heated anemometer Articles

  • Why Does the Non-Orthogonal Sonic Anemometer Underestimate

    The performance of non-orthogonal sonic anemometers has been the subject of much discussion in recent years.  It followed findings that they underestimated vertical winds and vertical heat fluxes by 10-15%.  For agricultural and forestry scientists who depended on them for their large-scale energy balance studies this was a bad surprise.  They had collected turbulence data from ...

  • Flow measurement technology comparison: GA5000 Vs Hot Wire Anemometer

    A typical landfill or contaminated land site under investigation will comprise of a suitable number of gas monitoring wells, with a planned series of monitoring visits.  The monitoring will include gas flow measurements, which together with methane and carbon dioxide concentrations will be used to calculate gas screening values (GSV) and hence allow the determination of whether any gas ...


    By Geotech

  • Some thoughts on in-situ flux measurement in the atmospheric surface layer

    Due to its complexity, the state of a turbulent atmosphere can only be described using statistical quantities such as means, variances, and covariances. Computation of these statistical quantities, particularly those of higher order, must be done with considerable care. This is particularly true if the statistics are used to depict heat and momentum fluxes. This note contains considerations that ...

  • A simple methodology for surface layer characterization during diabatic extremes

    Increased global environmental awareness has fostered widespread use of remote automated weather station (RAWS) networks to monitor meteorological conditions, and reliance on atmospheric dispersion modeling for decisions concerning pollutant dispersion. Dispersion models require as input a characterization of surface layer (SL) heat and momentum fluxes and turbulence. Characterization of these ...

  • Technology white paper: immersible thermal dispersion

    Thermal dispersion mass flowmeters comprise a family of instruments for the measurement of the total mass flow rate of a fluid, primarily gases, flowing through closed conduits. The operation of thermal dispersion mass flowmeters is attributed to L.V. King who, in 1914 (Ref. 1). published his famous King's Law revealing how a heated wire immersed in a fluid flow measures the mass velocity at a ...


    By Sierra Instruments, Inc.

  • Industrial thermal mass flow meters Pt.1 -Pt.2 - measurement & control

    An industrial thermal mass flowmeter measures either the mass velocity at a point in a flowing gas or the total mass flow rate through a channel or pipe. Figure 1 shows a typical thermal mass flow sensing element. It consists of two sensors: a mass flow sensor and a temperature sensor, which automatically corrects for changes in gas temperature. Both sensors are reference- grade platinum ...


    By Sierra Instruments, Inc.

  • How RNRG`s Hybrid XT Solutions Can Keep Your Turbine Output from Freezing Over This Winter

    At RNRG’s headquarters in Hinesburg, Vermont, the hillsides are painted with the vibrant hues of autumn. While breathtakingly beautiful, nature’s colorful display is also a reminder that winter is right around the corner. As the first frost looms, now is the perfect time to consider Hybrid XT Turbine Control ...


    By Renewable NRG Systems

  • Amassing Wind Information

    Wind is a variable resource, but not an indecipherable one. Second Wind encourages harnessing the full range of wind sensing technologies that are available today. When it comes to wind information, much attention is focused on the choice of wind measurement technology and data collection practices in wind resource assessment and project design. Right now, wind data plays a limited role in the ...


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