hazardous area Articles

  • Classifying Hazardous Areas

    The IEC is composed of approximately 40 countries including the United States. The purpose of the IEC is to establish standards for a wide variety of electrical products with the intent of encouraging international trade. The IEC has assigned a technical committee, TC 31, to develop recommendations covering equipment, testing procedures and classification standards for areas where the potential ...

  • MSW Management: Safely Countering the Rise of Landfill Odors

    One of the core challenges of landfill and compost site management is fighting the rise of foul odors. In addition, as communities expand further out from previous areas, they eventually become neighbors to landfills – calling for a comprehensive odor-control approach to countering odor complaints. In fact, compared to other industrial applications such as wastewater treatment and asphalt ...


    By OMI Industries (OMI)

  • Monitoring the oxygen content in bio-methane-to-grid supply

    Orbital utilise the EC91 ATEX oxygen analyser from Systech Illinois to accurately monitor the oxygen content in the purified bio-methane gas prior to it being injected into the national grid gas network In September 2010, Orbital installed the gas monitoring and treatment plant on the UK’s very first large-scale bio-methane-to-grid production facility. This site was designed specifically to ...


    By Systech Instruments Ltd

  • 10 Reasons why you should continuously monitor low temperature and liquid chemical sterilants for worker safety

    1. Sterilant chemicals are highly toxic Low temperature and liquid chemical sterilants are designed to kill all microorganisms including resistant spores and if they were not toxic, they would not be effective in sufficiently high concentration to destroy all microbial life including the chemically resistant sporicidal forms of certain ...


    By ChemDAQ, Inc.

  • Flammable Hazards

    Flammable Hazards The difference between a gas and a vapor is that vapors arise from liquids, whereas gases are normally in a gaseous state. Flammable vapors present additional sampling concerns (for example, we must prevent vapors from returning to the liquid state during sampling). The 3 Elements of Fire Three elements must be present for a flammable ...

  • Area Monitoring: Diffusion Sampling

    Indoor and outdoor gas hazards that exist in open areas are usually monitored using diffusion-type sensors. A diffusion sensor has no active sample-drawing system; diffusion sensors rely on the ambient air movement and pressure to deliver the sample to the sensing element. Diffusion-type sensors are a reliable and cost-effective way to monitor open area gas hazards. When installing diffusion ...

  • MEGATRENDS influencing rural areas

    At the time we have several worldwide mega trends – maybe more mega problems – like: CO² increase and climate change (increase of the avg. temperature of 1° in 100 years), population growth (1960–2043 from 3 to 9 Bio people, in 250 years from 1 to 10) and urbanization (in 2030 60% of the population will live in urban areas), bio energy versus food and food ...


    By PROGIS Software GmbH

  • Potential use of transport and dispersion model output to supplement Allied Tactical Publication–45 hazard area prediction templates

    Allied Tactical Publication–45(C) is the current US and NATO command doctrine for Nuclear, Chemical and Biological (NBC) events. ATP–45 is designed to warn military populations of NBC hazard by providing area–warning templates based on NBC messages. ATP–45 is designed to produce a single 2–hour hazard area template that accounts for wind speed fluctuations, but it ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Comparison of hazard area and casualty predictions of a small-scale chemical attack using various toxic load toxicity models

    It has been observed that the toxic load model can better account for toxic effects from chemical exposures than Haber’s law. However, the toxic load model has been experimentally validated only for steady exposures. We compare four proposed extensions of the toxic load model to the case of time-varying exposures. We conclude that the choice of the toxic load model can be important in ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • INTRINSICALLY SAFE WIRELESS MONITORING AND CONTROL NODES ARE CERTIFIED WORLDWIDE FOR USE IN HAZARDOUS AREAS

    INTRINSICALLY SAFE WIRELESS MONITORING AND CONTROL NODES ARE CERTIFIED WORLDWIDE FOR USE IN HAZARDOUS AREAS DX99 FlexPower nodes from Banner Engineering are available in metal housing for gas and dust atmospheres A series of intrinsically safe wireless communication nodes certified for worldwide use in explosive gas or dust atmospheres is available from Banner Engineering. The nodes interface ...


    By Banner Engineering Corp.

  • The Area Source Mact/Gact Challenge

    Dozens of new federal rules, regulating over 180 Hazardous Air Pollutants for relatively small sources, present a new and unique challenge for the air pollution profession. Over the past two decades, a large number of federal regulations have been adopted to control Hazardous Air Pollutants (HAPs) originating from a wide range of source categories from the corner dry cleaner to petroleum ...

  • How to Assess Fall Hazards

    Fall hazards are an ongoing concern in most workplaces and include both falls from heights as well as falls from the same level. Slips, trip and falls from both categories consistently rank among the top causes of both disabling injuries and deaths in all types of workplaces, from construction sites, to manufacturing operations to warehouses to offices. In fact, the only other category of ...


    By SafetySmart

  • Flood hazard maps

    Flood hazard maps have to be developed for areas, which have been identified in the preliminary flood risk assessment. For certain flood frequencies the extent and the water depth, the flow velocity or the relevant water flow have to be mapped. Flood frequencies consider (2007/60/EC): floods with a low probability, or extreme event ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Safety and hazards in CCS projects

    Carbon capture and storage is now on the technological tipping point – it has reached critical mass with one large-scale, fully integrated power project now almost operational at the SaskPower Boundary Dam project in Canada, using enhanced oil recovery. In the UK, following the announcements of progress at two projects, Peterhead and White Rose, the government’s competition process ...


    By Energy Institute (EI)

  • Frostbite And Hypothermia Hazards

    Hypothermia and frostbite can be two of the serious consequences of working outdoors in winter weather. Hypothermia is a dangerous lowering of the body’s temperature by exposure to cold or wet conditions. Actually, the air temperature doesn’t have to be particularly low to cause hypothermia – just getting wet and chilled can do the same thing. Hypothermia can be fatal. ...


    By SafetySmart

  • Nanotechnology – what is it? are there hazards?

    This is the first of a series articles on the emerging field of Nanotechnology. What is it? In short – small! Very small! Very, very small! Nanotechnology comes from the prefix Nano which, in English, means 1/billionth, just as micro means 1/millionth. So Nanotechnology involves 2 things: 1) extremely small man-made materials – some even as small as 1 atom thick, ...


    By Atlantic Environmental, Inc.

  • Toxic and Hazardous Materials in Electronics

    Untitled Document Introduction In October 2000 Environment Canada released a report called Information Technology (IT) and Telecommunications (Telecom) ...

  • Hazardous Waste Disposal

    Untitled Document Overview We're all aware of the importance of following safety precautions when we work with hazardous chemicals. ...


  • Management of Hazardous Wastes

    ' Management of hazardous waste is a growing concern in many countries. The long-term impacts and costs of improper disposal can be very high and the emphasis must be on prevention. A comprehensive management system should include (i) policies, institutions and effective regulations and (ii) adequate and acceptable disposal facilities (either public or private). This note outlines the key ...


    By The World Bank

  • Radiological hazard indices due to activity concentrations of natural radionuclides in farm soils from two high background radiation areas in Nigeria

    Abeokuta and Jos Plateau, towns in the southwestern and northern parts of Nigeria, respectively, are situated in areas of high background radiation. The use of farm soil for the construction of dwellings by local residents and for agricultural purposes in these areas may present scenarios for both enhanced external and internal exposure pathways to the population. In order to assess the gamma ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

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