in-situ soil testing Articles

  • Soil Vapor Extraction (In Situ)

    Introduction Soil vapor extraction (SVE) is an in situ unsaturated (vadose) zone soil remediation technology in which a vacuum is applied to the soil to induce the controlled flow of air and remove volatile and some semivolatile contaminants from the soil. The gas leaving the soil may be treated to recover or destroy the contaminants, depending on local and state air discharge regulations. ...

  • Sled for In Situ Penetration Testing

    In situ testing devices such as the dilatometer, the piezocone, the pressuremeter, and the field vane generally require the use of a drill rig for penetration through soils. This paper describes a multipurpose portable pushing frame built at the University of New Hampshire and designed to be used with most in situ testing probes. This rig is compact, inexpensive, easy to use, and can operate on ...


    By ASTM International

  • Apparatus and Procedure for an In Situ Collapse Test

    Procedures for plate load testing in both shallow pits and at the bottom of a borehole are presented with descriptions of the required apparatus. The procedures were developed for collapsible soils but are expected to be useful for swelling soils as well. A key feature of the new procedures is that the wetted bulb of soil under the plate is controlled and its depth is measured at the end of the ...


    By ASTM International

  • Prediction of Embankment Settlements by In-Situ Tests

    The compressibility of soft Bangkok clay preloaded with an instrumented test embankment was studied using the results of a series of in-situ and laboratory tests. In the field, eight screw plate and eight pressuremeter tests were performed at four test levels in the subsoil. In the laboratory, twelve Rowe cell consolidation tests were carried out. The method of Asaoka (1978) was used in ...


    By ASTM International

  • Ex Situ Biological Treatment for Soil, Sediment, and Sludge

    The main advantage of ex situ treatment is that it generally requires shorter time periods than in situ treatment, and there is more certainty about the uniformity of treatment because of the ability to homogenize, screen, and continuously mix the soil. However, ex situ treatment requires excavation of soils, leading to increased costs and engineering for equipment, possible permitting, and ...

  • In-Situ Anaerobic Remediation of Perchlorate-Impacted Soils

    AbstractARCADIS is currently leading the development, evaluation, and selection of a final groundwater remedy for a 94-acre manufacturing facility in the western U.S. This facility has produced small explosives and vehicular safety products since 1957. As a result of historic operations, soil and groundwater at the site have been impacted by perchlorate. To date, remediation efforts have been ...


    By Arcadis

  • In Situ Biological Treatment for Soil, Sediment, and Sludge

    The main advantage of in situ treatment is that it allows soil to be treated without being excavated and transported, resulting in potentially significant cost savings. However, in situ treatment generally requires longer time periods, and there is less certainty about the uniformity of treatment because of the variability in soil and aquifer characteristics and because the efficacy of the ...

  • In Situ Solidification/Stabilization

    Introduction Solidification/stabilization (S/S) reduces the mobility of hazardous substances and contaminants in the environment through both physical and chemical means. Unlike other remedial technologies, S/S seeks to trap or immobilize contaminants within their 'host' medium (i.e., the soil, sand, and/or building materials that contain them), instead of removing them through chemical or ...

  • Surfactant enhanced in-situ remediation of DNAPL impacted soil and groundwater - Montreal refinery

    Abstract A Montreal chemical refinery reduced the dichlorobenzene and other dense non-aqueous phase liquid (DNAPL) impacts on the soil and groundwater where a railway line is adjacent to an above ground storage tank farm. Ivey-sol® surfactant mixtures were injected three times during a two week pilot test, into a series of in-situ wells. The soil and groundwater matrix experienced ...


    By Ivey International Inc.

  • A Flexible Strain Gage for Soil Testing

    A novel strain gage for the measurement of soil deformation is introduced. The gage is based on the principle that the change in the length of a coil is linearly related to the change in its inductance. The gage measures a wide range of strains and can be easily installed on a soil specimen in any direction; therefore, it is particularly suitable for the measurement of deformations of in situ ...


    By ASTM International

  • CL-Out In Situ Bioremediation of Perchlorate

    CL-Out is a consortium of facultative aerobic organisms that are well know for their ability to utilize nitrates.  CL-Out is generally used for the aerobic cometabolism of PCE and other chlorinated solvents.  As the half-reaction for perchlorate is close to that of nitrate, CL-Out cometabolism of perchlorate was successfully tested in the laboratory.  In addition to laboratory ...


    By CL Solutions, LLC

  • A Servo System for Hollow Cylinder Testing of Soils

    A fully digitized servo-control system, coupled with the automatic data acquisition facility, has been developed for a hollow cylinder apparatus (HCA). The closed-loop servo-control is based on a computer through which four individual stresses acting on the hollow cylindrical specimen can be independently changed using pneumatic regulators driven by stepper motors. The range of tests that can be ...


    By ASTM International

  • Field Hydraulic Conductivity Tests for Compacted Soil Liners

    Field hydraulic conductivity tests are required to determine the in situ hydraulic conductivity of compacted clay soils used in the liners for hazardous waste management facilities. The test must be capable of measuring hydraulic conductivities of 1 × 10-9 m/s or less, and the values obtained must be representative of the overall soil liner. Few of the methods available are capable of both ...


    By ASTM International

  • In Situ Remediation of Perchlorate in Soil and Groundwater, M.S. Thesis, California State University San Bernardino

    This research project documents a technology assessment for in-situ bioremediation of perchlorate (ClO4-). The main goals are to compare methodologies, perform site characterization of soil and groundwater, and perform microcosm and bench scale tests. In this approach, perchlorate is reduced to chloride, requiring an electron donor. The suitability of electron donor amendments will be assessed ...


    By EOS Remediation, LLC

  • Using in situ pore water concentrations to estimate the phytotoxicity of nicosulfuron in soils to corn (Zea mays L.)

    The phytotoxicity of an herbicide in soil is typically dependent on the soil characteristics. To obtain a comparable value of the concentration that inhibits growth by 50% (IC50), 0.01 M CaCl2, excess pore water (EPW) and in situ pore water (IPW) were used to extract the bioavailable fraction of nicosulfuron from five different soils to estimate the nicosulfuron phytotoxicity to corn (Zea mays ...


    By John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

  • In-situ Thermal Remediation Under an Apartment Building

    This paper presents the implementation and results of ET-DSP, an in-situ electrical soil heating technology, in combination with high vacuum dual phase extraction, to achieve the removal of vapour pressure sensitive BTEX compounds from under an occupied residential apartment building. Operating within several engineering, environmental, and safety constraints, a design was developed in order to ...


    By McMillan-McGee Corp.

  • Enhanced In Situ Bioremediation of Chlorinated Solvents (PDF)

    Anaerobic enhancement of a shallow confined silty sand aquifer has resulted in a substantial biodegradation of a dissolved Tetrachloroethene (PCE) plume at a former metal finishing facility in Secaucus, New Jersey. The injection of a time-release hydrogen compound (HRC™) rapidly converted ambient aquifer aerobic conditions to anaerobic, and maintained such conditions throughout the 6-month ...


    By REGENESIS

  • In-Situ thermal treatment of MGP waste and creosote

    Abstract: Remediation of coal tar at former Manufactured Gas Plant (MGP) sites, and creosote associated with wood preservative sites is challenging due to the viscous nature of the dense non-aqueous phase liquid (DNAPL) and the modest solubility and vapor pressure of the contaminants of concern (COCs). DNAPL seepage into surface water bodies, as well as groundwater plumes formed by the most ...


    By TerraTherm, Inc.

  • Soil Fracturing

    Introduction Fracturing is an enhancement technology designed to increase the efficiency of other in situ technologies in difficult soil conditions. The fracturing extends and enlarges existing fissures and introduces new fractures, primarily in the horizontal direction. When fracturing has been completed, the formation is then subjected to vapor extraction, either by applying a vacuum to all ...

  • Soil Flushing

    Introduction In situ soil flushing is the extraction of contaminants from the soil with water or other suitable aqueous solutions. Soil flushing is accomplished by passing the extraction fluid through in-place soils using an injection or infiltration process. Extraction fluids must be recovered from the underlying aquifer and, when possible, they are recycled. Cosolvent Enhancement Cosolvent ...

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