hand-held water quality Articles

  • Mining Water Quality Application

    Isaac Plains Coal Mine Isaac Plains is an open cut coal mine, in Northern Queensland, Australia. The Isaac Plains Project operates under an Environmental Authority (EA). One of the environmental monitoring requirements which must be met is monitoring water. These include potable water, mine affected water, natural creek flows, water releases, groundwater and the receiving environment. The ...


    By ANDalyze

  • Water Quality Models

    ' In order to determine the impacts of a particular discharge on ambient water quality, it is usually necessary to model the diffusion and dispersion of the discharge in the relevant water body. The approach applies both to new discharges and to upgrading of existing sources. This note provides guidance on models that may be applicable in the context of typical Bank projects.' Introduction ...


    By The World Bank

  • Water Quality Analysis Safeguarding Families

    Water is intensely purified and treated by water authorities before being ready for thousands of families. Everybody expects clean and safe tap water when turning on their taps. A water quality analysis center in Shanghi, China excels in its water testing and analysis with fully automatic potentiometric titration. Traditional Water Quality Analysis In order to ensure water hygiene and safety ...


    By Mettler - Toledo Int. Inc

  • European bathing water quality in 2014

    Good bathing water quality is critically important for Europeans. It plays a large role in helping people to plan holidays and leisure activities. It is therefore also of great importance to Europe's tourism industry, as clean and safe water is a major factor in continuing to attract visitors from all over the world. To allow citizens to make an informed choice of beach, the European Union (EU) ...

  • European bathing water quality in 2013

    Every year, millions of Europeans take advantage of the continent's wonderful selection of beaches, rivers, and lakes for a relaxing holiday or a day out. It is vitally important that they know the quality of the water they are swimming in, and that they do not jeopardize their health. The European Environment Agency (EEA) and the European Commission hope that this year's bathing water report ...

  • Hydraulic modeling and water quality monitoring

    Untitled Document The 2004 IMTech conference held in Baltimore, Maryland, April 18-20, attracted hundreds of water professionals interested in the application of IT solutions in water supply and distribution ...


    By Innovyze

  • Bacteriological quality of drinking water at point of use and hand hygiene of primary food preparers: implications for household food safety

    Quality of water for consumption and food processing activities is universally accepted as an essential component to ensure food safety at household (HH) level. Along with safe water, hand hygiene is also an important factor for reducing diarrheal illnesses. This was a cross-sectional study conducted in rural and urban HHs to detect hygiene indicators in drinking water samples at point of use ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Reducing the sensitivity of the water quality index to episodic events

    We demonstrated a general relationship between water quality index (WQI) values and indices of benthic community composition for a set of 32 streams from British Columbia and Ontario. Streams that produced lower WQI values tended to have benthic communities characteristic of degraded water quality. Streams, in contrast, that produced higher WQI scores tended to have a fauna characteristic of high ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • A hydrodynamic water quality model for propagation of pollutants in rivers

    Numerical modelling can be a useful tool to assess a receiving water body's quality state. Indeed, the use of mathematical models in river water quality management has become a common practice to show the cause-effect relationship between emissions and water body quality and to design as well as assess the effectiveness of mitigation measures. In the present study, a hydrodynamic river water ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Impact of barrages on downstream air entrained in water and on upstream river water quality

    This research studies the effect of barrages on upstream river water quality and on its self-assimilative. Also, the impact of barrages on upstream water temperature profile is studied. The amount of entrained air in water at river downstream side as a result of barrage existence is also studied. Constructing barrages in river reaches will alter its hydraulics and thus its water quality and ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • A coupled model for water resources allocation regarding water quality control

    In this study, a fuzzy credibility constrained programming (FCCP) model is developed for water quantity and quality management with uncertainties in water quality parameters. The proposed method could reflect not only inexact uncertainties in the objective function, variables and parameters, but also fuzzy uncertainties in the right-hand side. Credibility levels which represent satisfaction ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Transducers – “A lifetime of quality”

    At Brüel & Kjær, transducers are a core part of our business. They have been for more than50 years – almost a lifetime! The quality of our transducers is world-renowned. It is the result of our unique experience and knowledge, backed up by meticulous testing and quality control. Experience, Knowledge and Innovation Our experience and knowledge, acquired over ...

  • Hand-pumps as reservoirs for microbial contamination of well water

    The retention and release of total coliforms and Escherichia coli was investigated in hand-pumps removed from tubewells tapping a faecally contaminated aquifer in Matlab, Bangladesh, and from a new hand-pump deliberately spiked with E. coli. All hand-pumps were connected to reservoirs of sterile water and flushed. Faecal coliforms were observed in the discharge from all three of ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • A New Strategy to Improve Water Quality—One Targeted Watershed at a Time

    Water quality in the United States remains a major environmental and policy challenge. Water pollution is also a growing and serious problem across much of the world. Tackling water quality problems, particularly from diffuse sources such as agricultural farm fields, is a substantial challenge and much can be learned from the U.S. experience. ...

  • Dealing with Indoor Air Quality Issues

     According to the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) journal, the average American spends about ninety percent of their time indoors. This is why the chances are overwhelming that most of the air you breathe either has entered via your building's ventilation system... or filtered in through doors, windows, or porous wall materials. Along the way, the air might have picked up any number ...


  • An assessment of microbiological water quality of six water source categories in north-east Uganda

    Target 7C of the Millennium Development Goals is to “halve, by 2015, the proportion of people without sustainable access to safe drinking water and basic sanitation”. However, the corresponding indicator measures the “proportion of population using an improved drinking water source”. This raises the question of whether “safe” and “improved” can be used interchangeably. This paper tests this ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Determination of water quality index by fuzzy logic approach: a case of ground water in an Indian town

    The paper proposes fuzzy logic model that deals with the physico-chemical water analysis of ground water of Chikhli town for determination of Water Quality Index (WQI). The study was carried by collection of ground water samples from about eleven hand pumps located in this town. Ground water quality is studied by systematic collection and analysis of samples. The fuzzy logic is used for the ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • An investigation into the relationship between water quality volume (design storage volume) and stormwater wetland performance

    An investigation on free water surface wetland, which has an area of 0.23 ha and is employed to control the non-point source pollution from a watershed of 7.4 ha, was carried out to examine how the WQvr (the ratio of stormwater inflow volume to water quality volume (WQv)) affects the wetland treatment performance. As stormwater went through the wetland, TSS (total ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Restoring environmental flow: buy-back costs and pollution-dilution as a compliance with water quality standards

    An important challenge for policymakers worldwide is how to respond to increasing water demand while still assuring healthy ecosystems via ‘environmental flows’. In the case of Chile, increasing water demand and frequent water supply shortages are putting pressure on ecosystem water requirements. On the other hand, new environmental regulations are being implemented to improve the ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Effects of the anaerobic biowaste treatment processes Management on the digestate quality (residues from Digestion/compost, process water/wastewater)

    Regarding the municipally-collected biowaste amount in Germany, a quantity of 90 - 100 kg/ per annum per citizen is registered (Gallenkemper and Doedens, 1994). That results in an annual biowaste amount of 6.3 to 7 million tons in the Federal Republic of Germany (FRG), whereby also sewage sludges and biogenic, industrial wastes are added. According to Hochrein (1994) about 3 million tons of ...


    By ORBIT e.V.

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