groundwater supply Articles

  • Surface Water Monitoring - Case Study

    Safe operation of a Water Treatment Plant (WTP) requires careful monitoring of the water supply influent to the plant, as a guard for any substances entering the treatment works that could negatively impact treated water quality in the distribution system. One aspect of water quality that has recently garnered more attention from authorities and utilities is Natural Organic Matter (NOM), which ...


    By MANTECH Inc.

  • Fighting saltwater intrusion into groundwater supplies

    As freshwater supplies around the world diminish, human intervention is needed to protect existing sources to slow the onset of water scarcity. One ongoing struggle is to preserve the water in underground aquifers, which cities often rely on for drinking water. Intrusion of saltwater into these underground supplies is rendering them unfit for consumption or irrigation. The rock and soil that ...


    By Fluence Corporation

  • Groundwater use and policy in community water supply in Finland

    Selection between ground and surface water in community water supply has been one of the key strategic questions in Finland since the early 1900s. After some cities failed to find reliable groundwater sources, many turned to surface waters. Since the 1950s the use of groundwater and artificial recharged groundwater have continuously increased. Presently their use is promoted by the government and ...


    By Springer

  • How food production impacts global groundwater supplies

    The ever-increasing global trade in food is accelerating groundwater depletion in many areas of the world, emptying aquifers faster than they can be naturally recharged, according to newly released research. Although groundwater depletion is a well-known and frequently studied issue, the new research focuses on how groundwater supplies are affected by international trade. Agricultural ...


    By Fluence Corporation

  • Wastewater and groundwater

    Nearly 25 percent of the population in the United States—in more than 25 million homes—disposes of wastewater through onsite, or unsewered, systems that return treated effluent to the ground. This is an important public health issue because many of those same homes use wells that rely on groundwater for the drinking water supply. With ...

  • Estimating Future Impacts of Groundwater Contamination on Water Supply Wells

    In the following sections, we provide discussion and information to supplement the Feature Article. This material could not be included in the article itself due to space limitations of the printed ...


    By Solinst Canada Ltd.

  • Radon distribution in groundwater of Taiwan

    Radon levels were surveyed in 517 monitoring wells constructed in five major groundwater areas of Taiwan. The radon concentration in groundwater samples varied in a wide range from below the detection limit of 18 pCi/L up to 1,100 pCi/L. A worldwide comparison of reported groundwater radon levels was conducted. Overall radon levels in Taiwan groundwater are relatively low compared to other ...


    By Springer

  • The importance of groundwater monitoring

    Groundwater monitoring is an essential element in any environmental information system. Based upon validated groundwater monitoring data, information is derived on which decisions can be made. Constant monitoring provides the necessary data input for your smart environment and is basically the basis of the decision making process concerning spatial planning and climate change adaptation. As in ...


    By Eijkelkamp Soil & Water

  • Biobarriers for groundwater treatment: a review

    Biobarriers (BBs) are a new type of in situ technology for the remediation of contaminated groundwater. In recent years, this remediation technique has been more and more used in place of traditional Pump & Treat systems or other in situ technologies both in the USA and Europe. This work reviews the main experiences of BBs. The literature contains reports about tests ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • In Search of Ideal Groundwater Treatment

    As surface water supplies become increasingly polluted and difficult to treat, the use of groundwater continues to increase. Every day, more than 77 billion gal of water are withdrawn from aquifers for a variety of uses including human consumption. Worldwide, groundwater makes up 95% of available freshwater, and nearly half of the U.S. population receives all or part of its drinking water from ...

  • Who Owns Groundwater?

    California’s drought underscores the need to improve how the state - and the rest of us - divvy up a resource in demand. Grapevines march across wires strung along rolling hills, their little trunks improbably supporting heavy black fruit. Cindy Steinbeck’s family has been farming this land since 1920. They grow Zinfandel, Viognier, Cabernet, Merlot, and Petite Syrah grapes but are ...


    By Ensia

  • Brackish groundwater desalination on the rise

    Brackish water is water that is more saline than fresh. It’s not quite as saline as seawater, but it’s still too salty to be used without treatment. Typically, advanced treatment technologies — reverse osmosis and ultrafiltration, as well as other membrane-based technologies — are needed to purify and desalinate brackish groundwater before its use. Brackish groundwater ...


    By Fluence Corporation

  • Three-phase approach to improve deep groundwater supply availability in the Elidar district of Afar region of Ethiopia

    This study provides new evidence on the effectiveness of a combined remote sensing and hydrogeological investigation method for deep groundwater development in complex geologic and geomorphologic situations in Ethiopia. The study was undertaken in the Elidar district of the Afar region of Northern Ethiopia. Due to the water availability and vegetation in this district, the majority of the ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Evaluation of groundwater quality and assessment of scaling potential and corrosiveness of water supply networks, Iran

    The aim of this study was to determine the corrosion and scaling potential of water supply sources in a province in eastern Iran. In this cross-sectional study, 879 samples were taken to evaluate the water quality characteristics during 12 months (2013–2014). Five indices, Langelier, Ryznar, Puckorius, Larson–Skold, and Aggressiveness, were programmed in Microsoft Excel. The results ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Local groundwater supply systems for remote settlements, current state and prospects for utilization: case studies from Serbia

    Water supply for remote rural settlements is a big issue in the Republic of Serbia. Most local supply systems are developed and maintained by the local community and are in a poor condition. Based on a national strategy, this issue should be resolved with the construction of regional systems using artificial reservoirs. In this paper, case studies from three areas in Serbia are shown in order ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Combined consideration for decentralised non-potable water supply from local groundwater and nutrient load reduction in urban drainage

    Integrated analysis of land use change and its effect on catchment water balance allows the selection of appropriate water and land management options for new urban developments to minimise the environmental impacts of urbanisation. A process-based coupled surface water-groundwater model was developed for Southern River catchment (Perth, Western Australia) to investigate the effect of urban ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Economic Evaluation of the Cadiz Groundwater Storage and Dry Year Supply Project, Metropolitan Water District of Southern California

    This report summarizes the Pacific Institute’s economic evaluation of the Cadiz groundwater storage and transfer project. The evaluation is consistent with and elaborates on the analysis previously submitted by Professor Charles ...


    By Pacific Institute

  • Design of dual water supply system using rainwater and groundwater at arsenic contaminated area in Vietnam

    Fresh water, a renewable but limited resource, is scarce in many areas of the developing world. This paper proposes a dual water supply consisting of both rainwater and groundwater to provide sustainable water for an arsenic contaminated area. In this paper, a novel model has been developed based on rainfall variance. A rainwater harvesting (RWH) system can obtain optimal performance by changing ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Cyto- and genotoxic profile of groundwater used as drinking water supply before and after disinfection

    The assessment of the toxicological properties of raw groundwater may be useful to predict the type and quality of tap water. Contaminants in groundwater are known to be able to affect the disinfection process, resulting in the formation of substances that are cytotoxic and/or genotoxic. Though the European directive (98/83/EC, which establishes maximum levels for contaminants in raw water ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Microbiological assessment of private groundwater-derived potable water supplies in the Mid-West Region of Ireland

    Determining the likelihood that groundwater contains faecal coliforms can aid water resource management in facilitating the protection of drinking water supplies. This study assesses the incidence of the faecal indicator organism Escherichia coli in 125 private water supplies (PWSs) serving individual houses in the Mid-West Region of Ireland. Two factors, aquifer type and rainfall (mm), were ...


    By IWA Publishing

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