groundwater quality Articles

  • Leachate and Groundwater Quality in Lagos, Nigeria.

    ABSTRACT Water as a gift of nature is generally believed to have no enemy. Despite the abundance of fresh water on the earth, many regions are in deep crisis of water shortage due to there being polluted by human activities, or the ever increasing demand by industrialization and high population growth. Thus, groundwater is the alternative source of fresh water in areas where surface water is ...


  • Assessment of groundwater quality in sunamganj of Bangladesh

    Huge quantities of groundwater, particularly from the shallow aquifers, are used for irrigation in Bangladesh and in the absence of adequate surface water in the dry season, irrigation becomes heavily dependent on groundwater. The water quality management is essential for long-term irrigation system as it persuades the soil properties. In irrigation water evaluation, emphasis is given on chemical ...


    By University of Tehran

  • Impacts of Shallow Geothermal Energy on Groundwater Quality

    The use of shallow geothermal energy (SGE) systems to acclimatize buildings has increased exponentially in the Netherlands and worldwide. In certain areas, SGE systems are constructed in aquifers also used for drinking water supply raising the question of potential groundwater quality impact. Impacts of Shallow Geothermal Energy on Groundwater Quality provides a hydrochemical and geomicrobial ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Pilot project monitoring groundwater quality - Case Study

    Project Pilot project monitoring groundwater quality Client Gasunie Country The Netherlands Background and objective Gasunie strives for a sustainable future by safely and reliably transporting natural gas, the cleanest fossil fuel. To this end, Gasunie frequently performs groundwater ...


    By Eijkelkamp Soil & Water

  • Baseline groundwater quality in unconventional oil and gas fields

    In recent years, expansion of unconventional oil and gas production has prompted significant interest in potential impacts on drinking water resources. In many cases, water quality investigations rely on access to landowner water wells to develop baseline data prior to drilling; respond to spills, complaints, or incidents; or evaluate potential impacts due to drilling, completion, hydraulic ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Evaluation of groundwater qualities in a paddy-dominated alluvial fan

    Analytically assessing groundwater quality is indispensable for sustainable use of groundwater and its effective pollution controls. A large volume of groundwater is stored in the Tedori River alluvial fan one of which of the predominant land uses being irrigated paddy fields. Much groundwater under the fan is used for drinking and industrial purposes. For assessing agricultural activities at ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Groundwater Remediation

    Groundwater remediation or clean-up is required when concentrations of contaminants exceed or are expected to exceed predetermined levels for the type of resource that is impacted (Grossman et.al., 2008). For example, lead levels in drinking water should not exceed the EPA action level of 0.015 mg/L. What caused the high levels of lead? How can the lead be removed from the aquifer? (Grossman ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Evaluation of groundwater quality and its suitability for drinking purpose in Rajshahi City, Bangladesh

    A study was conducted to evaluate the hydrochemical processes controlling the water quality variations and to determine the water type of groundwater in Rajshahi City, Bangladesh, for drinking purposes. A total of 120 shallow and deep tubewell water samples were collected in pre- and post-monsoon seasons during the year 2008–2009 and analyzed for various physico-chemical parameters. The results ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Effect of soil-use on deep groundwater quality in Southern Chile

    This study evaluated the effects of farming activities on the quality of deep well water in Southern Chile. In this area, the use of fertilisers is becoming more widespread and the accumulation and poor management of cattle slurry and silage sub-products increases the risk of contamination. The study was carried out in the province of Osorno, where rainfall occurs all year round (maximum in ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Application of a GIS-based DRASTIC model and groundwater quality index method for evaluation of groundwater vulnerability: a case study, Sefid-Dasht

    Pollution control and removal of pollutants from groundwater are a challenging and expensive task. The aims of this paper are to determine the aquifer vulnerability of Sefid-Dasht, in Chaharmahal and Bakhtiari province, Iran, using the DRASTIC model. In addition, the groundwater quality index (GQI) technique was applied to assess the groundwater quality and study the spatial variability of major ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Impact of recycled water use at mammoth golf courses on basin groundwater quality

    ABSTRACT The Mammoth Community Water District’s proposed plan for recycled water use in golf course irrigation as a solution to the district’s water shortage problem develops concerns over protecting its basin groundwater quality. A detailed assessment through model development, and monitoring and testing is done in this study to determine the fate and transport of concerned pollutants in ...

  • Hydrogeochemistry and groundwater quality assessment of Astaneh–Kouchesfahan Plain, Northern Iran

    In this study, the hydrochemical characteristics of 230 bore well samples were analysed in Astaneh–Kouchesfahan Plain. Data interpretation shows that alkaline earths (Ca2+ and Mg2+) exceed the alkalis (Na+ and K+) and weak acids (HCO3−) exceed the strong acids (Cl− and SO42−) and ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Impact of treated wastewater on groundwater quality in the region of Tiznit (Morocco)

    The Tiznit region has an arid to semi-arid climate. Rainfall is scarce and the reuse of wastewater for crop irrigation is common, and consequently groundwater can be contaminated by chemical and biological pollutants. A wastewater treatment plant is constructed with the aim of producing water suitable for reuse in agriculture and reducing groundwater pollution. The aim of this study is to assess ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Stochastic hydro-economic model for groundwater quality management using Bayesian networks

    A strong normative development in Europe, including the Nitrate Directive (1991) and the Water Framework Directive (WFD) (2000), has been promulgated. The WFD states that all water bodies have to reach a good quantitative and chemical status by 2015. It is necessary to consider different objectives, often in conflict, for tackling a suitable assessment of the impacts generated by water policies ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Seasonal variation in the microbial quality of shallow groundwater in the Kathmandu Valley, Nepal

    To develop effective groundwater pollution control strategies for the Kathmandu Valley, Nepal, seasonal variations in microbial quality and their underlying mechanisms must be understood. However, to date, there are no studies that address these topics. In this study, groundwater samples from dug wells were collected during the dry and wet seasons from 2009 to 2012, and Escherichia coli ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Benefits to groundwater quality by diverting construction and demolition wastes from landfills

    The objective of this report is to evaluate the effects to groundwater by diversion of solid wastes from landfills. The focus is directed to the diversion of solid wastes from construction and demolition landfills associated with deconstruction and demolition projects. The environmental benefits of this diversion are discussed including groundwater contamination issues. Additionally, diversion ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Landfill groundwater monitoring network design and construction quality assurance (CQA)

    The site is an active landfill site situated in the north east of England.  The company managing the site was unhappy with the groundwater monitoring infrastructure around the site margins. ESI Ltd was commissioned to advise on locating and designing ten groundwater monitoring wells.  Following agreement with the Environment Agency, we also provided independent construction quality ...

  • Hydrogeomorphological Controls on Groundwater Quality in the Rattaphum Catchment (Songkhla Lake Basin), Thailand

    The Rattaphum Catchment comprises four major hydrogeomorphic units: mountains, footslopes, plains and inland swamps around a lake system. The area accommodates three main agroecosystems: vegetable, rubber and fruits. During the high-rainfall period, groundwater levels rise near to the soil surface in all agro-ecosystems. The high water levels remain for 3–4 months in the coastal plain, while in ...


    By Springer

  • Redox conditions and groundwater quality issues of selected alluvial aquifers in Serbia

    Redox conditions are an important regulator of aqueous biogeochemistry and knowledge about them is crucial for an understanding of the fate and occurrence of nitrates, emerging substances, and organic compounds in shallow groundwater. The aim of this paper is to determine redox categories, along with prevailing redox processes, and the differences in groundwater quality between shallow ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Seasonal variation of groundwater quality in a part of Guntur District, Andhra Pradesh, India

    Abstract  The area in Guntur district, Andhra Pradesh, India, is selected to discuss the impact of seasonal variation of groundwater quality on irrigation and human health, where the agriculture is the main livelihood of rural people and the groundwater is the main source for irrigation and drinking. Granite gneisses associated with schists and charnockites of the Precambrian Eastern Ghats ...


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