hard water Articles

  • How To Handle Chemical Spills & Cleanups

    FAST-ACT is designed for liquid and vapor chemical releases, but the chemicals it attacks does not need to be limited to what we traditionally think of as a chemical spill. Toxic and noxious chemicals can come from a variety of sources such as waste water, decomposition, household chemicals, and animals. Since FAST-ACT can be applied to liquid spill or vapor release enabling Emergency Responders ...


    By Fast-ACT

  • Limitation of hardness from thermal water by means of nanofiltration

    Geothermal conditions are extremely favourable in Hungary. Thermal water is accessible in 70% of the territory of the country, with a lowest temperature of 30°C. For energetic purposes, it can be utilized in two different ways: for supplying heat or generating electricity. In relation to utilization, one of the most serious problems derives from the chemical composition of thermal ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Green Water Treatment prevents scaling caused by hard water

    Fluid Dynamics has over 200,000 installations of its equipment all over the world. With applications in process industry, office blocks, hospitals, private villas, universities,oil, food and engineering companies, and clients as diverse as McDonald’s, Pfizer, and Unilever.“It is very satisfying” says Robert Spencer, Fluid Dynamics Managing Director, who, with his father founded the business in ...

  • Catalytic hard water scale prevention system saves thousands of dollars

    The Western Technology Center in Oklahoma was experiencing ongoing scaling issues in their cafeteria building requiring costly planned maintenance and chemical use.  Six Rinnai tankless water heaters had to be descaled every month with the cleaning process requiring most of one day.  The heaters are fitted with keypads that flash a “descale required” code when ...

  • Manganese (Mn) toxicity to tropical freshwater species in low hardness water

    Elevated Manganese (Mn) is a common contaminant issue for mine water discharges and previous studies have reported that its toxicity is ameliorated by H + , Ca2+ and Mg2+ ions. The toxicity of manganese (Mn) was assessed in a high risk scenario, i.e. the slightly acidic, soft waters of Magela Creek, Kakadu National Park, Northern Territory, Australia. Toxicity estimates were derived for six ...


    By John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

  • How can I measure temporary and permanent water hardness?

    Hard water is water with high levels of dissolved minerals, and usually occurs in areas where limestone and chalk are common. These minerals can be divided into two types, and so hardness is often considered in two categories – permanent and temporary water hardness. So how can we measure water hardness? Can we measure temporary and permanent ...


    By Camlab Limited

  • Effect of water hardness and pipe material on enhanced disinfection with UV light and chlorine

    Limited studies have been conducted to evaluate synergistic benefits between disinfectants, although promise has been shown between ultraviolet (UV) light and chlorine-based disinfectants. This research aimed to determine drinking water quality factors that affect potential for enhanced removal of heterotrophic bacteria due to synergy between UV light and free chlorine. An additional goal was to ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Things to Consider When Choosing A Hard Floor Cleaner

    A hard floor cleaner can be a good investment for any commercial or industrial area, provided you opt for the right kind of machine. Carpet cleaning is given a lot of focus and attention As compared to hard flooring, which sometimes gets the “step-daughterly” treatment, since these surfaces are relatively easy to wipe. If a spill can be wiped off the surface, there is a common ...


    By Daimer Industries Inc.

  • Dietary effect on GHG emissions is hard to swallow

    The news is enough to make climate campaigners choke on their high-fibre breakfast cereal: if Americans adopted the dietary guidelines suggested by their own Department of Agriculture, greenhouse gas emissions (GHGs) would actually go up by 12%. And even if Americans did what dietary ...


    By Climate News Network

  • Using Steam Cleaner Machines for Cleaning Hard Surfaces

    An efficient steam cleaner can handle the toughest grime and dirt and is one of the best cleaning machines available for hard surface cleaning. The cleaning power comes mainly from the output temperature of the machine, which can reach up to 386°F. There are a number of models incorporating the latest technologies available on the market. However, it is important to use machines which can ...


    By Daimer Industries Inc.

  • Three Tips to Use Hard Surface Furniture Cleaners

    Hard surface furniture cleaners are not the same as hard surface cleaners. Normally, we associate pressure washers with cleaning hard surfaces. These machines pump their output onto hard surfaces to blast away dirt and substances present on hard surface. This mode of operation is not suitable for cleaning furniture surfaces, no matter how hard they may be, due to two reasons. First, furniture ...


    By Daimer Industries Inc.

  • Using Steam Cleaner Machines to Clean Hard Surfaces

    An efficient steam cleaner can deal with the toughest grime and dirt and is one of the best cleaning machines available for hard surface cleaning. The cleaning power comes mainly from the output temperature of the machine, which can reach up to 386°F. There are a number of models incorporating the latest technologies available on the market. However, it is important to use machines that can ...


    By Daimer Industries Inc.

  • Large Area Hard Floor Cleaners with Reduced Noise

    Contractors are often hired to maintain cleanliness in and around hospitals, residential areas, nursing homes, schools, public libraries, and similar places. However, using conventional hard floor cleaning machines could have one drawback, the high noise levels. Therefore, contractors use machines designed to operate with reduced noise. The volume of sound generated by advanced large area hard ...


    By Daimer Industries Inc.

  • Floor Cleaning Machines for Hard Surfaces in Commercial Areas

    Floor cleaning machines for commercial applications must have ruggedness and versatility to handle cleaning operations for longer durations. The large number of choices available makes the task of choosing the right machine extremely challenging. It is important to understand that not all machines are ideal for all surfaces and in all environments. Pressure Washers Hard surface ...


    By Daimer Industries Inc.

  • What is so hard about drainage modeling?

    Drainage modeling often suffers from the misconception that it is simple, but while it appears obvious that rain water will flow to the lowest point, the physical processes involved are not always well-understood or predictable. Drainage models attempt to predict that part of the water cycle that involves rainfall and its consequences, including potential flooding. Although flooding is, at its ...


    By Innovyze

  • `South Asian monsoon variations hard to fathom`

    Understanding how the South Asian monsoon will change in response to global warming  and resolving the uncertainties in projected changes are ‘demanding tasks’ for climate science, a review says. Current state-of-the-art general circulation models have difficulty simulating the regional ...


    By SciDev.Net

  • Hard Surface Furniture Cleaners: Eliminating Grime And Allergens

    Hard surface furniture cleaners are the foremost tool for maintaining cleanliness in commercial areas, such as movie theaters, conference halls, hotels, spas, schools, libraries, and similar locations. These machines are used for cleaning wood, metal, vinyl, and other types of hard surface furniture. You need upholstery cleaners to clean entire carpets, seat fabric, and similar material. Hard ...


    By Daimer Industries Inc.

  • A Guide To Buy Large Area Hard Floor Cleaners

    Hard floor cleaning machines can be classified into small area cleaning machines and large area hard floor cleaners. What is much in the cleaning area, one might ask. The same machine that can be used to clean a small area can be used for cleaning larger areas. While it is technically true, it may not be practically feasible. What are Hard Floor Cleaning Machines? A variety of ...


    By Daimer Industries Inc.

  • Why Hard Surface Steam Cleaners With Motorized Spinners Are Ideal For Cleaning Hard Floors?

    When you need to eliminate heavy layers of grime, hard surface steam cleaners are the most convenient tools to achieve cleanliness. Think of dirty basements, grimy yards, stained bathroom tiles, and you would begin to see why these machines are high in demand at commercial locations. However, there are a lot of differences between different types hard surface steam cleaners, depending on the ...


    By Daimer Industries Inc.

  • Sources of Groundwater in Crystalline Hard Rocks of Kandy Area, Sri Lanka

    Abstract: Hydrogeological investigations were carried out to obtain sufficient information on groundwater availability in the fractured metamorphic rocks in Kandy district of Sri Lanka. 47 boreholes were drilled with the average depth of 90 metres and 24 high yielding wells were selected and long term pumping tests were carried out for each well using standard methods. The calculated total of ...


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