in-situ reduction Articles

  • Treatment of Explosives-Contaminated Groundwater by In Situ Cometabolic Reduction

    Untitled Document ABSTRACT: Earth Tech Inc. has completed the first field-scale demonstration of in situ explosives-contaminated groundwater treatment by cometabolic ...


    By Regenesis

  • Reduction of concentrated nitrate by using in situ synthesized zero-valent copper

    Although zero-valent iron represents a promising approach for reduction of nitrate (NO3−) in water, its application in concentrated nitrate is limited by surface passivation. In this study, an alternative approach using in situ synthesized zero-valent copper (Cu0) produced by borohydride (NaBH4) was investigated. Complete reduction was observed ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Earth Tech Successfully Demonstrates in situ Reductive Treatment of Groundwater Contaminated with Explosives and Nitrate Using HRC®

    Earth Tech has recently completed the first field-scale demonstration of in situ treatment of explosives-contaminated groundwater using Hydrogen Release Compound (HRC®). Explosives and nitrate contamination in groundwater are widespread at military facilities worldwide and, until now, have been difficult and expensive to address. The study, completed in January 2001, was performed by Earth ...


    By Regenesis

  • In Situ Bioremediation of Chlorinated Solvents

    ABSTRACT: In situ bioremediation is ongoing at a former manufacturing facility in Portland, Oregon.  Shallow groundwater at the site was impacted by chlorinated solvents, primarily trichloroethene and degradation products cis-1,2-dichloroethene and vinyl chloride.  In situ chemical oxidation treatment was completed in 2003 via the injection of sodium permanganate in source ...


    By EOS Remediation, LLC

  • In Situ Bioremediation of Chlorinated Solvents: A Case Study

    In situ bioremediation is ongoing at a former manufacturing facility in Portland, Oregon. Shallow groundwater at the site was impacted by chlorinated solvents, primarily trichloroethene and degradation products cis-1,2-dichloroethene and vinyl chloride. In situ chemical oxidation treatment was completed in 2003 via the injection of sodium permanganate in source areas. Subsequent stimulation of in ...


    By EOS Remediation, LLC

  • In situ identification of vehicle engine inertia properties

    A direct system identification method for vehicle engine rigid body inertia properties based on in situ measurements is presented in this work. One of the advantages of this method is the use of acceleration response measurements obtained from standard NVH tests performed on a vehicle. Since there is no need to separate the engine, there will be a considerable reduction in time required for ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Reductive Biotransformation of Explosives Compounds in Groundwater

    Untitled Document ABSTRACT: Earth Tech Inc. has successfully completed two bench-scale studies demonstrating the treatment of explosives contaminated groundwater by ...


    By Regenesis

  • Passively Enhanced In-Situ Biodegradation of Chlorinated Solvents

    Harding Lawson Associates (HLA) conducted a field demonstration to evaluate in situ enhanced anaerobic biodegradation of chlorinated solvents using Hydrogen Release Compound (HRC). The technology is designed to enhance the natural biodegradation process for a more rapid and complete degradation of the organic contaminants to non-toxic compounds (e.g., ethylene). This paper presents the results ...


    By Regenesis

  • Enhanced In Situ Bioremediation of Chlorinated Solvents (PDF)

    Anaerobic enhancement of a shallow confined silty sand aquifer has resulted in a substantial biodegradation of a dissolved Tetrachloroethene (PCE) plume at a former metal finishing facility in Secaucus, New Jersey. The injection of a time-release hydrogen compound (HRC™) rapidly converted ambient aquifer aerobic conditions to anaerobic, and maintained such conditions throughout the 6-month ...


    By Regenesis

  • In Situ Dechlorination of TCE during Aquifer Heating

    Laboratory and field efforts were undertaken to examine trichloroethene (TCE) dechlorination as a function of temperature as an aquifer is heated to temperatures approaching boiling. Experiments were conducted using sediment samples and during electrical resistance heating (ERH) treatment at the East Gate Disposal Yard (Fort Lewis, Washington), which contains nonaqueous phase TCE and hydrocarbon ...


    By TRS Group, Inc.

  • In-situ Thermal Remediation Under an Apartment Building

    This paper presents the implementation and results of ET-DSP, an in-situ electrical soil heating technology, in combination with high vacuum dual phase extraction, to achieve the removal of vapour pressure sensitive BTEX compounds from under an occupied residential apartment building. Operating within several engineering, environmental, and safety constraints, a design was developed in order to ...


    By McMillan-McGee Corp.

  • Passively Enhanced in Situ Biodegradation of Chlorinated Solvents.

    INTRODUCTION Harding Lawson Associates (HLA) conducted a field demonstration to evaluate in situ enhanced anaerobic biodegradation of chlorinated solvents using Hydrogen Release Compound (HRC). The technology is designed to enhance the natural biodegradation process for a more rapid and complete degradation of the organic contaminants to non-toxic compounds (e.g., ethylene). This paper presents ...


    By Regenesis

  • In-Situ Anaerobic Remediation of Perchlorate-Impacted Soils

    AbstractARCADIS is currently leading the development, evaluation, and selection of a final groundwater remedy for a 94-acre manufacturing facility in the western U.S. This facility has produced small explosives and vehicular safety products since 1957. As a result of historic operations, soil and groundwater at the site have been impacted by perchlorate. To date, remediation efforts have been ...


    By Arcadis

  • Feasibility study of in-situ bioremediation for nitrobenzene-contaminated groundwater

    Although many studies have simulated in-situ bioremediation of contaminated groundwater, most of them have not considered hydrochemical conditions and indigenous microorganisms, thus potentially rendering results inapplicable to actual in-situ groundwater bioremediation projects. This study focused on a nitrobenzene-contaminated groundwater site located in Jilin City, China. The actual ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Acidity production and buffer requirements for in situ bioremediation of chlorinated solvents

    Acidity production and buffer model Developed batch abiotic model in PHREEQC-2 using overall stoichiometry for reductive dechlorination Reaction is divided in steps, buffer is added as required to maintain minimum design pH Model considers: Expected extent of dechlorination Site water chemistry H2 ...


    By True Blue Technologies, Inc.

  • Mississauga Case Study (In Situ Gas Thermal Remediation (GTR™))

    In Situ Thermal Desorption in conjunction with soil vapor extraction was used to remove volatile organic compounds which contaminated the groundwater and saturated soil areas of a former metal fabricating facility in Ontario, Canada. The site had VOCs detected above the Canadian water standard in various monitoring well locations.  The remediation goal was achieved in 84 days and saw a 98% ...


    By GEO Inc

  • Ex Situ Physical/Chemical Treatment for Soil, Sediment, and Sludge

    The main advantage of ex situ treatment is that it generally requires shorter time periods than in situ treatment, and there is more certainty about the uniformity of treatment because of the ability to homogenize, screen, and continuously mix the soil. Ex situ treatment, however, requires excavation of soils, leading to increased costs and engineering for equipment, possible permitting, and ...

  • In situ Chemical Oxidation: An Innovative Groundwater Remediation Technology

    A promising new technology, in situ Chemical Oxidation (ISCO), has the potential to supplant the more widely used pump-and-treat groundwater remediation technology by destroying groundwater contamination in situ (in place). ISCO is the process of oxidizing contaminants in the groundwater and soil by injecting water containing high concentrations of an oxidant to the site of the contamination. ...


    By AECOM

  • In situ Remediation of 1,4-Dioxane using Electrical Resistance Heating

    An increasing number of states are establishing enforceable 1,4-dioxane cleanup goals due to recent improvements in analytical detection methods and existing carcinogenic risk information for 1,4-dioxane. Historically, 1,4-dioxane was used as a stabilizer for chlorinated solvents, primarily 1,1,1-trichloroethane. In addition, 1,4-dioxane has been used in a broad range of products including but ...


    By TRS Group, Inc.

  • In-situ thermal remediation under an inhabited residential apartment building

    ET-DSP Heat Transfer Mechanisms The heat is directed into the target volume from the electrode wells that are designed to balance the heat transfer mechanisms of electrical heating with convection to achieve rapid and uniform heating. Notice that heat flow outside the target volume has been minimized. Thermally Enhanced Remediation Mechanisms ...


    By McMillan-McGee Corp.

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