heavy metals contaminated soil stabilization Articles

  • Stability and environmental geochemical profile of toxic heavy metals in soils around a crude oil refinery

    Soil samples were taken near oil refinery activities, bulk and fractionated heavy metal contents, as well as other physico-chemical characteristics were measured. The reported results indicate that the enrichment factors of the measured heavy metals were 3.9, 1.8, 1.3, 23.7 and 52.5 for lead, nickel, zinc, cadmium and mercury, respectively. The samples can be considered to be extremely ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Properties and Behavior of Inorganics in Contaminated Soil

    Often, specific technologies may be ruled out, or the list of potential technologies may be immediately narrowed, on the basis of the presence or absence of one or more of the chemical groups. The relative amounts of each may tend to favor certain technologies. Metals may be found in the elemental form, but more often they are found as salts mixed in the soil. At the present time, treatment ...

  • In Situ Solidification/Stabilization

    Introduction Solidification/stabilization (S/S) reduces the mobility of hazardous substances and contaminants in the environment through both physical and chemical means. Unlike other remedial technologies, S/S seeks to trap or immobilize contaminants within their 'host' medium (i.e., the soil, sand, and/or building materials that contain them), instead of removing them through chemical or ...

  • Soil Washing

    Introduction: Soil washing is a water-based process for scrubbing soils ex situ to remove contaminants. The process removes contaminants from soils in one of two ways: By dissolving or suspending them in the wash solution (which can be sustained by chemical manipulation of pH for a period of time). By concentrating them into a smaller volume of soil through particle size ...

  • Data Requirements for Soil, Sediment, and Sludge

    Site soil conditions frequently limit the selection of a treatment process. Process-limiting characteristics such as pH or moisture content may sometimes be adjusted. In other cases, a treatment technology may be eliminated based upon the soil classification (e.g., particle-size distribution) or other soil characteristics. Soils are inherently variable in their physical and chemical ...

  • Common Treatment Technologies for Inorganics in Soil, Sediment, and Sludge

    The most commonly used treatment technologies for inorganics in soil, sediment, and sludge include solidification/stabilization (S/S), excavation and off-site disposal, and acid extraction. These treatment technologies are described briefly below. Solidification processes produce monolithic blocks of waste with high structural integrity. The contaminants do not necessarily interact chemically ...

  • Common Treatment Technologies for Radionuclides in Soil, Sediment, and Sludge

    Unlike organic contaminants (and similar to metals), radionuclides cannot be destroyed or degraded; therefore, remediation technologies applicable to radionuclides involve separation, concentration/volume reduction, and/or immobilization. The most commonly used treatment technology for radionuclides in soil, sediment, and sludge is solidification/stabilization (S/S). This treatment technology is ...

  • Simultaneous removal of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons and copper from soils using ethyl lactate-Amended EDDS solution

    A new approach using aqueous ethyl lactate-modified [S,S]-ethylenediaminedisuccinic acid (EDDS) washing solutions was examined in the laboratory for the simultaneous removal of phenanthrene, pyrene, and Cu from contaminated soils. Ethyl lactate demonstrated greater solubilization efficiency for phenanthrene and pyrene than ethanol. Thus ethyl lactate has a great potential for extracting ...

  • Soil physico-chemical changes following application of municipal solid waste leachates to grasslands

    AbstractConcerns about the use of residues from municipal solid waste incinerators (MSWI) in construction materials usually focus on the potential for heavy metals and organic chemicals to leach into drainage waters under the influence of rain. We hypothesised that high level of salts in the MSWI leachates may cause more of a problem, particularly on soil physico-chemical properties. Both bottom ...


  • Innovative Uses of Compost Bioremediation and Pollution Prevention.

    Introduction Each year agricultural effluents, industrial residues, and industrial accidents contaminate surface waters, soils, air, streams, and reservoirs. A new compost technology, known as compost bioremediation, is currently being used to restore contaminated soils, manage stormwater, control odors, and degrade volatile organic compounds (VOCs).Compost bioremediation refers to the use ...


  • Innovative Uses of Compost Bioremediation and Pollution Prevention

    Each year agricultural effluents, industrial residues, and industrial accidents contaminate surface waters, soils, air, streams, and reservoirs. A new compost technology, known as compost bioremediation, is currently being used to restore contaminated soils, manage stormwater, control odors, and degrade volatile organic compounds (VOCs). Compost bioremediation refers to the use of a biological ...

  • Composting

    Introduction Composting is a controlled biological process by which organic contaminants (e.g., PAHs) are converted by microorganisms (under aerobic and anaerobic conditions) to innocuous, stabilized byproducts. Typically, thermophilic conditions (54 to 65 °C) must be maintained to properly compost soil contaminated with hazardous organic contaminants. The increased temperatures result from heat ...

  • Enhanced Bioremediation

    Introduction Enhanced bioremediation is a process in which indigenous or inoculated micro-organisms (e.g., fungi, bacteria, and other microbes) degrade (metabolize) organic contaminants found in soil and/or ground water, converting them to innocuous end products. Nutrients, oxygen, or other amendments may be used to enhance bioremediation and contaminant desorption from subsurface materials. ...

  • Pyrolysis

    Introduction: Pyrolysis is formally defined as chemical decomposition induced in organic materials by heat in the absence of oxygen. In practice, it is not possible to achieve a completely oxygen-free atmosphere; actual pyrolytic systems are operated with less than stoichiometric quantities of oxygen. Because some oxygen will be present in any pyrolytic system, nominal oxidation will occur. If ...

  • Compost Markets Grow With Environmental Applications

    The use of compost in various environmental applications is one of the most intensive areas of compost research being pursued today. The high organic matter content and biological activity of compost makes it effective for use in a variety of applications. Five of these will be reviewed in this article: erosion control, revegetation, biofiltration, bioremediation, and wetlands construction. ...


    By BioCycle Magazine

  • Bulk reactive media utilized in sediment cap remedy for large-scale remediation project case study

    Project: West Branch Grand Calumet River Reach 1-2, Roxana Marsh Legacy Location: East Chicago. IN Products: Organoclay2 PM-199 Background: in 2011. clean up began on Reach 1 and Roxana Marsh in the West Branch of the Grand Calumet River. This project involved mechanical and hydraulic dredging and removal of 222,000 cubic ...


    By CETCO

  • Thermal Desorption

    Untitled Document Introduction: ...

  • Common Treatment Technologies for Inorganics in Ground Water, Surface Water, and Leachate

    It may be necessary to know other subsurface information to remediate inorganics in ground water, surface water, and leachate. Treatability studies are usually necessary to ensure that the contaminated ground water can be treated effectively at the design flow. A subsurface geologic characterization would be particularly important to characterize the effects of adsorption and other processes of ...

  • Incineration

    Introduction: High temperatures, 870 to 1,200 °C (1,400 to 2,200 °F), are used to volatilize and combust (in the presence of oxygen) halogenated and other refractory organics in hazardous wastes. Often auxiliary fuels are employed to initiate and sustain combustion. The destruction and removal efficiency (DRE) for properly operated incinerators exceeds the 99.99% requirement for hazardous waste ...

  • Closures of mine a new challenge for Romania

    AbstractThe mining activity is one of the oldest activity in Romania, dating from the year 100 B.C. The gold and silver ores represented one of the riches of our country. In time the economic content of metals diminuend, and the ore mines become non profitable. Due to this situation the best option of the State was the closure and ecological rehabilitation of the mines.The steps for the ...


Need help finding the right suppliers? Try XPRT Sourcing. Let the XPRTs do the work for you