hardness Articles

  • Tradition dies hard

    Traditions in the way we view our environment are strongly entrenched in our collective mind, and any perturbation that could change them is usually strongly resisted.  However, change does occur [1], even though there is resistance to it, and this includes changes in the scientific process as well. Science is continually developing, with advances replacing what was previously envisioned to be ...


    By SAGE Publications

  • Integrating soft and hard risks

    All organisations need continually to improve and make efficiency savings without introducing unacceptable risks. Savings can be made by new collaborations and sharing at the interface between processes. Processes are what people do and so we use them to deliver value. We can also think and use process differently to improve performance. To identify added value we use a process map which shows ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • What Is Zero Liquid Discharge and How Does It Work?

    Not every industrial facility that produces wastewater will require zero liquid discharge (ZLD). It is usually looked to as a last resort because it can be a complex process that requires a high initial investment. If a facility is located on a site that has severe water scarcity issues and/or astronomical discharge fees, it might be ...


    By SAMCO Technologies, Inc.

  • Should energy managers worry about energy data security?

    Ah, 2016 – the year of fake news, celebrity deaths and cyber attacks, namely to the electricity grids of several countries. The biggest story came out of the United States, where the Washington Post (falsely)  ...


    By DEXMA

  • Grazing effects on yield and quality of hard red and hard white winter wheat

    Six hard red (2137, Jagalene, Jagger, OK101, Stanton, and Thunderbolt) and six hard white (Burchett, Lakin, NuFrontier, NuHills, NuHorizon, and Trego) winter wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) varieties were evaluated for grain yield and quality in southwestern Kansas in 2004 and 2005. Cattle commonly graze wheat in this region from late November to mid March in a dual-purpose system. The experimental ...

  • Characters of Soft or Hard Seal Valves

    Soft and hard seal are able to complement each other. The seal ability of soft one is better than hard one, however, hard seal now can also meet some requirements. Soft seal has better sealing ability, but can easily age, wear and has a short lifespan. Hard seal can be used longer, but has poorer sealing ability. Characters of Soft Seal Valves Soft seal: one side of the seal is ...

  • Dietary effect on GHG emissions is hard to swallow

    The news is enough to make climate campaigners choke on their high-fibre breakfast cereal: if Americans adopted the dietary guidelines suggested by their own Department of Agriculture, greenhouse gas emissions (GHGs) would actually go up by 12%. And even if Americans did what dietary ...


    By Climate News Network

  • UK energy – time to face some hard truths

    How can the UK meet its future energy needs? Tom Delay, CEO of the Carbon Trust, looks at how we can solve the problem with our energy future. The future of nuclear power in the UK looks well and truly stuck. The whole episode illustrates how high the stakes are at present for our energy future. Last month the new nuclear plant at Hinckley C was granted planning permission but we ...


    By Carbon Trust

  • Things to Consider When Choosing A Hard Floor Cleaner

    A hard floor cleaner can be a good investment for any commercial or industrial area, provided you opt for the right kind of machine. Carpet cleaning is given a lot of focus and attention As compared to hard flooring, which sometimes gets the “step-daughterly” treatment, since these surfaces are relatively easy to wipe. If a spill can be wiped off the surface, there is a common ...


    By Daimer Industries Inc.

  • `South Asian monsoon variations hard to fathom`

    Understanding how the South Asian monsoon will change in response to global warming  and resolving the uncertainties in projected changes are ‘demanding tasks’ for climate science, a review says. Current state-of-the-art general circulation models have difficulty simulating the regional ...


    By SciDev.Net

  • Desert Year: Why Is It So Hard to Care?

    Guest blogger, Energy Efficiency Markets Reposted from Real Climate Economics Why is it so hard to care about snakes? Or the desert? The climate? And especially the environment more generally? This time the snake was real.  Right there on the side of the road.  Some evenings ago, however, in the waning ...


    By Energy Efficiency Markets

  • Using Steam Cleaner Machines for Cleaning Hard Surfaces

    An efficient steam cleaner can handle the toughest grime and dirt and is one of the best cleaning machines available for hard surface cleaning. The cleaning power comes mainly from the output temperature of the machine, which can reach up to 386°F. There are a number of models incorporating the latest technologies available on the market. However, it is important to use machines which can ...


    By Daimer Industries Inc.

  • Three Tips to Use Hard Surface Furniture Cleaners

    Hard surface furniture cleaners are not the same as hard surface cleaners. Normally, we associate pressure washers with cleaning hard surfaces. These machines pump their output onto hard surfaces to blast away dirt and substances present on hard surface. This mode of operation is not suitable for cleaning furniture surfaces, no matter how hard they may be, due to two reasons. First, furniture ...


    By Daimer Industries Inc.

  • POLITICO takes a hard look at the future of energy

    In 2007, the investigative news site POLITICO launched and quickly became a go-to source for news about policy decisions coming from the nation’s capital. Now, the folks behind POLITICO are turning their lens to the U.S. energy sector with Future of Power, the inaugural special report of the Agenda, ...


    By Ensia

  • Hard Surface Furniture Cleaners: Eliminating Grime And Allergens

    Hard surface furniture cleaners are the foremost tool for maintaining cleanliness in commercial areas, such as movie theaters, conference halls, hotels, spas, schools, libraries, and similar locations. These machines are used for cleaning wood, metal, vinyl, and other types of hard surface furniture. You need upholstery cleaners to clean entire carpets, seat fabric, and similar material. Hard ...


    By Daimer Industries Inc.

  • Large Area Hard Floor Cleaners with Reduced Noise

    Contractors are often hired to maintain cleanliness in and around hospitals, residential areas, nursing homes, schools, public libraries, and similar places. However, using conventional hard floor cleaning machines could have one drawback, the high noise levels. Therefore, contractors use machines designed to operate with reduced noise. The volume of sound generated by advanced large area hard ...


    By Daimer Industries Inc.

  • Floor Cleaning Machines for Hard Surfaces in Commercial Areas

    Floor cleaning machines for commercial applications must have ruggedness and versatility to handle cleaning operations for longer durations. The large number of choices available makes the task of choosing the right machine extremely challenging. It is important to understand that not all machines are ideal for all surfaces and in all environments. Pressure Washers Hard surface ...


    By Daimer Industries Inc.

  • Limitation of hardness from thermal water by means of nanofiltration

    Geothermal conditions are extremely favourable in Hungary. Thermal water is accessible in 70% of the territory of the country, with a lowest temperature of 30°C. For energetic purposes, it can be utilized in two different ways: for supplying heat or generating electricity. In relation to utilization, one of the most serious problems derives from the chemical composition of thermal ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Soft or hard market, what lies ahead

    The past three years for the U.S. economy have been some of the worst in recent memory. Companies have struggled for survival resulting in layoffs, acquisitions, bankruptcies, restructuring and, in many unfortunate cases, the closing of shop doors. This trend has not been lost on insurance carriers, and is one of the primary reasons we are currently experiencing a “soft market.” ...


    By Waste Advantage Magazine

  • What is so hard about drainage modeling?

    Drainage modeling often suffers from the misconception that it is simple, but while it appears obvious that rain water will flow to the lowest point, the physical processes involved are not always well-understood or predictable. Drainage models attempt to predict that part of the water cycle that involves rainfall and its consequences, including potential flooding. Although flooding is, at its ...


    By Innovyze

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