establish criteria and procedures to assess their chemical ...

  • The Basics of Slope Stability Analysis for Geosynthetics

    Slope stability analysis is vital to preventing slope failures in a variety of engineering applications including landfill design, roads, dams and embankments, to name a few. Proper analysis anticipates both natural and manmade slopes and failure of foundations and retaining walls. This blog covers the necessity of slope stability analysis, how to conduct the analysis and the role of ...


    By Agru America, Inc.

  • US groundwater protection regulations `not comprehensive enough`

    Groundwater protection is the responsibility of everyone including the chemical industry. An energetic group of state and federal groundwater agencies, industry, environmentalists and other stakeholders, however, has made it a key area of their focus. The Ground Water Protection Council (GWPC) is a nonprofit Section 501(c)(6) organization dedicated to promoting and ensuring the use of best ...


    By Bergeson & Campbell, P.C.

  • Geoenvironmental properties of the groundwater protective soil layers in Brass, Nigeria

    The aim of this paper is to determine the geoenvironmental properties of the groundwater protective soil layers in Brass Island, the Niger delta region of Nigeria. Six borings were sampled in accordance with BS 1377:1975. The soils through which the borings were made consisted of inorganic clays, sandy–clay and sandy–silt mixtures. Permeability, transmissivity, leakage coefficient and formation ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Environmental protection

    An analysis of the lighting industry shows a significant shift from the use of incandescent bulbs to fluorescent bulbs. Incandescent bulbs use more fossil fuel energy, cost more and are less effective than fluorescent bulbs, which produce more lumens. Usage of fluorescent bulbs, however, is not entirely without risk because they contain mercury, a chemical compound that can have debilitating ...


  • An integrated Approach to Groundwater Protection Using Modelling and GIS, Groundwater in a Watershed Context (PDF)

    A pilot study for delineating wellhead protection areas was undertaken in Cacapava, Brazil, which integrated three-dimensional capture zone modelling with available groundwater and contaminant-source databases, using a four-step process. A contaminant source inventory was developed and each source was ranked based on its potential impact. Next, the thickness of the unsaturated zone and the ...


  • Towards an effective protection of groundwater resources: putting policy into practice with the drinking water protection file

    Groundwater in the Netherlands is a major resource for drinking water. As such it must be carefully monitored and managed. Evaluation of the European Water Framework Directive (EU-WFD) showed that protection of this valuable resource needs improvement. The Drinking Water Protection File identifies necessary measures needed per water abstraction site. The Protection File is part of the Dutch ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Groundwater and contaminant transport modelling

    Client: Nuclear Industry Location: Cumbria, UK Services: Radioactive waste consultancy, hydrogeological risk assessment Issues: Potential risk to groundwater, environment and human health. System conceptualisation Summary: ESI developed a FEFLOW finite element model of the groundwater system in the ...

  • Who Owns Groundwater?

    California’s drought underscores the need to improve how the state - and the rest of us - divvy up a resource in demand. Grapevines march across wires strung along rolling hills, their little trunks improbably supporting heavy black fruit. Cindy Steinbeck’s family has been farming this land since 1920. They grow Zinfandel, Viognier, Cabernet, Merlot, and Petite Syrah grapes but are ...


    By Ensia

  • Management and protection of groundwater resources in semi–arid zones: application of hydrochemical methodologies to Essaouira Synclinal Basin, Morocco

    The water resources of the Essaouira basin are characteristic of a semi–arid climate. It is a coastal aquifer located on the Atlantic coastline, corresponding to a sedimentary basin with an area of about 200 km². The geological structures delineate a syncline bordered by the Tidzi diapir of Triassic age which outcrops to the E and S. In the Essaouira basin, a multi–aquifer composed of detrital ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Contamination of groundwater and the risk to human health

    Groundwater is a major source of drinking water in many parts of the world. In industrialised countries, there is increasing concern that groundwater reserves are being contaminated by industrial effluents and the chemical pesticides and fertilizers used in intensive farming. This paper compares some of the existing guidelines for acceptable concentrations of certain common contaminants in ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Why it’s time to elevate groundwater

    Groundwater stored in the earth’s crust underpins all our lives – the ultimate source of freshwater for billions has become victim of over-extraction and the ultimate sink for pollutants.   For too long, not enough has been done to regulate the use of this precious, on-demand resource and manage disposal of waste. If rates of groundwater depletion have tripled in the past 3 ...


    By The World Bank

  • Groundwater reclassification for five corners area

    Ralph Penney, president of Penney Engineering, sent a letter in April to Tisbury town officials and property owners around the Five Corners intersection in Vineyard Haven asking for their support for a change in the way the Massachusetts Department of Environmental Protection (DEP) classifies the area's groundwater. Mr. Penney plans to petition the DEP for a change in the area's designation from ...


    By Penney Engineering, Inc

  • Kenya - Groundwater governance case study

    This report presents a case study on groundwater governance in Kenya. The objectives of the study were to: (a) describe groundwater resource and socioeconomic settings for four selected aquifers; (b) describe governance arrangements for groundwater management in Kenya; and (c) identify the relevance of these arrangements for planning and implementing climate change mitigation measures. The report ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Groundwater: Low-flow Purging and Sampling

    Significant timesavings, improved sample process integrity, quality assurance and minimal quantities of potentially contaminated purge water to manage - are attractive as the focus on groundwater quality sharpens and economics demand best cost-benefit based methods Water has become a vitally important resource.  Maintaining its quality and quantity and avoiding pollution are set to be ...


    By Geotech

  • Integrating GIS and Groundwater Modeling Technologies for SWAPP Development

    Groundwater Modeling and GIS Technologies: Powerful Tools for Data Integration and Analysis Groundwater modeling and Geographic Information System (GIS) technologies are useful tools for developing a Source Water Assessment and Protection Plan (SWAPP) to assist planners in protecting groundwater ...


    By Weston Solutions, Inc

  • Road Over Sensitive Groundwater Areas - Case Study

    When constructing or extending new roads, the responsible designers and contractors are increasingly faced with the task of preventing soil contamination. Therefore, measures for the protection of the groundwater are necessary in more and more cases. The corresponding requirements and specifications for such measurements are regulated in the "guide-line for constructional measurements of roads in ...


    By NAUE GmbH & Co.KG

  • A new frontier in Texas: managing and regulating brackish groundwater

    The challenge of providing access to clean water is visible in Texas, where chronic drought coincides with increasing water demand. The 2012 Texas State Water Plan reports a 2,700 million cubic metres (MCM) gap between freshwater supply and demand in 2010, a number predicted to grow to 3,100 MCM by 2060. Due to the difficulty of reducing water demand, policy makers and water providers are ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Sub-watertable landfill groundwater risk assessment

    Client: Waste Management Industry Location: Sub-water table landfill site, UK Services: Data collation and analysis, hydrogeological risk assessment , regulatory liaison and negotiation, Environmental Permit Application support Issues: Sub-water table landfill site, sensitive receptors (major aquifer), potential risk to ...

  • Saline intrusion groundwater model: water company

    Client: Water Industry Location: Sussex Services: Groundwater Modelling, Water Quality and Groundwater Protection Issues: Impact on deployable groundwater resources from saline intrusion within a Chalk aquifer Summary: ESI was commissioned to produce a scoping model to simulate the effect of ...

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