in-situ contaminated soil treatment Articles

  • In Situ Treatment Technologies for Contaminated Soil

    Compared to excavation and ex situ treatment, the use of these technologies offers several benefits, such as addressing deep contamination and generally costing less. The summary for each in situ technology includes a basic description of the technology, its implementation, applicability based on contaminants and site characteristics, general limitations, costs, and status of the ...

  • Soil Vapor Extraction (In Situ)

    Introduction Soil vapor extraction (SVE) is an in situ unsaturated (vadose) zone soil remediation technology in which a vacuum is applied to the soil to induce the controlled flow of air and remove volatile and some semivolatile contaminants from the soil. The gas leaving the soil may be treated to recover or destroy the contaminants, depending on local and state air discharge regulations. ...

  • In Situ Physical/Chemical Treatment for Soil, Sediment, and Sludge

    The main advantage of in situ treatment is that it allows soil to be treated without being excavated and transported, resulting in potentially significant cost savings. However, in situ treatment generally requires longer time periods, and there is less certainty about the uniformity of treatment because of the variability in soil and aquifer characteristics and because the efficacy of the ...

  • Ex Situ Biological Treatment for Soil, Sediment, and Sludge

    The main advantage of ex situ treatment is that it generally requires shorter time periods than in situ treatment, and there is more certainty about the uniformity of treatment because of the ability to homogenize, screen, and continuously mix the soil. However, ex situ treatment requires excavation of soils, leading to increased costs and engineering for equipment, possible permitting, and ...

  • In Situ Thermal Treatment for Soil, Sediment, and Sludge

    The main advantage of in situ thermal treatment is that it allows soil to be treated without being excavated and transported, resulting in significant cost savings. However, in situ treatment generally requires longer time periods, and there is less certainty about the uniformity of treatment because of the variability in soil and aquifer characteristics and because the efficacy of the process is ...

  • In Situ Biological Treatment for Soil, Sediment, and Sludge

    The main advantage of in situ treatment is that it allows soil to be treated without being excavated and transported, resulting in potentially significant cost savings. However, in situ treatment generally requires longer time periods, and there is less certainty about the uniformity of treatment because of the variability in soil and aquifer characteristics and because the efficacy of the ...

  • Ex Situ Thermal Treatment for Soil, Sediment, and Sludge

    The main advantage of ex situ treatments is that they generally require shorter time periods, and there is more certainty about the uniformity of treatment because of the ability to screen, homogenize, and continuously mix the soils. Ex situ processes, however, require excavation of soils leading to increased costs and engineering for equipment, possible permitting, and materials handling worker ...

  • In situ bioremediation of pesticides in soil and groundwater

    This article provides a summary of the Adventus Group’s experience with treatment of organochlorine pesticides (OCPs) in soil and groundwater using DARAMEND® and EHC® bioremediation amendments. The firm has offered DARAMEND for treatment of recalcitrant compounds in soil for more than ten years in both ex situ and in-situ applications. Since OCPs bind strongly to the soil matrix, ...


  • Soil Vapor Extraction (Ex Situ)

    Introduction: Ex situ soil vapor extraction (SVE) is a full-scale technology in which soil is excavated and placed over a network of aboveground piping to which a vacuum is applied to encourage volatilization of organics. Soil piles are generally covered with a geomembrane to prevent volatile emissions and to prevent the soil from becoming saturated by precipitation. The process includes a ...

  • Multifunctional Well Implemented for In Situ Remediation of Hydrocarbon Contaminations in Soil and Groundwater

    Abstract A recently developed Multifunctional Well has been implemented for the remediation of subsurface contamination caused by hydrocarbon spills. Four different remediation processes can be operated within the same well. At optimal efficiency of each remediation process, successive treatment of the capillary fringes, the vadose zone, and the aquifer can be accomplished. Each treatment ...


  • Ex Situ Physical/Chemical Treatment for Soil, Sediment, and Sludge

    The main advantage of ex situ treatment is that it generally requires shorter time periods than in situ treatment, and there is more certainty about the uniformity of treatment because of the ability to homogenize, screen, and continuously mix the soil. Ex situ treatment, however, requires excavation of soils, leading to increased costs and engineering for equipment, possible permitting, and ...

  • Ex Situ Soil Treatment of Waste Oils and Diesel Fuel

    Project: Treated 450 cubic yards of waste oils and diesel fuel in soil and rockClient: Southern Arizona Mining Site Location: Near Tucson, Arizona Scope of work: Ex-Situ BioremediationProject cost: $21,600 (Included earthmoving equipment, treatment, bioremediation supplies and all analytical sampling) ...

  • In-Situ Anaerobic Remediation of Perchlorate-Impacted Soils

    AbstractARCADIS is currently leading the development, evaluation, and selection of a final groundwater remedy for a 94-acre manufacturing facility in the western U.S. This facility has produced small explosives and vehicular safety products since 1957. As a result of historic operations, soil and groundwater at the site have been impacted by perchlorate. To date, remediation efforts have been ...


    By Arcadis

  • Fuel oil contamination in surrounding soils

    LOCATION:  Batavia, New YorkPROJECT DATE:  September, 1992 to December, 1993CLIENT:  Woodward-Clyde Consultants BACKGROUND: When two 15,000 gallon underground storage tanks were removed from a former manufacturing facility site, #2 and #4 fuel oil contamination was found in the surrounding soils. Approximately 1,600 cubic yards of soil with total petroleum hydrocarbon ...


    By Terra Systems, Inc. (TSI)

  • In-situ stabilization using Shallow Soil Mixing and Deep Soil Mixing

    Of the currently emerging technologies for site remediation, one of the most attractive and economical is in-situ stabilization and/or in-situ fixation of contaminated soils by Shallow Soil Mixing (SSM) or Deep Soil Mixing (DSM). Actually, the soil mixing process is not new. It has been in use as a geotechnical construction process for over two decades. However, its use as a treatment for ...


    By Geo-Con, Inc.

  • In-situ remediation of Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon contaminated soils - New Jersey, USA case study

    Executive Summary A New Jersey utility company operated a regulator station on the site of a former manufactured gas plant in central New Jersey. The gas transfer station contained a large natural gas feeder main that fed major population centers in the southern part of the state. The regulator station contained an area approximately 3,600 ft2 contaminated to a depth of 1 meter with both ...


    By Nordevco Associates Ltd.

  • In-Situ thermal treatment of MGP waste and creosote

    Abstract: Remediation of coal tar at former Manufactured Gas Plant (MGP) sites, and creosote associated with wood preservative sites is challenging due to the viscous nature of the dense non-aqueous phase liquid (DNAPL) and the modest solubility and vapor pressure of the contaminants of concern (COCs). DNAPL seepage into surface water bodies, as well as groundwater plumes formed by the most ...


    By TerraTherm, Inc.

  • Treatment of a mixed CVOC and cr contaminated site using in situ chemical reduction (ISCR) and Stimulated Biotic Mineralization

    The implementation of efficient and cost-effective remedial solutions in the clean-up of impacted properties is paramount in returning brownfields and other impacted properties to viable use in the face of the recent real estate market declines. Historical site use of the Cleveland Flats project area included: a manufactured gas plant (circa. 1850), trucking terminal, & plating operations. As ...


  • In-Pile thermal desorption for treatment of Dioxin-Contaminated soil in Japan

    Abstract A demonstration of thermal treatment of dioxin-contaminated soil was completed in Japan, under the sponsorship of the Japan Ministry of the Environment. TerraTherm’s proprietary In-Pile Thermal Desorption process was demonstrated to successfully treat the soil to the required standard of 1,000 picograms of 2,3,7,8-tetrachlorodibenzodioxin (TCDD) toxic equivalents (TEQ) per ...


    By TerraTherm, Inc.

  • In Situ Solidification/Stabilization

    Introduction Solidification/stabilization (S/S) reduces the mobility of hazardous substances and contaminants in the environment through both physical and chemical means. Unlike other remedial technologies, S/S seeks to trap or immobilize contaminants within their 'host' medium (i.e., the soil, sand, and/or building materials that contain them), instead of removing them through chemical or ...

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