hydrological monitoring Articles

  • Eco-Hydrology

    The Habitats Directive and the Environment Agency’s Restoring Sustainable Abstraction programme (RSAp) have focused attention on a large number of wetland sites across the country. Some of these are large, high profile sites that have been subject to many detailed studies in the past. However, many sites have had little work carried out on them and the behaviour of their hydrological ...


    By ESI Consulting

  • Monitoring System for Hydrologic Evaluation of Landfill Covers

    Three test sections were constructed and instrumented to assess the hydrologic behavior of earthen final covers at two municipal solid waste landfills. A traditional design using a “resistive barrier” was used for two of the test sections, whereas an alternative design using a “capillary barrier” was used for the third test section. The test sections were built in two distinctly different ...


    By ASTM International

  • Storm water infiltration in a monitored green roof for hydrologic restoration

    The objectives of this study are to provide detailed information about green roof performance in the Mediterranean climate (retained volume, peak flow reduction, runoff delay) and to identify a suitable modelling approach for describing the associated hydrologic response. Data collected during a 13-month monitoring campaign and a seasonal monitoring campaign (September–December 2008) at the green ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Data quality assessment in hydrological information systems

    The hydrological data fed to hydrological decision support systems might be untimely, incomplete, inconsistent or illogical due to network congestion, low performance of servers, instrument failures, human errors, etc. It is imperative to assess, monitor and even control the quality of hydrological data residing in or acquired from each link of a hydrological data supply chain. However, the ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Integrated actions in the management of critical hydrologic events

    Owing to the increase in urban populations, there has also been an increased incidence of critical events, especially those related to floods and landslides. Since the implementation of the National Civil Defense System in Brazil, a focus on disaster management is no longer the answer when assisting those affected; instead, the answer has become managing disaster risk, in addition to the ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • The Influence of an Integrated Remedial System on Groundwater Hydrology

    ABSTRACT This paper summarizes the development of a remedial system designed to hydraulically contain and ultimately reduce a plume consisting of primarily 1,1,2,2-tetrachloroethane (1,1,2,2-TeCA). The system consists of groundwater circulating wells or extraction wells located in the core of the 1,1,2,2-TeCA plume to provide active source control, combined with monitored natural attenuation ...


    By Weston Solutions, Inc

  • The eReefs data brokering layer for hydrological and environmental data

    The environmental sciences are witnessing a data revolution as large amounts of data are being made available at an increasing rate. Many datasets are being published through operational monitoring programs, research activities and global earth observation virtual laboratories. An important aspect is the ability to query relevant metadata which can potentially provide useful information to ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Analysis of Hydrologic Data to Evaluate Phytoremediation System Performance

    Abstract A long-term environmental monitoring program is providing hydrologic data that demonstrates poplar trees are influencing groundwater flow at the J-Field site, Aberdeen Proving Ground, Maryland. Advanced data collection and analyses techniques have enabled researchers to construct a water budget for the study area and to estimate the amount of groundwater the trees are transpiring on a ...


    By Weston Solutions, Inc

  • Modelling the hydrological impacts of rural land use change

    The potential role of rural land use in mitigating flood risk and protecting water supplies continues to be of great interest to regulators and planners. The ability of hydrologists to quantify the impact of rural land use change on the water cycle is however limited and we are not able to provide consistently reliable evidence to support planning and policy decisions. This shortcoming stems ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Global study of lakes enhances understanding of hydrological cycle

    We now have much more robust data available on the amount of water in lakes worldwide thanks to a comprehensive database created by researchers at McGill University in Montreal. The McGill scientists discovered the total shoreline of the world’s lakes is more than four times longer than the global ocean coastline. At 7 million kilometers, this is 10 times the distance from the Earth to the ...


    By Fluence Corporation

  • Statistical evaluation of bioretention system for hydrologic performance

    Long-term retention performance is a common performance indicator for low-impact development practices, such as rain barrels, rain gardens, and green roofs. This paper introduces a numerical approach for the estimation of annual retention ratios of stormwater by bioretention. The annual retention ratio is taken as the ratio of the annual accumulated volume of stormwater retained by bioretention ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • The search for orthogonal hydrological modelling metrics: a case study of 20 monitoring stations in Colombia

    This paper presents a Colombian-based study on hydrological modelling metrics, arguing that redundancies and overlap in statistical assessment can be resolved using principal component analysis. Numerous statistical scores for optimal operator water level models developed at 20 hydrological monitoring stations, producing daily, weekly and ten-day forecasts, are first reduced to a set of five ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Relevance of hydrological parameters in artificial recharge sites selection and assessment in a granitic aquifer

    Due to increasing demand of groundwater and indiscriminant pumping, groundwater levels have been declined beyond economic levels and the natural recharge is not enough. Thus enhancing recharge to the groundwater system through artificial means has been evident. Depending on the situation, a variety of methods have been in practice but assessing their efficacy as well as optimal site selection has ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • WaterML2.0: development of an open standard for hydrological time-series data exchange

    The increasing global demand on freshwater is resulting in nations improving their terrestrial water monitoring and reporting systems to better understand the availability, and quality, of this valuable resource. A barrier to this is the inability for stakeholders to share information relating to water observations data: traditional hydrological information systems have relied on internal custom ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Analysis of variation and relation of climate, hydrology and water quality in the lower Mekong River

    In order to determine the influence of climate and hydrology on water quality of the lower Mekong River, the long term monitoring data (from 1985 to 2004) of climatic, hydrological and water quality variables were analyzed. In general, water quality was ‘good’ or ‘very good’ for most of the investigated water quality parameters including DO, pH, conductivity, nitrate, phosphate and total ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Characterizing long-term Hydrologic-response and sediment-transport for the R-5 catchment

    Recently there have been several calls to establish long-term data collection networks to monitor near-surface hydrologic response and landscape evolution. The focus of this paper is a long-term dataset from the International Hydrologic Decade (1965–1974). The small upland catchment, known as R-5, located near Chickasha, Olahoma, has been the subject of considerable attention within the ...

  • Effects of hydrology and field management on phosphorus transport in surface runoff

    Received for publication December 5, 2008. Phosphorus (P) losses from agricultural landscapes arise from the interaction of hydrologic, edaphic, and management factors, complicated by their spatial and temporal variability. We monitored sites along two agricultural hillslopes to assess the effects of field management and hydrology on P transfers in surface runoff at different landscape positions. ...

  • Combining LiDAR and IKONOS data for eco-hydrological classification of an ombrotrophic peatland

    Received for publication March 11, 2009. Remote sensing techniques have potential for peatland monitoring, but most previous work has focused on spectral approaches that often result in poor discrimination of cover types and neglect structural information. Peatlands contain structural 'microtopes' (e.g., hummocks and hollows) which are linked to hydrology, biodiversity and carbon sequestration, ...

  • Long-term temperature and precipitation trends at the Coweeta Hydrologic Laboratory, Otto, North Carolina, USA

    Coweeta Hydrologic Laboratory, located in western North Carolina, USA, is a 2,185 ha basin wherein forest climate monitoring and watershed experimentation began in the early 1930s. An extensive climate and hydrologic network has facilitated research for over 75 years. Our objectives in this paper were to describe the monitoring network, present long-term air temperature and precipitation data, ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Strengthening drought risk management and policy: UNESCO International Hydrological Programme's case studies from Africa and Latin America and the Caribbean

    Droughts have resulted in significant socio-economic impacts in the regions of Africa and Latin America and the Caribbean (LAC), especially in developing countries. The main gaps to mitigate its effects, identified in both Africa and LAC regions, include a lack of human and institutional capacity, a lack of access to relevant early warning information for decision-making, the identification of ...


    By IWA Publishing

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