groundwater supply Articles

  • Wastewater and groundwater

    Nearly 25 percent of the population in the United States—in more than 25 million homes—disposes of wastewater through onsite, or unsewered, systems that return treated effluent to the ground. This is an important public health issue because many of those same homes use wells that rely on groundwater for the drinking water supply. With ...

  • Control Algae and Improve the Water Quality in Waste Stabilization Ponds

    Due to population growth, accelerated urbanisation and economic development, the quantity of waste water generated is increasing globally. Mainly in low-income areas, a large proportion of the waste water is discharged directly in the environment. When the waste water is treated, the treatment plants may not remove certain pollutants that can have a negative impact on the people and ecosystem. ...


    By LG Sonic

  • Groundwater use and policy in community water supply in Finland

    Selection between ground and surface water in community water supply has been one of the key strategic questions in Finland since the early 1900s. After some cities failed to find reliable groundwater sources, many turned to surface waters. Since the 1950s the use of groundwater and artificial recharged groundwater have continuously increased. Presently their use is promoted by the government and ...


    By Springer

  • Estimating Future Impacts of Groundwater Contamination on Water Supply Wells

    In the following sections, we provide discussion and information to supplement the Feature Article. This material could not be included in the article itself due to space limitations of the printed ...


    By Solinst Canada Ltd.

  • Radon distribution in groundwater of Taiwan

    Radon levels were surveyed in 517 monitoring wells constructed in five major groundwater areas of Taiwan. The radon concentration in groundwater samples varied in a wide range from below the detection limit of 18 pCi/L up to 1,100 pCi/L. A worldwide comparison of reported groundwater radon levels was conducted. Overall radon levels in Taiwan groundwater are relatively low compared to other ...


    By Springer

  • Biobarriers for groundwater treatment: a review

    Biobarriers (BBs) are a new type of in situ technology for the remediation of contaminated groundwater. In recent years, this remediation technique has been more and more used in place of traditional Pump & Treat systems or other in situ technologies both in the USA and Europe. This work reviews the main experiences of BBs. The literature contains reports about tests ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • In Search of Ideal Groundwater Treatment

    As surface water supplies become increasingly polluted and difficult to treat, the use of groundwater continues to increase. Every day, more than 77 billion gal of water are withdrawn from aquifers for a variety of uses including human consumption. Worldwide, groundwater makes up 95% of available freshwater, and nearly half of the U.S. population receives all or part of its drinking water from ...

  • Who Owns Groundwater?

    California’s drought underscores the need to improve how the state - and the rest of us - divvy up a resource in demand. Grapevines march across wires strung along rolling hills, their little trunks improbably supporting heavy black fruit. Cindy Steinbeck’s family has been farming this land since 1920. They grow Zinfandel, Viognier, Cabernet, Merlot, and Petite Syrah grapes but are ...


    By Ensia

  • Augmenting Water Supply Systems

    Direct use of recycled water to augment urban water supply systems entails pumping water into the distribution system or blending with the conventional supply at the water treatment plant. The recycled water needs to be treated to drinking water standards or better, including advanced treatment processes to remove trace organics and chemicals. The City of Windhoek in ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Economic Evaluation of the Cadiz Groundwater Storage and Dry Year Supply Project, Metropolitan Water District of Southern California

    This report summarizes the Pacific Institute’s economic evaluation of the Cadiz groundwater storage and transfer project. The evaluation is consistent with and elaborates on the analysis previously submitted by Professor Charles ...


    By Pacific Institute

  • Cyto- and genotoxic profile of groundwater used as drinking water supply before and after disinfection

    The assessment of the toxicological properties of raw groundwater may be useful to predict the type and quality of tap water. Contaminants in groundwater are known to be able to affect the disinfection process, resulting in the formation of substances that are cytotoxic and/or genotoxic. Though the European directive (98/83/EC, which establishes maximum levels for contaminants in raw water ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Combined consideration for decentralised non-potable water supply from local groundwater and nutrient load reduction in urban drainage

    Integrated analysis of land use change and its effect on catchment water balance allows the selection of appropriate water and land management options for new urban developments to minimise the environmental impacts of urbanisation. A process-based coupled surface water-groundwater model was developed for Southern River catchment (Perth, Western Australia) to investigate the effect of urban ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Microbiological assessment of private groundwater-derived potable water supplies in the Mid-West Region of Ireland

    Determining the likelihood that groundwater contains faecal coliforms can aid water resource management in facilitating the protection of drinking water supplies. This study assesses the incidence of the faecal indicator organism Escherichia coli in 125 private water supplies (PWSs) serving individual houses in the Mid-West Region of Ireland. Two factors, aquifer type and rainfall (mm), were ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Design of dual water supply system using rainwater and groundwater at arsenic contaminated area in Vietnam

    Fresh water, a renewable but limited resource, is scarce in many areas of the developing world. This paper proposes a dual water supply consisting of both rainwater and groundwater to provide sustainable water for an arsenic contaminated area. In this paper, a novel model has been developed based on rainfall variance. A rainwater harvesting (RWH) system can obtain optimal performance by changing ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Three-phase approach to improve deep groundwater supply availability in the Elidar district of Afar region of Ethiopia

    This study provides new evidence on the effectiveness of a combined remote sensing and hydrogeological investigation method for deep groundwater development in complex geologic and geomorphologic situations in Ethiopia. The study was undertaken in the Elidar district of the Afar region of Northern Ethiopia. Due to the water availability and vegetation in this district, the majority of the ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Water supply planning & environmental studies

    Client: U.S. Fish & Wildlife Service Completion Date: 1998 Services Provided Surface water modeling Groundwater modeling Storage reservoir siting and assessment Facility modifications Water supply alternative evaluations Water quality analysis Hydrology and hydraulics ...


    By Burns & McDonnell

  • Why it’s time to elevate groundwater

    Groundwater stored in the earth’s crust underpins all our lives – the ultimate source of freshwater for billions has become victim of over-extraction and the ultimate sink for pollutants.   For too long, not enough has been done to regulate the use of this precious, on-demand resource and manage disposal of waste. If rates of groundwater depletion have tripled in the past 3 ...


    By The World Bank

  • Groundwater banking: opportunities and management challenges

    Groundwater banking is the use of aquifers to store water to balance seasonal or longer-term variations in supply and demand. The large storage capacity provided by aquifers can be a valuable tool for conjunctive use of surface water and groundwater as well as other elements of integrated water resources management. Successful groundwater banking requires favorable hydrogeological conditions to ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • World Bank: groundwater management specialist

    The World Bank is currently looking for a senior water resources specialist specializing in groundwater management to join the South Asia water team. The World Bank’s regional portfolio is in South Asia comprises over $5 billion of lending, of which around half is for water supply and sanitation and half for water resource and irrigation projects and a strong focus in India. These projects ...


  • India - Groundwater governance case study

    Groundwater comprises 97 percent of the worlds readily accessible freshwater and provides the rural, urban, industrial and irrigation water supply needs of 2 billion people around the world. As the more easily accessed surface water resources are already being used, pressure on groundwater is growing. In the last few decades, this pressure has been evident through rapidly increasing pumping of ...


    By IWA Publishing

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