hardness monitoring Articles

  • Revolutionary advances in safer tube and pipe machinery can be a direct result of the evolutionary nature of product development.

    It’s remarkable how fast changes occur in devices we utilize in our everyday lives. Living in an era of seemingly boundless innovation, new products are introduced and then continuously refined by driving forces such as competition, regulation, improved technology, liability, labor, material costs, and consumer demand. Amazingly, many life-defining inventions can progress from a creative ...


    By Tri Tool Inc.

  • Reverse Osmosis and Nanofiltration Membrane Filtration Systems: Common Problems and How to Fix Them

    Reverse osmosis (RO) and nanofiltration (NF) are membrane filtration technologies that are designed to remove solute ions and molecules from a pretreated liquid stream. Well-designed RO/NF units are compact and demand relatively little maintenance, making them an attractive alternative to conventional treatment trains. Even despite the merits of today’s efficient RO/NF technologies, it pays ...


    By SAMCO Technologies, Inc.

  • What can you achieve with a solar system and battery?

    People often ask us about energy self-sufficiency. Just how hard is it to get to that point where you no longer have to pay a large corporation each time you turn on the kettle? This will depend on your usage patterns but for most people, a mix of renewable systems is the best option. We’ve taken a look at Gabriel’s home renewable systems as an example. Perhaps unsurprisingly, Gabriel ...


    By SunGift Solar Ltd

  • Using biofilms for monitoring metal contamination in lotic ecosystems: The protective effects of hardness and pH on metal bioaccumulation

    Biofilms can make good bioindicators and biomarkers, offering a convenient tool to monitor metal contamination in streams that results from mine tailing sites. Biofilm metal content (Cu, Zn, Cd, Pb) as well as diatom diversity and the presence of teratologies (diatom abnormalities) were determined for biofilms from rivers with a variety of physico‐chemical properties across a metal ...


    By John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

  • China RoHS Phase 2: Hard data reveals a red flag

    At a time when companies are scrambling to comply with China RoHS Phase 1 requirements,  GoodBye Chain Group (GCG) has discovered an issue of high importance in regard to China RoHS Phase 2: namely, the financially risky situation that many companies will be in if a) they have used substance exemptions for EU RoHS or delayed their RoHS-conversion because their Category 8 (medical) or ...


    By The GoodBye Chain Group

  • SOLAR & BATTERY POWER PROVIDES WIRELESS SENSING AND CONTROL FOR REMOTE AND HARD-TO-REACH APPLICATIONS

    SOLAR & BATTERY POWER PROVIDES WIRELESS SENSING AND CONTROL FOR REMOTE AND HARD-TO-REACH APPLICATIONS FlexPower from Banner Engineering meets a wide variety of applications A combination of low-power sensors, long-lasting batteries, solar panels and wireless I/O devices from Banner Engineering allows wireless operation of a wide range of applications. The FlexPower system supports years of ...


    By Banner Engineering Corp.

  • Monitoring of water node in wroclaw

    Background Wroclaw's water node has complicated structure. The river Odra has 3 main riverbeds and a lot of channels which are located in the centre of town. There are almost 100 hydro buildings which control flow of the water through the city and protect it against theflood. The great flood in 1997 proved that no one has control over it. Communication systems failure caused ...


    By The OTT Hydromet Group

  • What is Long Term Noise Monitoring?

    It might sound simple, but long term noise monitoring can mean different things to different people. There is no standard definition for what long term noise monitoring is, but here is a summary that covers the basics. I first presented this presentation at the IOA Eastern Branch meeting and wanted to share my thoughts on what classes as long term noise monitoring. I’ll also discuss ...


    By Cirrus Environmental

  • Fuel Cell Voltage Monitoring Considerations

    Knowing what’s happening inside a fuel cell is a critical function, especially as fuel cells are continuing to be developed. One important aspect of this is to measure the voltageof each cell in a stack. Although this may sound trivial, it can be more complex and more expensive than it may at first appear due to high voltages, high channel counts,communication types, etc. There ...


    By Fuel Cells Etc

  • Easy payback from biogas monitoring

    There is a strong business case for biogas monitoring and CHP protection. A fixed biogas analyser may cost some £6-10,000 and monitor gas every few minutes day and night. By comparison it can save its own cost many times over by protecting CHP engines from expensive unplanned downtime, biogas engine ...


    By Geotech

  • Know About Tunnel and Environmental Monitoring

    Building a house may take a few months. Someone who has ever supervised the construction of a house must be aware that there are so many activities which are done for it. Now, think about the large construction projects. The roads, flyovers, railway tracks etc. we use today are result of rigorous hard work and planning undertaken by different construction companies. A large number of decisions ...


    By Soldata Limited

  • Monitoring vibrations, mechanical seals, and bearings for safety and performance

    With more than 70 years of experience in plastics processing, Switzerland-based Quadrant Group is a leading expert in a wide range of polymer materials and technologies for polymer conversion. In order to maintain a high level of quality in the production process, Quadrant's heat-transfer pumps must work safely and reliably. These pumps are commonly subjected to high loads. At the same time, ...


    By ALLWEILER GmbH

  • Vibration Monitors Help Protect Property During Remediation

    Vibration instrumentation on hire from Ashtead Technology helped a firm of engineering contractors to ensure that remediation of contaminated land did not incur costly structural damage to nearby properties. Part 2A of the Environmental Protection Act 1990 aims to identify land affected by contamination that presents an unacceptable risk in its present state. If such land is identified, Part 2A ...


    By Ashtead Technology Ltd

  • City of Vancouver Landfill Environmental Monitoring Program

    The City of Vancouver owns and operates the Vancouver Landfill located in Delta, British Columbia. The Vancouver Landfill is a municipal solid waste landfill receiving approximately 400,000 tonnes per year of municipal solid waste. The total area of the Landfill is 635 hectares of which approximately 225 hectares has been filled since landfill operations commenced in 1966. As part of the ...


  • The challenges and benefits of local air quality monitoring

    A new generation of air quality monitors is now being offered to provide localised, real-time air quality readings – but the potential benefit is only just starting to be realised. It is generally accepted that whilst measurements from air quality reference stations are highly accurate, they are not sufficiently location-specific. Key pollutants – such as NO2 and PM2.5 ...


    By AQMesh

  • Continuous monitoring of moisture present inside a process chamber

    Problem Statement Moisture inside a process chamber is a big silent killer during wafer production. When production yield goes down, it is hard to pinpoint the source of the problem. Most of the time wafers need to be sent to labs for analysis, while production is stopped. If the problem is related to a high level of moisture inside the reactor, there are several factors that can cause ...


    By CIC Photonics, Inc.

  • Temperature and leak monitoring boosts safety and reliability

    Amcor Flexibles Singen GmbH is a manufacturer of printed and unprinted aluminum-based packaging materials and an experienced technical applications specialist. Its plant in Germany, equipped with rolling mills and finishing equipment, turns out approximately 200 million square meters of aluminum foil in various grades every year. High-performance drying equipment is essential for Amcor’s ...


    By ALLWEILER GmbH

  • How to monitor your energy consumption effectively

    An increased need to act on energy management issues has put a priority on aM&T systems for any company wanting to monitor their energy use effectively. Rising energy costs and the current economic crisis have put an increased focus on controlling costs, providing more reasons than ever to act on energy management issues. Industrial and commercial organisations are seen themselves ...


    By Vital Efficienci Ltd.

  • Energy cost reduction through online water quality monitoring

    Find out how high water hardness affects any sort of process water facility and how we can help you decrease your plant's operational costs. ...

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