hydropower control Articles

  • Control systems for small hydropower plants: a review

    Hydropower is emerging as a major contributor to world energy requirement. It is inexhaustible, clean and has many other benefits like flood mitigation, water supply, irrigation, etc. However, large-scale hydropower generation suffers from inherent disadvantages, such as massive financial outlays, long gestation periods, geological surprises, environmental factors and rehabilitation of the ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • The impacts of climate change on a Norwegian high-head hydropower system

    Hydropower is the most important renewable energy source for electricity in Norway. However, it is the most vulnerable resource to climate change. Despite the importance of hydropower and its vulnerability to climate change, many studies have been mostly concerned with large-scale resources assessment. This study aims to address the climate change impacts on the scale of a single hydropower ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Anti-islanding protection and islanding operation of grid-connected hydropower distributed generation

    Salient issues associated with the connection of hydropower distributed generation (HPDG) into distribution networks include operation and voltage regulation, grid connection and control interaction, anti-islanding protection and islanding operation, and operation of protective devices. Better understanding of these issues and finding solutions to these problems are timely and important to the ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Capacity optimization of hydropower storage projects using particle swarm optimization algorithm

    A mixed integer optimization model is formulated for capacity optimization of a hydropower storage project with control on reliability of meeting the project's firm energy yield. Particle swarm optimization (PSO) is used as the optimization algorithm, in which the method of sequential streamflow routing is called for objective function evaluations. Two types of problems are studied. The first one ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Limited adaptive genetic algorithm for inner-plant economical operation of hydropower station

    A limited adaptive genetic algorithm (LAGA) is proposed in the paper for inner-plant economical operation of a hydropower station. In the LAGA, limited solution strategy, with the feasible solution generation method for generating an initial population and the limited perturbation mutation operator, is presented to avoid hydro units operating in cavitation–vibration regions. The adaptive ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Prediction of ungauged river basin for hydropower potential and flood risk mitigation: a case study at Gin River, Sri Lanka

    A hydrologic study was performed for ungauged river basin of Sri Lanka to examine synthetic discharge relations. Rainfall-runoff relationships were used for identifying hydrological conditions of the Gin River basin. The peak discharge achieves within 4.74 hours from the onset of the rainstorm and 11.95 hours take to reach its normal discharge conditions. Stream frequency of the Gin River is ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Energy recovery potential using micro hydropower in water supply networks in the UK and Ireland

    The supply and treatment of water is a highly energy intensive process, resulting in large amounts of greenhouse gas emissions as well as incurring large economic costs. Both governments and water service providers worldwide recognise the need for more sustainable water supply systems. In recent years, the use of hydropower turbines within water supply networks has been shown as a viable option ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Control of dynamic effects in small hydro with long hydraulic circuits

    Lab tests in a long hydraulic circuit were developed to analyse hydrotransients induced by waterhammer effects under runaway conditions. The definition of suitable design criteria in hydraulic systems is of utmost importance and has become a priority for good design implementation. The dynamic behaviour of turbo-generators of small reaction turbines and the interaction with long hydraulic ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • A real-time operation of the Three Gorges Reservoir with flood risk analysis

    Risk analysis is essential to reservoir operation. In this study, a new analysis for reservoir operation is proposed to enhance the utilization rate of the flood water from the Three Gorges Reservoir (TGR) during the flood season. Based on five scenarios of hydrology forecasting with the adaptive neuro-fuzzy inference system (ANFIS), a multi-objective optimum operation was implemented ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Real-time optimisation of the Hoa Binh reservoir, Vietnam

    Multi-purpose reservoirs often have to be managed according to conflicting objectives, which requires efficient tools for trading-off the objectives. This paper proposes a multi-objective simulation-optimisation approach that couples off-line rule curve optimisation with on-line real-time optimisation. First, the simulation-optimisation framework is applied for optimising reservoir operating ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Website offers global view of small hydroelectric projects

    It is now easier to access reliable data on small hydropower projects globally following the launch of a website designed to promote this technology, says a UN body. The UN Industrial Development Organization ...


    By SciDev.Net

  • Cameroon`s infrastructure : a continental perspective

    Better access to improved infrastructure services is an important engine for economic growth. The poor state of infrastructure is a key bottleneck to growth in African countries, and Cameroon is no exception. Between 2000 and 2005, improvements in information and communication technologies boosted Cameroon's growth performance by 1.26 percentage points per capita, while deficient power ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Allocation of water consumption in multipurpose reservoirs

    The Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change Special Report on Renewable Energy Sources represented a benchmark in the assessment of water consumption from electricity production. The numbers for hydropower ranged from very low to much larger than the other renewable technologies, partly explained by methodological problems. One of the methodological shortcomings identified was the lack of ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Multi-year optimal operation strategy of Danjiangkou Reservoir after dam heightening for the middle route of the south–north water transfer project

    The middle route of the south–north water transfer project (SNWTP) was built to relieve the pressure of increasing water demand in northern China. Serving as one of the major storage systems, optimal operation rules should be proposed promptly for Danjiangkou Reservoir, completed by a heightening project. In this paper, in order to seek out the optimal operation rules for Danjiangkou ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Energy and material management based on a fuzzy-Petri net approach

    In modern production systems, materials and different forms of energy are provided, converted, stored and transported. Environmental impacts can be identified at any stage of the energy and material flow process. Due to the fact that production units and processes are interconnected with energy and material flows, it is of special interest to implement production control policies, which control ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Upcoming EU electricity and gas directives should be changed to support EU`s new energy and climate policies

    It is important that the coming electricity and gas market directives ensures that renewable energy is given priority in the electricity and gas networks. This is both important when the energy is sold from local producers to the network and when the network is used for transport of energy from a renewable energy production unit to its owners. It applies to both electricity and gas networks, and ...

  • Effluent to Energy and It Is Renewable

    The Systems Conveyance and Operations Program (SCOP), located in Clark County, Nevada, will enable the Clean Water Coalition (CWC) to improve the water quality of Lake Mead, the main water source for the Las Vegas Valley, and to meet the increasing water demands of its four member agencies: the City of Las Vegas (CLV), the Clark County Water Reclamation District (CCWRD), the City of Henderson ...

  • Water resources in Europe in the context of vulnerability

    Water plays a central role in the functioning of the biosphere and in supporting all life. Freshwater ecosystems are particularly important, providing a unique and diverse array of services upon which human society depends. These services include 'provisioning' services, such as the provision of water for agriculture and hydropower. They also include 'regulating' services, where water helps ...

  • Carbon tax and energy resource in Indian power sector

    Abstract: Global warming is a universal problem nowadays. The recent United Nations Climate Change Conference in Copenhagen was partially successful because all participating countries realised the damages caused by greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions and promise to mitigate in the future course of time. India has also promised to reduce 20% to 25% of these emissions up to the year 2020. To implement ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Background: EU electricity and gas directives

    3.rd Energy Market Package, proposed September 2007 September 2007 the EU Commission proposed a revision of the electricity and gas market directives with amendmets of the directives on electricity and gas markets and the directives on cross-border trade of electricity and gas. The main changes are that all countries must have independant regulators of the electricity and gas markets, that these ...

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