horizontal drilling Articles

  • Horizontal drilling

    Summary: Horizontal drilling is used to install pipes for cables etc under obstacles such as buildings, rivers, roads etc. The drilling operation can be considerably delayed if the depth of drilling is chosen to coincide with underground ...


    By Advanced Geosciences, Inc.

  • Horizontal Directional Drilling - A Green and Sustainable Remediation Remedy

    Interest in using sustainable practices and technologies for environmental cleanup has increased notably within the past few years. The US EPA and many states have published recommended practices to reduce the environmental footprint of cleanup operations, and many consultants and contractors are attempting to “go green” in contaminated site remediation. It makes sense to conserve ...

  • Drilling Mud in Horizontal Directional Crossing Project

    Horizontal Directional Crossing Project has a not long development in the country and even the world. But in recent years, pipeline horizontal directional crossing has been great development, large-scale construction of oil and gas pipelines across the length and across the diameter of the continuous creation of new records. In horizontal directional crossing project, the drilling mud play a very ...


  • Soil Sampling under Buildings and Solving Vapor Intrusion using Horizontal Drilling

    The Issue: The New Jersey Department of Environmental Protection (NJDEP) mandated soil and groundwater sampling under an active pharmaceutical company manufacturing building in order to address vapor intrusion inside the building. Installation of vertical borings and wells through the building slab was not practicable without profound disruption of manufacturing activities inside the building. ...

  • Air and Ozone Sparging of TCE Using a Directionally Drilled Horizontal Well

    A one year pilot test was performed at Marine Corps Base, Camp Lejeune to evaluate the performance of air and ozone-enhanced air sparging via a horizontal well. The primary contaminant at the site is trichloroethylene (TCE), with concentrations ranging from 200 to 800 μg/L at a primary target depth of 40 to 45 feet below ground surface (bgs). Site geology consists of silty clay overburden, ...


    By CH2M Hill Companies, Ltd.

  • Horizontal Wells - Technology Overview

    Horizontal well technology has been incorporated into many current environmental remediation applications (and associated contaminants), such as in situ bioremediation, air sparging, vacuum extraction, soil flushing, free product recovery, etc. Ac cording to information reviewed, this technology is most applicable to sites with relatively shallow soil and/or groundwater contamination, and can ...

  • Evaluation of a Horizontal Well

    Background: Air Sparging Air sparging is an in-situ remediation technology where air is injected into the saturated zone of an aquifer. It is an alternative to conventional ex-situ pump and treat systems for remediation of contaminated ground water. It is necessary to understand the pattern of air flow that will occur in the subsurface in order to determine the optimal placement, ...

  • The “Straight Skinny” on bentonite-based drilling muds & their standard practice use in the horizontal remediation well industry

    Let’s make our point up front: 1) bentonite-based drilling fluid is NOT bad for horizontal remediation well (HRW) projects; 2) it does not damage the formation; 3) it is a naturally occurring clay material that is mined; and 4) it does flush easily/adequately during well development. Most remediation professionals have designed and/or installed vertical wells at one time or another ...

  • Time-Tested Advantages of Horizontal Wells

    Wells are wells are wells, right? Both conventional vertical wells and directionally drilled horizontal wells have a screened casing that is connected to solid riser casing which leads to the ground surface. Groundwater or soil vapor is drawn through a well screen to remove contaminants. Remediation agents such as air, bioamendmnents or potassium permanganate are injected through a well screen to ...

  • Centrifuge Technology in Drilling Fluid Recycling

    Drilling fluid additives and the water that contains them are an essential part and expense of successfully completing a horizontal directional drilling (HDD) installation, and the longer the bore and larger the product being installed, the more drilling fluids cost. Therefore, it makes economic sense to recycle drilling fluids by removing cuttings and recirculating the cleaned ...


    By Elgin Separation Solutions

  • How much does a Horizontal Remediation Well cost?

    In the early days of horizontal remediation wells, the estimated costs made many projects completely unfeasible. However, with the advance of technology in directional drilling and innovative solutions within the environmental industry, this technology is becoming affordable and practical. Like most environmental projects, the cost of a Horizontal Remediation Well will depend on the size and ...

  • Key Elements of a Successful Horizontal Remediation System

    Environmental remediation professionals around the country (and internationally) are rapidly learning that Horizontal Remediation Systems are an essential “tool in their remediation toolbox”. When designed and executed by experienced horizontal environmental drilling experts, Horizontal Remediation Systems can be extremely effective at achieving rapid site closure compared to vertical ...

  • Bioaugmentation by horizontal injection to remediate petroleum in tight soils

    In situ remediation is a contact sport, requiring contact between the microbes and contamination. Clay-rich soils are particularly challenging as the low permeability limits effective distribution of inoculants. While numerous closely-spaced injection points can improve the distribution of inoculants, this approach is usually not possible at active properties. Horizontal drilling was used on the ...


    By CL Solutions, LLC

  • Horizontal Remediation Wells used in order to preserve military security

    Project Description: Remediate a plume of trichloroethylene (TCE) under multiple military buildings by air sparging (AS) and soil vapor extraction (SVE). There are two target zones: the shallow zone is approximately 70' below grounds surface (bgs) and 20' below this is the deep zone. The plume was located under multiple buildings comprising an area of approximately 150,000 SF. Scope of Work: ...

  • DTI installs 3 blind horizontal remediation wells in cobble

    The Issue An active retail gas station next to a wetland area has benzene and trimethylbenzene plumes in a water table aquifer containing sand, gravel and cobbles. Rock fragments and boulders several feet in diameter lie in the vadose zone, between the ground surface and the water table. Business at the gas station would slow down or stop for an extended period of time if a vertical ...

  • Determination of horizontal in-situ stresses and natural fracture properties from wellbore deformation

    Accurate and low-cost information on in-situ stresses and fracture properties is critical in reducing well costs and increasing well recoveries. In this paper, a hybrid model based on the displacement back analysis is proposed for determining the in-situ stress magnitudes and fracture properties at the wellbore scale using wellbore displacements. The new methodology is an integration of ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Why Bentonite Hurts Well Production: The Case for Biopolymer Drilling Fluid

    Bentonite is a naturally-occurring clay material, largely composed of the mineral, sodium mont-morillonite. The dominant property of bentonite is that it swells to many times its dry volume when hydrated by water, forming a viscous fluid with high gel strength. This makes bentonite an excellent product when used as a sealant, for preventing the influx of surface water into a well, sealing ...

  • Directional drill resale values and how to get the most for your rig

    Wide resale value disparity among brands There’s a lot to consider when purchasing or leasing a horizontal directional drill — features, durability, support, training and overall value. But one area often overlooked is the potential resale value of the unit. Too often contractors will overlook the potential value of the machine after its useful life in their ...


    By Vermeer

  • Directional Technologies, Inc. conducts unique horizontal remediation well installation in Railroad Yard

    The Issue The Long Island Rail Road (LIRR) Morris Park Yard, located at the Intersection of Atlantic Avenue and 121st Street in Queens, New York, is a historic rail yard with one of the only operating turntables in the USA. The Morris Park Yard has been used to repair and refuel engines for over 100 years. Today, it continues to serve one of the nation’s busiest regional rail ...

  • Horizontal Air Sparge Wells Solve Access Limitations beneath Air Field Tarmac

    Air Force Base tarmac is a double-edged sword with respect to environmental remediation. Concrete thicker than at commercial airports virtually eliminates infiltration and limits migration of jet fuel constituents in groundwater, but source material in the vadose zone remains indefinitely, extending the life of the groundwater plume. Horizontal air sparge wells are an effective means of ...

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