hydrofluorocarbon refrigerant Articles

  • Refrigerant leak detection is heavily regulated by government agencies

    Refrigerant leak monitoring in refrigeration and air-conditioning (RAC) systems and heating, ventilation and air conditioning (HVAC-R) equipment is very challenging, even for the most skilled HVAC-R technician. The leak could be well concealed from view in tubing, a system component, or in an operating or safety control component. With the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) laws documented ...


    By Verisae

  • Use of ejectors in cascade refrigeration systems for exergetic performance improvement

    In this paper an expansion cascade refrigeration system are compared to cascade systems using ejectors. This comparison is made for a variety of fluids. Natural fluids and hydrofluorocarbons (HFCs) are used in the two loops. Theoretical models are written using FORTRAN. The thermodynamic parameters of fluids are given using the software REFPROP 8.0. For fixed working conditions, using CO ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • How to better manage refrigerant gases in order to reduce greenhouse gases (GHGs)

    Carbon emissions reporting requires detailed monitoring record keeping of emission sources. Reducing a company's CO2 emissions has an impact on climate change. Carbon reporting needs to be approached in a structured organized way. Doing so in this way is known as carbon management. Carbon (CO2) Emissions Reporting: It's the law. In many countries, carbon emissions are required by law to be ...


    By Verisae

  • Simplified mass balance method: An accurate way to track refrigerant emissions

    With the simplified mass balance method, current levels of harmful refrigerant gases or other chemicals that harm the environment, such as hydrofluorocarbons (HFCs) and chlorofluorocarbons (CHCs), can be calculated and work to better predict of future levels of accumulated emissions formulated. This emissions information enables environmental scientists and government regulators to better ...


    By Verisae

  • How to decifer government laws for refrigerant gases (R-22 HCFCs)

    Refrigerant Gas Regulations for R-22 HCFCs: How the Government Mandates Monitoring and TrackingThe U.S. Clean Air Act is a regulation that spells out the EPA's role in air quality, especially in protecting the ozone layer and the tracking and reporting of Greenhouse Gases. The Act is maintained by the House of Representatives. The Clean Air Act has had changes made in the 1990s and again in 2008 ...


    By Verisae

  • Summarizing the fundamentals of fugitive emission tracking

    Fugitive emission tracking for a number of key industries is now a focus for the United States and a number of other countries. When a hazardous leak occurs it is important to identify and gauge the amount and type of substance emitted. Officials will gain a better understanding of the challenge posed by greenhouse gases, as they affect global warming. When an unexpected leak of a hazardous ...


    By Verisae

  • EPA plans to make greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions reporting mandatory

    Mandatory carbon (CO2) emissions reporting is more important than ever as the United States works with facilities to reduce substances known to adversely affect air quality, the climate, and lead to global warming. Most of the known matter that is destroying the earth’s ozone layer and contributing to global warming is derived from manmade compounds and chemicals with high global warming ...


    By Verisae

  • Recent USEPA Rulings To Reduce GHGs

    Over the last few months the USEPA has begun to implement rules to reduce greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions. Not the traditional way by having affected facilities measure and reduce GHG emissions, but instead by encouraging operational changes to accomplish the same goal. 2 rulings that can affect businesses are discussed here. 1. Alternative refrigerants. This past December the USEPA announced ...


  • Emission scopes help to categorize greenhouse gas (GHGs) reporting efforts

    Emission scopes are being used to determine the category of chemical and usage area, so that facilities can understand and monitor their greenhouse gas impact. The US Clean Air Act and the Montreal Protocol have established that emissions of harmful substances must be controlled worldwide. When discharged into the air, these chemicals can cause severe damage to the global environment. Three ...


    By Verisae

  • Mandatory Carbon Reporting for London Stock Exchange Listed Companies

    In June 2012 The UK’s Deputy Prime Minister, Nick Clegg announced a new mandatory carbon reporting requirement for all main board companies on the London Stock Exchange (list of 1,370 companies here). This follows a public consultation last year where the majority supported making GHG ...


    By Accuvio

  • Reporting of greenhouse gases (GHGs) to be mandated for top 13,000 facilities

    The newly formed Obama administration has listed greenhouse gas (GHG) tracking and reporting as a major goal, with the objective of protecting the future of the environment by reducing today's carbon footprint. If no action were taken, the makeup of the earth would significantly altered. Future actions will establish a market drive carbon cap and trade program to drive GHG emissions ...


    By Verisae

  • An Overview of the F-Gas Regulation Proposals

    By now you should have an appreciation of F-Gas regulations and what it means to you. But in case you don’t, here’s a quick overview in relation to leak detection. Why have the F-Gas regulations come into force? Fluorinated greenhouse gases (F-Gases) are potent greenhouse gases that contribute to global warming and are sometimes referred to as High ...


    By a1-cbiss

  • U.S.-China agreement on HFCs a `Breakthrough` on climate change

    During the U.S.-China informal summit this weekend, President Obama and President Xi agreed to advance cooperation on climate change by reducing emissions of hydrofluorocarbons (HFCs), a potent greenhouse gas. According to the announcement, the countries will work under the Montreal ...

  • How The Climate Registry will impact your organization

    The question most often asked by organizations trying to figure out carbon emissions reporting is related to The Climate Registry. Explained here are further details about the registry and why your organization should care about it.The Climate Registry was published in draft form as early as May, 2007. It documents and outlines the requirements for carbon (CO2) emissions reporting. Businesses of ...


    By Verisae

  • By the Numbers: The economic benefits of a national climate action plan

    President Obama’s newly announced National Climate Action Plan will make serious progress on reducing pollution and curbing climate change. But importantly, ...

  • After State of the Union Address, U.S. Should Pursue Ambitious Power Plant Emissions Standards

    In the State of the Union address last night, President Obama called to make this “a year of action.” Addressing climate change will require his administration to make that call a reality. The President noted that “the debate is settled. Climate ...

  • U.S. faces a week of extreme weather and signs of climate action

    Another season of extreme weather events is upon us. A severe storm, with winds up to 70 miles per hour, whipped its way from Illinois to Washington, D.C. Meanwhile, Colorado is experiencing one of its ...

  • Signs of Progress at World Economic Forum’s Climate Day

    As I leave the World Economic Forum in Davos, I am filled with more hope than I have had for some time. For the first time, the meeting of many of the world’s pre-eminent political and business leaders held an official “Climate Day” to discuss the challenges posed by a ...

  • Ozone-depleting substances 2014

    Aggregated data reported by companies on the import, export, production, destruction, and feedstock and process agent use of ozone-depleting substances in the European Union Background The Montreal Protocol on Substances that Deplete the Ozone layer, which entered into force in 1989, aims to protect the stratospheric ozone layer by phasing out more than 200 ...

  • Watching for Signs of Climate Action in the State of the Union Address

    When President Obama addresses the nation on Tuesday, climate change is expected to be featured. The president recently said that one of his personal passions is “leaving a planet that is as spectacular as the one we inherited from our parents and our grandparents.” The next two years will determine if his administration can meet this standard. Seven months have ...

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