hydrologic system Articles

  • Urban Hydrology

    The provision and disposal of water for urban populations is as old as the development of cities themselves. Unrestrained development has made the task ever more difficult and hydrologists and civil engineers face constant pressures to stay on top of the challenges of providing sufficient supplies and adequate treatment/disposal of effluents. Urban areas have long existed as centres of trade, ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Eco-Hydrology

    The Habitats Directive and the Environment Agency’s Restoring Sustainable Abstraction programme (RSAp) have focused attention on a large number of wetland sites across the country. Some of these are large, high profile sites that have been subject to many detailed studies in the past. However, many sites have had little work carried out on them and the behaviour of their hydrological ...


    By ESI Consulting Ltd

  • Data quality assessment in hydrological information systems

    The hydrological data fed to hydrological decision support systems might be untimely, incomplete, inconsistent or illogical due to network congestion, low performance of servers, instrument failures, human errors, etc. It is imperative to assess, monitor and even control the quality of hydrological data residing in or acquired from each link of a hydrological data supply chain. However, the ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • The Influence of an Integrated Remedial System on Groundwater Hydrology

    ABSTRACT This paper summarizes the development of a remedial system designed to hydraulically contain and ultimately reduce a plume consisting of primarily 1,1,2,2-tetrachloroethane (1,1,2,2-TeCA). The system consists of groundwater circulating wells or extraction wells located in the core of the 1,1,2,2-TeCA plume to provide active source control, combined with monitored natural attenuation ...


    By Weston Solutions, Inc

  • Statistical evaluation of bioretention system for hydrologic performance

    Long-term retention performance is a common performance indicator for low-impact development practices, such as rain barrels, rain gardens, and green roofs. This paper introduces a numerical approach for the estimation of annual retention ratios of stormwater by bioretention. The annual retention ratio is taken as the ratio of the annual accumulated volume of stormwater retained by bioretention ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Monitoring System for Hydrologic Evaluation of Landfill Covers

    Three test sections were constructed and instrumented to assess the hydrologic behavior of earthen final covers at two municipal solid waste landfills. A traditional design using a “resistive barrier” was used for two of the test sections, whereas an alternative design using a “capillary barrier” was used for the third test section. The test sections were built in two distinctly different ...


    By ASTM International

  • Hydrology vs sovereignty: managing the hydrological interdependency of international rivers

    In managing international rivers, governments are subject to two different boundaries. The socio-politically constructed boundaries governed by sovereignty and the physical boundaries imposed by the river's hydrology. The existence of a hydrological interdependency within an international basin means that “how” it is managed is important in constructing certainty in water supply. We compare two ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Community modeling systems: classification and relevance to hydrologic modeling

    Numerical modeling in the water sciences has been shifting from developing single or specific purpose-oriented tightly intertwined model applications to integrated model systems addressing more complex and interlinked geo-physical, -chemical and -biological processes across all strata of the critical zone geo-volume. This is a response to a number of important issues that span from preservation ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Analysis of Hydrologic Data to Evaluate Phytoremediation System Performance

    Abstract A long-term environmental monitoring program is providing hydrologic data that demonstrates poplar trees are influencing groundwater flow at the J-Field site, Aberdeen Proving Ground, Maryland. Advanced data collection and analyses techniques have enabled researchers to construct a water budget for the study area and to estimate the amount of groundwater the trees are transpiring on a ...


    By Weston Solutions, Inc

  • An event-based hydrologic simulation model for bioretention systems

    Bioretention systems are designed to treat stormwater and provide attenuated drainage between storms. Bioretention has shown great potential at reducing the volume and improving the quality of stormwater. This study introduces the bioretention hydrologic model (BHM), a one-dimensional model that simulates the hydrologic response of a bioretention system over the duration of a storm event. BHM ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Intelligent manipulation and calibration of parameters for hydrological models

    It would be greatly helpful to neophytes if knowledge-based system technology incorporating the existing heuristic knowledge about model manipulation can be integrated into the hydrological system. This paper delineates the development and implementation of a prototype knowledge-based system for model manipulation for hydrological processes by employing an expert system shell. The architecture ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Impacts of urbanization on hydrology in the Yangtze River Delta, China

    The Yangtze River Delta is one of the most developed regions in China and the rapid development of urbanization have greatly influenced regional hydrology and water resources. Taking several typical urbanizing areas in the Yangtze River Delta as examples, this paper probes into the impacts of urbanization on hydrologic cycle and hydrological process with the support of RS, GIS and hydrological ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Integrated actions in the management of critical hydrologic events

    Owing to the increase in urban populations, there has also been an increased incidence of critical events, especially those related to floods and landslides. Since the implementation of the National Civil Defense System in Brazil, a focus on disaster management is no longer the answer when assisting those affected; instead, the answer has become managing disaster risk, in addition to the ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Sensitivity analysis of hydrological models: review and way forward

    Different hydrological models provide diverse perspectives of the system being modeled, and inevitably, are imperfect representations of reality. Irrespective of the choice of models, the major source of error in any hydrological modeling is the uncertainty in the determination of model parameters, owing to the mismatch between model complexity and available data. Sensitivity analysis (SA) ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Green roof hydrologic performance and modeling: a review

    Green roofs reduce runoff from impervious surfaces in urban development. This paper reviews the technical literature on green roof hydrology. Laboratory experiments and field measurements have shown that green roofs can reduce stormwater runoff volume by 30 to 86%, reduce peak flow rate by 22 to 93% and delay the peak flow by 0 to 30 min and thereby decrease pollution, flooding and ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • An evaluation of hydrologic modeling performance of EPA SWMM for bioretention

    Recent techniques should be investigated in detail to avoid present and future problems of urbanization like flood, drought and water pollution. Low Impact Development (LID) Best Management Practices (BMPs) such as bioretentions, green roofs, rain barrels, vegetative swales, and permeable pavements have been implemented to diminish the adverse effects of urbanization. In this study, a ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Climate change and land use impacts on hydrologic processes of watershed systems

    Land use, land cover and climate change (CC) can significantly influence the hydrologic balance and biogeochemical processes of watershed systems. These changes can alter interception, evapotranspiration (ET), infiltration, soil moisture, water balance, and biogeochemical cycling of carbon, nitrogen, and other elements. The need to evaluate the combined effect of land use change and CC of ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • A novel visual modeling system for time series forecast: application to the domain of hydrology

    Accurate and reliable forecasts of key hydrological variables such as stream flow are of importance due to their profound impacts on real world water resources applications. Data-driven methods have proven their applicability to modeling complex and non-linear hydrological processes. This paper presents a novel visual modeling system that has been developed to overcome the problems involved in ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Exploration of sub-annual calibration schemes of hydrological models

    This study compared hydrological model performances under different sub-annual calibration schemes using two conceptual models, IHACRES and HYMOD. In several publications regarding sub-annual calibration, the authors showed that such an approach generally performed better than the conventional whole period method. Hence, there are advantages in dividing the data into sub-annual periods for ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Analysing the sensitivity behaviour of two hydrology models

    Recently, the New Morris Method has been presented as an effective sensitivity analysis tool for mathematical models. The New Morris Method estimates the sensitivity of an output parameter to a given set of input parameters (first-order effects) and the extent these parameters interact with each other (second-order effects). This method requires the specification of two parameters (runs and ...


    By Springer

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