hydrocarbon trace level Articles

  • Preliminary assessment of trace metals and polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons in the sediments

    Total concentrations of Cd, Cr, Co, Fe, Pb, Ni, Mn and Zn were determined by atomic absorption spectrophotometry in the surface sediments of Taylor Creek, Southern Nigeria. The most concentrated trace metals, ranging from 113.2 to 5160.7 mg/g-dry weights were Fe, Pb, Mn, Ni and Zn. There was no significant variation in sediment-associated metal levels (P>0.05). The Metal Pollution Index (MPI) was ...

  • Analyzing for Trace CO and CO2 using a Total Hydrocarbon Analyzer

    Untitled Document The purity of Specialty Gases is determined by the measurement of various contaminants including Total Hydrocarbons. Low level measurements of carbon ...


    By MOCON, Inc. - Baseline

  • Analysis of trace hydrocarbon impurities in 1,3-Butadiene using optimized RT-Alumina BOND/MAPD plot columns

    Abstract Identifying and quantifying trace impurities in 1,3-butadiene is critical in producing high quality synthetic rubber products. Standard analytical methods employ alumina PLOT columns which yield good resolution for low molecular weight hydrocarbons, but suffer from irreproducibility and poor sensitivity for polar hydrocarbons. In this study, Rt-Alumina BOND/MAPD PLOT columns were ...


    By Restek Corporation

  • Two Detector Solution to Analyzing Sulfur

    Sulfur compounds are reactive, corrosive to pipes, and destructive to catalysts in petroleum refineries. Sulfur emission are strictly regulated globally. When released into the atmosphere sulfur dioxide converts to sulfuric acid resulting in adverse effects on human health and the environment. Sulfur detection is found useful in many other industries; therefore, detection of sulfur compounds in ...


    By Restek Corporation

  • Trace Analysis of PAHs using EPA methods 3541, 3545 and 8100

    The Extraction System B-811 and the Syncore Analyst parallel concentrator from Buchi as well as the Pressurized Solvent Extractor from Applied Separations were evaluated for the pretreatment of samples containing PAHs. Recoveries of extraction and subsequent concentration using acetone-n-hexane (1+1) were 70-95% for 2 ring and 90-100% for less volatile 3-5 ring PAHs. A good precision (95% ...


    By BÜCHI Labortechnik AG

  • Trace Oxygen measuring systems for Reflow and Wave solder machines

    Systech Illinois are the only company that has the option of RACE™ cell technology. What is the RACE™ cell? It is a patented dual cell technology which employs a second fuel cell to protect the first cell from being exposed to high concentrations of O2. What does it do?  ...


    By Systech Instruments Ltd

  • Oil pollution in the Caspian Sea coastal waters

    The study aims to investigate hydrocarbon and pollutant concentrations in the southern coastal waters of the Caspian Sea to trace their origins and nature, including the effect of the beach materials on hydrocarbons for 11 sites in Golestan, Mazandaran, and Guilan provinces. Samples were collected from sandy and rocky sites for gas chromatography in five carbon ranges of gasoline, diesel oil, ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Home composting of organic waste - part 1: effect of home composter design

    Worldwide, health and environmental considerations encourage landfill diversion of the organic fraction (OW) of municipal solid wastes, through alternative such as home composting. Of poor sanitation, and trace element and toxic hydrocarbon content (PAH) documentation, this study compared against a laboratory composter (LR), the performance (temperature regime and compost quality) of four 300 to ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Environmental characterization of surface runoff from three highway sites in Southern Ontario, Canada: 1. Chemistry

    Highway runoff is a significant source of contaminants entering many freshwater systems. To provide information on effects of highway runoff on aquatic biota, runoff samples were collected from three sites representing different classes of highways with low, intermediate and high traffic intensities. Samples were analysed for chloride, trace metals and polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs). ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Profile: Some Factors Affecting SPME Analysis and PAHs in Philadelphia`s Urban Waterways

    The main points covered in the paper are (1) to clarify some important aspects of the analytical method with solid phase micro extraction (SPME) and (2) to demonstrate a way of studying persistent organic pollutants in aquatic environment. These points are particularly interesting because the development of environmental science largely depends on the development of suitable analytical methods ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Bioremediation of soil

    In our experience, Bioremediation is best accomplished with Bio-augmentation, the addition of large numbers of selected micro-organisms grown in the production laboratory. In addition to bio-augmentation, several physical and chemical parameters must be controlled in order to obtain optimal growth and maximum degradation of soil contaminants. The major factors that are controlled during ...

  • Environmental contaminants and chromosomal damage associated with beak deformities in a resident North American passerine

    A large cluster of beak abnormalities among black‐capped chickadees (Poecile atricapillus) in Alaska raised concern about underlying environmental factors in this region. We analyzed metals and trace elements, organochlorine (OC) pesticides, polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs), and polychlorinated dibenzo‐dioxins and polychlorinated dibenzofurans (PCDD‐Fs) in adults, nestlings, and eggs of the ...


    By John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

  • Biological Treatment Technologies

    Decontamination companies and researchers in France are working to restore polluted soil using treatments that range from biological methods to soil washing and incineration. The problem of polluted soil was dramatically illustrated prior to construction of the Stade de France soccer stadium built for the 1998 World Cup. The location of the site, on industrial wasteland just north of Paris, ...

  • Using On-Site Biological Methods to Clean Up Soil

    Decontamination companies and researchers in France are working to restore polluted soil using treatments that range from biological methods to soil washing and incineration. The problem of polluted soil was dramatically illustrated prior to construction of the Stade de France soccer stadium built for the 1998 World Cup. The location of the site, on industrial wasteland just north of Paris, ...


    By BioCycle Magazine

  • Control VOC`s in Refinery Wastewater

    Oil and water do not mix, like many of life’s one-liners this statement is basically true but not the whole story. Many hydrocarbon liquids, particularly aromatics, have significant solubilities in water: Benzene 1800 PPMVToluene 470Ethyl Benzene 150Xylenes 150 Petroleum refineries do not like salts in their feedstock since these corrode and foul process equipment. The first refining step is ...

  • Oxygen Release Compound - Canada Case Study

    EHC-O Oxygen Releasing Compound - ES&E Magazine (May 2007) A whimsical comment by the author Michael McClary compels one to realize that more intuitive processes can be overlooked when considering technology’s abilities to improve our natural environments. He said: “Irrigation of the land with seawater desalinated by fusion power is ancient. It’s called rain.” In situ treatment of ...


  • In Situ Biological Treatment for Soil, Sediment, and Sludge

    The main advantage of in situ treatment is that it allows soil to be treated without being excavated and transported, resulting in potentially significant cost savings. However, in situ treatment generally requires longer time periods, and there is less certainty about the uniformity of treatment because of the variability in soil and aquifer characteristics and because the efficacy of the ...

  • Full Scale Evaluation of UpflowTM Filter - A Catch Basin Insert for the Treatment of Stormwater at Critical Source Areas

    ABSTRACTStormwater runoff from critical source areas, such as parking lots, vehicle fueling and maintenance stations, and public works storage areas, may contain pollutant loadings of hydrocarbons, toxic trace metals, nutrients, pathogens, and/or other toxicants and pollutants that are greater than the loadings of “normal” stormwater runoff (Bannerman, et al. 1993;Pitt, et al. ...

  • Enhanced Bioremediation

    Introduction Enhanced bioremediation is a process in which indigenous or inoculated micro-organisms (e.g., fungi, bacteria, and other microbes) degrade (metabolize) organic contaminants found in soil and/or ground water, converting them to innocuous end products. Nutrients, oxygen, or other amendments may be used to enhance bioremediation and contaminant desorption from subsurface materials. ...

  • Development of Pre-Turbo Catalyst for Natural Gas Engines

    Distributed power generation is an efficient method for reducing CO2 emissions through the elimination of transmission losses. Co-generation has similar benefits with higher thermal efficiency. Natural gas engines are very popular for these applications. Unfortunately, these engines emit significant levels of methane, ...


    By DCL International Inc.

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