household waste treatment Articles

  • Presence and survival of fungi and clostridium Tyrobutyricum during anaerobic treatment of organic household waste

    Today the anaerobic microbial process of biogas formation is more into focus than ever. This interest is due to the fact that is offers the community means of fulfilling several obligations: treatment of organic wastes, recirculation of nutrients between urban and rural areas and production of renewable energy. Presently, several Swedish cities have built centralised biogas plants, treating ...


    By ORBIT e.V.

  • Facility location planning for treatment of large household appliances in Spain

    A two-step approach is presented for strategic planning of recycling systems for discarded electronic products. In a first step, the appropriateness of municipalities for the installation of recycling facilities is evaluated based on economic, infrastructural, and legal location criteria applying a Multi-Attribute Decision-Making procedure (PROMETHEE). In a second step, interdependencies of ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Alternative sanitation options for households and communities

    The resource-intensive wastewater collection and treatment systems found in many parts of the developed world are not feasible for meeting the sanitation[1] needs of the less developed regions still lacking or having poor sanitation.  Establishment and maintenance costs are high and large amounts of energy are ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Survey and evaluation of household solid waste generation and compositions in Kuwait

    The objective of this study was to carry out a field survey of the solid waste generation profile in Kuwait. In addition, the paper examines the compatibility between household-estimated and landfill site-measured percent compositions of the daily solid waste. The true composition of daily household waste was determined via measurements of random waste trucks at the landfill sites. Hand sorting ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • An overview of current household waste management in Indonesia: development of a new integrated strategy

    One of the main problems of current socio–economic activities in Indonesia is how to deal with the increasing amounts of household waste generated in urban areas. This paper discusses the main issues of the current management of household waste in Indonesia and analyses its socio–economic factors as well as introduces a new strategy to utilise and reduce household waste for current and future ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Study on Hazardous Household Waste with a main Emphasis on Hazardous Chemicals

    Introduction The aim of this study is to evaluate national experiences of the management of hazardous products likely to become hazardous household waste (HHW), and to make proposals for strategies for the appropriate management of such products within a lifecycle perspective. The study covers the fifteen Member States and two Accession Countries, namely Hungary and Romania. The data available at ...

  • Sources and levels of potentially toxic elements in the biodegradable fraction of autoclaved non-segregated household waste and its compost/digestate

    Waste that reflected the average UK composition of household waste was treated by autoclaving at the three set pressure/temperature levels of 2.7 bar/130 °C, 6.2 bar/160 °C and 15.5 bar/200 °C. The biodegradable fraction of the autoclaved household waste ('floc') was manually separated by screening and underwent characterization for its Cd, Cr, Cu, Pb, Hg, Ni, and Zn content. Autoclaving did not ...


    By SAGE Publications

  • Waste Water Treatment Processes Explained

    SUNCOAST WASTE WATER MANAGEMENT  presents  AEROBIC -verses- ANAEROBIC THE AEROBIC PROCESS There are two basic types of sewerage treatment processes, which are the Aerobic process and the Anaerobic process. Aerobic means with air or oxygen and Anaerobic (septic) means without air or oxygen. Aerobic bacteria are a higher life form and when digesting waste are utilising dissolved oxygen or air in ...

  • Composition and Contaminant Loads of Residual Household Waste Part III: Physico-Chemical Properties and Contaminant Concentrations

    Abstract. Physico-chemical properties of residual waste are key factors for disposal standards. Reliable input data for treatment plants (MSWI) need to consider the heterogeneity and variability of waste composition. This requires thoroughly designed sampling schemes, a consistent separation of bulk waste into uniform fractions, and adequate methods for sample preparation and analysis. The ...


    By Oracle Crystal Ball GBU

  • The state of composting and biological waste treatment in the UK

    In 2005/06 3.4 million tonnes of source segregated waste was composted, an increase of 28% on the previous year. 85% was municipal waste, with just over half of this collected at civic amenity sites Less than one per cent of municipal waste was kitchen waste collected at the kerbside 65% of waste composted was composted at dedicated composting / biological treatment sites, with 10% on farm and ...

  • Waste in the Netherlands

    Household waste More than 10% of waste arisings in the Netherlands consists of household waste. The local authorities are responsible for collecting this category of waste. A set of rules compels the local authorities to collect separately organic household waste, glass, paper and board, textiles and small chemical waste. The policy aims at giving producers more responsibility for their products ...


  • Septic tank treatment explained

    Your septic tank acts as the collection point for your household sewage. It provides a holding area to allow the waste to settle and for micro-organisms to break down, liquefy and deodourise the organic matter.  The process is entirely biological and needs the presence of a healthy colony of bacteria and fungi to operate successfully. Why Problems Arise Modern cleaning agents ...


    By Cleveland Biotech Ltd.

  • Mechanical biological treatment trends

    Composting mixed municipal solid waste has a long tradition in Germany. In 1953, the first large-scale facilities in Baden-Baden and Blaubeuren started operating, followed later by plants in Heidelberg, Duisburg and other locations across the western part of Germany. Facilities were being opened to provide alternatives to landfilling MSW, and to produce compost for agricultural use. The quality ...


    By BioCycle Magazine

  • Hazardous Waste Management

    In today’s environment, there is a need for efficient Hazardous Waste Management (HWM) to manage the transportation, treatment, storage, and disposal of huge quantity of generated Hazardous Waste (HW) from industrial and commercial facilities as well as from smaller household sources as they can also pose an immediate and significant threat to environment and personnel. This article ...

  • Gasplasma transformation of waste streams

    The Gasplasma process developed by Advanced Plasma Power is an advanced thermal conversion (ATC) technology which has been developed for the treatment of a wide range of organic and inorganic wastes, including household wastes, hade wastes, wastes derived from landfill, and biomass. These wastes can comprise solid, liquid or gaseous wastes either singularly or in combination. The core Gasplasma ...


    By Advanced Plasma Power (APP)

  • Remscheid pilot project: evaluation of a large scale trial of utilizing biodegradable waste bags for biowaste collection and treatment

    Separate collection of organic waste may be considered as an integral part of contemporary waste management schemes. In this function it became widely accepted in the last ten years. It pursues the idea of a recycling economy according to the European hierarchy of waste - prevent, reduce, recycle - and is aimed at closing nutrient cycles. Nevertheless, separate collection at source essentially ...


    By ORBIT e.V.

  • Wastewater Treatment: Overview and Background

    SummaryWaste discharges from municipal sewage treatment plants are a significant source of water quality problems throughout the country. States report that municipal discharges are the main source of impairment to estuaries and coastal waters, the second leading source of impaired rivers and streams, and also are a major source of pollution in lakes. Pollutants associated with municipal ...


  • Commercial wastewater treatment solutions

    Neatport PTY LTD, A.B.N. 62 063 770 534 is a registered company in Queensland, Australia, trading as Suncoast Waste Water Management (SWWM) which has been a registered business since 1983 manufacturing the ‘OZZI KLEEN’ range of wastewater treatment solutions for both domestic household, marine, and commercial applications. As the team behind the Ozzi Kleen product range, we strives to engineer, ...

  • Optimizing Wastewater Treatment

    ' Growing volumes of both industrial and municipal wastewater are being discharged to surface waters but the treatment provided frequently is inadequate to protect the desired uses of the receiving waters. With limited resources in terms of both institutional capacity and finance, governments face difficult choices in optimizing their investments in municipal systems and establishing practical ...


    By The World Bank

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