heavy metals bioremediation Articles

  • Bioremediation of soil

    In our experience, Bioremediation is best accomplished with Bio-augmentation, the addition of large numbers of selected micro-organisms grown in the production laboratory. In addition to bio-augmentation, several physical and chemical parameters must be controlled in order to obtain optimal growth and maximum degradation of soil contaminants. The major factors that are controlled during ...

  • The Bioremediation Process

    Bioremediation allows natural processes to clean up harmful chemicals in the environment. Microscopic 'bugs' or microbes that live in soil and groundwater like to eat certain harmful chemicals, such as those found in gasoline and oil spills. When microbes completely digest these chemicals, they change them into water and harmless gases such as carbon dioxide. In order for microbes to clean up ...


  • Enhanced Bioremediation

    Introduction Enhanced bioremediation is a process in which indigenous or inoculated micro-organisms (e.g., fungi, bacteria, and other microbes) degrade (metabolize) organic contaminants found in soil and/or ground water, converting them to innocuous end products. Nutrients, oxygen, or other amendments may be used to enhance bioremediation and contaminant desorption from subsurface materials. ...

  • Bioremediation of heavy metal contaminated aqueous solution by using red algae Porphyra leucosticta

    Bioremediation is an effective process for the removal and recovery of heavy metal ions from aqueous solutions. In this study, red algae Porphyra leucosticta was examined to remove Cd(II) and Pb(II) ions from wastewater through biological enrichment and biological precipitation. The experimental parameters that affect the bioremediation process such as pH, contact time and biomass dosage were ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Bioremediation Technologies for Marine Sediments

      USA – Baltic International Symposium on Advances in Marine Environmental Research, Monitoring and Technologies. Klaipeda, Lithuania. June 15-17, 2004 Global commerce relies heavily on waterborne transportation. Innovative, economical and environmentally sound ways to manage ...


  • An Introduction to Bioremediation and its Applications

    A variety of toxic chemicals, metals, and effluents are created and used in industrial processes. These elements need to be degraded to ensure that they do not harm the environment when disposed. A specialized process and equipment are required to perform this task. This is where bioremediation comes in. What is Bioremediation, and what are its Types? In simple ...


    By HPI Processes, Inc.

  • Impact of heavy metals on the oil products biodegradation process

    Oil products continue to be used as a principal source of energy. Wide-scale production, transport, global use and disposal of petroleum have made them major contaminants in prevalence and quantity in the environment. In accidental spills, actions are taken to remove or remediate or recover the contaminants immediately, especially if they occur in environmentally sensitive areas, for example, in ...


    By SAGE Publications

  • Surfactant enhanced bioremediation (SEB)

    Surfactant Enhanced Bioremediation (SEB®) using Ivey-sol® involve the use of Ivey-sol formulations which are patented non-ionic surfactant mixtures used in the in-situ and ex-situ treatment of petroleum hydrocarbons, heavy metals, and more recently radioactive type contaminated waste. These surfactant formulations have the ability to enhance soil biodegradation. During In-situ and Ex-situ ...


    By Ivey International Inc.

  • In situ bioremediation of pesticides in soil and groundwater

    This article provides a summary of the Adventus Group’s experience with treatment of organochlorine pesticides (OCPs) in soil and groundwater using DARAMEND® and EHC® bioremediation amendments. The firm has offered DARAMEND for treatment of recalcitrant compounds in soil for more than ten years in both ex situ and in-situ applications. Since OCPs bind strongly to the soil matrix, ...


  • The In Situ Bioremediation/Groundwater Remediation Process

    In-situ groundwater bioremediation is a technology that encourages growth and reproduction of indigenous microorganisms to enhance biodegradation of organic constituents in the saturated zone. In-situ groundwater bioremediation can effectively degrade organic constituents which are dissolved in groundwater and adsorbed onto the aquifer matrix. The Adventus In Situ Bioremediation/Groundwater ...


  • Use of aquatic plants in removing heavy metals from wastewater

    Phytotechnologies involving use of plants for pollutant removal gained importance during the last two decades. Terrestrial and aquatic plants possess high metal sorption capacity, and hence find their use as inexpensive materials for removing metals from environment. Aquatic biomass irrespective living or dead, exhibits capacity to remove heavy metals from wastewater. The sequestration of heavy ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Heavy metal resistant anaerobic bacterial strains from brewery digester sludge

    This work focused on the study of the types of heavy–metal–resistant anaerobic bacteria from the sludge of a brewery wastewater treatment plant exposed to high concentrations of dissolved Cd (II), Cu (II) and Zn (II). Characterisations were carried out by polymerase chain reaction of the 16S rRNA gene of bacterial strain. Using special culture media, two types of strong heavy metal–resistant ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Innovative Uses of Compost Bioremediation and Pollution Prevention.

    Introduction Each year agricultural effluents, industrial residues, and industrial accidents contaminate surface waters, soils, air, streams, and reservoirs. A new compost technology, known as compost bioremediation, is currently being used to restore contaminated soils, manage stormwater, control odors, and degrade volatile organic compounds (VOCs).Compost bioremediation refers to the use ...


  • Innovative Uses of Compost Bioremediation and Pollution Prevention

    Each year agricultural effluents, industrial residues, and industrial accidents contaminate surface waters, soils, air, streams, and reservoirs. A new compost technology, known as compost bioremediation, is currently being used to restore contaminated soils, manage stormwater, control odors, and degrade volatile organic compounds (VOCs). Compost bioremediation refers to the use of a biological ...

  • Full-Scale Bioremediation of Organic Explosive-Contaminated Soil

    Untitled Document In August 2001, the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers (USACE) initiated full-scale bioremediation of 6,000 yd3 of organic explosive-impacted soil at the Iowa ...


  • Surfactant desorption is key to successful PAH bioremediation

    Formulations which are patented non-ionic surfactant mixtures used in the in situ and ex situ treatment of petroleum hydrocarbons, chlorinated solvents, heavy metals, and more recently PAHs, PCBs and MTBE type contaminated waste are involved in Surfactant Enhanced Bioremediation (SEB®) using Iveysol ®. These surfactant formulations have the ability to enhance soil biodegradation. During in ...


    By Ivey International Inc.

  • Resistance to heavy metals and bioaccumulation of lead and zinc by Chryseobacterium solincola strain 1YB-R12T isolated from soil

    A novel species of the genus Chryseobacterium which was isolated from soil, has been studied for resistance to heavy metals (lead, chromium, nickel, zinc, cadmium, copper and cobalt), antibiotic and its capacities for bioaccumulation of lead and zinc. It exhibited high minimal inhibitory concentration (MIC) values for metal ions tested ranging from 75 mg/l to 500 mg/l and antibiotic ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Anaerobic Bioremediation of Acid Mine Drainage using Emulsified Soybean Oil

    Batch incubation and flow-through column experiments were conducted to evaluate the use of emulsified soybean oil for in situ treatment of acid mine drainage. Addition of soybean oil, soluble substrates, and a microbial inoculum to the batch incubations resulted in complete depletion of SO4, 50% reduction in Fe, and an increase in pH to >6. A one time injection of emulsified soybean oil, lactate, ...


    By EOS Remediation, LLC

  • A Tale of Two Sites - Enhanced Bioremediation of Explosives Impacted Soils

    The problem with OE compounds in soil A variety of organic explosive (OE) compounds have been used for military, geological and industrial applications throughout North America, and in most industrialized nations. During their manufacture, formulation and storage, these compounds have migrated to the soil. Compounds such as 2,4,6-trinitrotoluene (TNT), hexahydro-1,3,5-trinitro-1,3,5-triazine ...


  • Bioremediation of copper mine waste: a case study from Mosaboni copper mines, Eastern India

    The concentrations of different forms of heavy metals were determined in a mine dump rich in chalcopyrite, pyrite, pyrrhotite, molybdenite and other sulphide minerals. A pilot scale study was conducted by transporting 14 tons of copper tailings from Mosaboni mines and exposed to natural weathering conditions and normal plant colonisation for one year. After one year different forms of metals were ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

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