in-field odor-measuring Articles

  • Transformational adaptation – when climate change means business as usual is no longer possible

    1. A lesson from the past Deep in the central Sahara, a crumbling mud-brick town sits at the edge of a dry lake bed. This is the medieval town of Germa, in southwestern Libya, one of a string of settlements along the Wadi al-Ajal, a valley defined by the towering dunes of the Ubari Sand Sea to the north, and the black cliffs of the Messak Settafet plateau to the south. Germa is romantic ...


    By Garama 3C Ltd

  • What is a Spectrometer?

    The characteristics of a white LED light differs greatly, when compared to a yellow CFL. Without any special tools, one can see that the LED emits a clear white color, while the CFL generates yellow light. Going one step further, using a spectrometer, one will be able to “dissect” the light sources and see that they are composed of other colors in the visible light spectrum, such as ...


    By Larson Electronics LLC

  • Using Electromagnetic induction to characterize soils - Case Study

    Electrical conductivity measurements have been used for years to determine salinity and moisture in soils. Probes were inserted directly into the soil to determine how well the soil conducted an applied current. This process was slow and labor-intensive and was usually reserved for scientific studies. A more recent technique for measuring conductivity is electromagnetic induction (EM), a ...


    By Geonics Limited

  • Analyzer underpins growth of container inspection company

    After a career as a customs officer in the Netherlands, Wim van Tienen was well aware of the toxic gas hazards presented by some freight containers, so in 2009 he started a company, Van Tienen Milieuadvies B.V., offering gas analysis and safety advice. The company grew quickly and now employs 23 staff. Wim attributes a large part of this success to the advanced FTIR gas detection and analysis ...


    By Gasmet Technologies Oy

  • The quality of the measurements in the environmental field

    Over recent years in various ways errors in environmental measurements have been criticised and large amounts of money wasted. It therefore becomes ever more necessary to increase the culture of the rigorous experimental measurement and handling of data. This is particularly important in fields such as our environment and our cultural heritage so closely connected to our life and our ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Field verification of on-line hydrocarbon dew point measurements

    Introduction The Michell Condumax II applies a fundamental measurement principle for direct measurement of hydrocarbon dew point. Measurement performance is assured through comprehensive factory test and calibration, to verify that each analyzer offers accurate determination of the temperature at which hydrocarbon condensate forms. Further extensive examination confirms highly sensitive ...


  • Leveling the carbon playing field

    Climate change is one of the most far-reaching economic challenges of our times. Unchecked, it threatens the welfare of people around the globe. Mitigating the worst of its impacts will require mobilizing capital and technology in innovative ways that will transform the global economy. The good news is that if we do it right we can generate technologies and markets that will not only leave us a ...

  • Random fields in SVSlope and SVFlux

    Geotechnical engineering, as a general practice, has always struggled with quantifying the significant amount of variability that can be present at any given site. There may be variability present in field sampling methods, equipment, lab testing procedures, level of training of field personnel, or many other such factors. One particular problematic aspect of slope stability analysis is the ...


    By SoilVision Systems Ltd.

  • Microstickies agglomeration by electric field

    Microstickies deposits on both paper machine and paper products when it agglomerates under step change in ionic strength, pH, temperature and chemical additives. These stickies increase the down time of the paper mill and decrease the quality of paper. The key property of microstickies is its smaller size, which leads to low removal efficiency and difficulties in measurement. Thus the increase ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Free-field calibration in China

    Practically all reference microphone calibrations that are performed by national metrology institutes are pressure response calibrations. This is the case even if most practical measurements are carried out under free- or diffuse-field conditions. Fortunately, for measurement microphones, there are essentially fixed ratios between the pressure-, free- and diffuse-field responses. Therefore, the ...

  • ClarityNet® Improves Field Training

    Virginia Department of Environmental Services, Arlington, VA 'I like the way online training measures an employee's retention span and understanding of the programs,' says Dennis Cuddy, Safety Specialist. Employees also like the 24/7 access. 'The employees like going on the computer because it's more convenient for them to fit safety training into their work schedules,' he adds. ...

  • The soldier salesman: field instrumentation

    “The victorious strategist only seeks battle after the victory has been won, whereas he who is destined for defeat first fights and afterwards looks for victory.” — Sun Tzu, The Art of War These words may apply to warfare, and though they were written over two thousand years ago by a Chinese general, they could not be more accurate than when applied to today’s sales ...


    By HM Digital, Inc.

  • Field Performance Testing for Pipeline Pumps

    Significant energy savings can be achieved by optimizing pump operating efficiency. Measuring the exact pump performance with crude oil under realistic conditions in the field is the first step towards improving the pump efficiency in the future. About 20 billion barrels of crude oil were transported through pipelines in 2015. Around the world, there are over one million kilometers of ...


    By Sulzer

  • Towards lessons from the field in India drinking : lessons from the field

    India being a vast and diverse country, we face many challenges in ensuring reliable, sustainable safe drinking water supply to rural households of the country. Though, in terms of provision of safe drinking water, we have covered more than 90 percent of the rural households, according to the National Sample Survey Office (NSSO) 65th round survey 2008-09, the authors have to recognize that much ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Dynamic coupling of near field and far field models for simulating effluent discharges

    In many cases, (processed) wastewater or thermal effluents are discharged into the marine environment, rivers or lakes. To accurately determine the dispersion, recirculation and environmental impacts of outfall plumes, it is important to be able to model the different characteristics of the outfall plume in detail – from the near field (metres around the outfall) to the far field (up to ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Successful Dunbar Field Life Extension

    The advent of high-power multiphase pumps is changing the world of oil production. In particular, they allow continued production from fields that are nearing the end of their useful lives. These revolutionary pumps have been in operation since autumn 1999 on the Dunbar platform, in the UK sector of the North Sea. Multiphase pumping (MPP) is essentially a means of adding energy to the ...


    By Sulzer

  • Field test experiments to validate the CEN standard measurement method for PM 2,5

    For air quality across the European Union to be assessed on a consistent basis, Member States need to employ standard measurement techniques and procedures, following Community Directive 96/62/EC on ambient air quality assessment and management [1], and Directive 1999/30/EC (1st EC Air Quality Daughter Directive) [2], which sets the parameters specific to the assessment of particulate matter (and ...


  • Field emission measurement techniques for the optimisation of carbon nanotube cathodes

    We have developed advanced measurement techniques for the investigation of the field emission (FE) properties of high-technology materials. Flat samples up to 30 mm in diameter can be optimised either for strong or weak electron emission, i.e., cold FE cathodes operating at field levels below 10 V/μm or high-voltage vacuum devices preventing FE up to 200 V/μm. The integral measurement system with ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • The Thermal Probe—Measurement of the Thermal Conductivity and Drying Rate of Soil in the Field

    The thermal probe is a metal rod with an internal heating element and temperature sensor. In the field it is pushed into a predrilled hole in otherwise undisturbed soil, and the thermal properties of the soil are estimated from the temperatures recorded at intervals after a constant power is supplied to the heating element. The following are discussed in this paper: the theory behind the methods ...


    By ASTM International

  • Field Test Experiments to Validate The CEN Standard Measurement Method For PM2,5

    For air quality across the European Union to be assessed on a consistent basis, Member States need to employ standard measurement techniques and procedures, following Community Directive 96/62/EC on ambient air quality assessment and management [1], and Directive 1999/30/EC (1st EC Air Quality Daughter Directive) [2], which sets the parameters specific to the assessment of particulate matter (and ...


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