groundwater resource Articles

  • Groundwater resource exploration

    Resistivity method is very suitable for groundwater exploration. Two methods can be used, the surface method and crosshole method. Surface method is cost effective, though it is sometime not as accurate as the crosshole method. Geologists usually narrow down the exploration area and then operators can use geophysical methods to find groundwater.  Surface method involves laying two cables on ...

  • Karst groundwater: a challenge for new resources

    Karst aquifers have complex and original characteristics which make them very different from other aquifers: high heterogeneity created and organised by groundwater flow, large voids, high flow velocities up to several hundreds of m/h, high flow rate springs up to some tens of m3/s. Different conceptual models, known from the literature, attempt to take into account all these particularities. The ...


    By Springer

  • Alternative water supply and treatment solutions in Durban (SA)

    As a result of persistent drought conditions in South Africa a customer (an international consumer goods producer with a production facility in Durban) experiences the pressure of limited availability of water. The ever dropping dam levels currently result in higher risk for intermittent water supply resulting in unplanned and forced production stops in case no water is available. Aquest Colsen ...


    By Colsen International b.v.

  • The application of groundwater modelling to simulate the behaviour of groundwater resources in the Ramhormooz Aquifer, Iran

    In this study, groundwater modelling was proposed as management tool in Ramhormooz Plain, south western Iran. After definition of a conceptual model, the necessary data were defined into various packages of MODFLOW. Subsequently, the model was calibrated by trial and error estimation and the results were finally optimised by PMWIN through PEST code. After verification process, the model was used ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Large Precipitation Events are Critical in Replenishing Groundwater Resources

    Large precipitation events that occur about every 10 years are a critical source of recharge for replenishing groundwater resources, according to a new study by the U.S. Geological Survey and the Bureau of Reclamation. Groundwater is a vital source of water in the western United States, and will be increasingly ...

  • Technical Evaluation of Natural Resource Damage Assessments (NRDA) of Groundwater Resources

    Abstract To support a Natural Resource Damage Assessment (NRDA) for groundwater resources impacted by oil or hazardous substances, careful technical evaluation is required to define the nature and volume of the affected groundwater zone and the associated impact on the potential services provided by the affected aquifer and other interconnected water resources. Relative to the baseline ...


  • Monitoring groundwater resources for Municipalities - Case Study

    Background The City of Tucson is located in the Sonoran Desert in southwest United States (U.S.), approximately 100 km north of the Mexico-U.S. border. Tucson Water operates more than 215 groundwater wells, covering more than 300 square miles, providing more than 37 billion gallons (140 million m3) of potable water to its 730,000 inhabitants each year. The region receives only 12 inches of ...


    By Van Essen Instruments

  • Groundwater Remediation

    Groundwater remediation or clean-up is required when concentrations of contaminants exceed or are expected to exceed predetermined levels for the type of resource that is impacted (Grossman et.al., 2008). For example, lead levels in drinking water should not exceed the EPA action level of 0.015 mg/L. What caused the high levels of lead? How can the lead be removed from the aquifer? (Grossman ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Water resources

    Water resources are sources of water that are useful or potentially useful to humans. Uses of water include agricultural, industrial, ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Water resources and the potential of brackish groundwater extraction in Egypt: a review

    A review of water resources in Egypt indicates that Nile water is fully utilized and the available quantity could potentially decrease by approximately 19% due to proposed water usage by neighboring countries. Seawater desalination and groundwater extraction are the only options to increase Egypt's water supply. The extraction and desalination of brackish groundwater is suggested ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Assessment of groundwater resources using climatic and hydrologic budget methods

    The Pageru River basin is situated in drought prone areas of the Rayalaseema region, Andhra Pradesh, South–India. In the absence of perennial surface water bodies, groundwater is an important source of water and has played an important role in developing industry, agricultural and domestic supply. In the present study, the efforts have been made to assess the groundwater resources using both ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Application of hydrochemical signatures to delineating portable groundwater resources in Ordos Basin, China

    Abstract  The Ordos Basin of China encompasses Shaanxi, Gansu, and Shanxi provinces, Ningxia and Inner Mongolia autonomous regions. It lacks significant surface water resources. Among the water-bearing formations, the Luohe formation, with an area of 1.32×105 km2, is the most prospective aquifer. Groundwater quality data collected at 211 boreholes drilled into the Luhe formation indicate a ...


  • Potential impacts of climate change on groundwater resources – a global review

    Groundwater is a vital resource for sustaining life. Changes in the Earth's climate have the potential to affect both the quality and quantity of available groundwater, primarily through impacts on recharge, evapotranspiration and (indirectly) on pumpage and abstraction. Groundwater is a major contributor to streamflow in areas with relatively shallow water tables, so changes in groundwater ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Performance of intermittent aeration reactor on NH4-N removal from groundwater resources

    To study the effect of intermittent aeration period on ammonium–nitrogen (NH4-N) removal from groundwater resources, synthetic groundwater was prepared and three reactors were operated under different conditions – “reactor A” under continuous aeration, “reactor B” under 6 h intermittent aeration, and “reactor C” under 2 h intermittent aeration. To facilitate denitrification simultaneously with ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • The importance of preferential flow in controlling groundwater recharge in tropical Africa and implications for modelling the impact of climate change on groundwater resources

    An improved water table fluctuation technique for estimating recharge is applied to a sustained (10-year) groundwater level monitoring record in Uganda, a rare dataset for tropical Africa, and compared against results from soil moisture balance models (SMBMs) and unsaturated flow models. The results show that recharge is directly proportional to rainfall (long-term average rainfall is around 1200 ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Oman: Guidelines for groundwater abstraction

    Groundwater is a precious resource in Oman, which is designated “National Wealth” by Royal Decree. The concession agreement between Petroleum Development Oman (PDO) and the government gives PDO the right to explore and use groundwater. So far PDO has used ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Groundwater & Wastewater applications notes

    The Clean Water Act (CWA) and Resource Conservation and Recovery Act (RCRA) were designed to limit the amount of contaminants that are discharged into waterways and combat the level of organic pollution in the environment. Horizon Technology takes a strong stand on these topics and offers many Application Notes regarding the ...


    By Horizon Technology, Inc.

  • Recent papers in groundwater remediation

    Computational cost is a critical issue for large-scale water resource optimization under uncertainty, since time-intensive Monte Carlo simulations are often required to evaluate over multiple parameter realizations. This paper presents an efficient approach for replacing most Monte Carlo simulations with efficient surrogate models within a noisy genetic algorithm (GA). The surrogates are trained ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Water resources and management in Tunisia

    This paper focuses on the work done through the INRGREF to collect and analyse available information on water resources in Tunisia. It presents the quantity and quality of surface and groundwater resources data. Water resources in Tunisia are characterised by scarcity and a pronounced irregularity. Tunisia has been able to develop a complex and diverse water infrastructure allowing the country to ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Water Resources Management and Modeling

    Hydrology is the science that deals with the processes governing the depletion and replenishment of water resources of the earth's land areas. The purpose of this book is to put together recent developments on hydrology and water resources engineering. First section covers surface water modeling and second section deals with groundwater modeling. The aim of this book is to focus attention on the ...


    By IWA Publishing

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