in-situ soil testing system Articles

  • Soil Vapor Extraction (In Situ)

    Introduction Soil vapor extraction (SVE) is an in situ unsaturated (vadose) zone soil remediation technology in which a vacuum is applied to the soil to induce the controlled flow of air and remove volatile and some semivolatile contaminants from the soil. The gas leaving the soil may be treated to recover or destroy the contaminants, depending on local and state air discharge regulations. ...

  • Ex Situ Biological Treatment for Soil, Sediment, and Sludge

    The main advantage of ex situ treatment is that it generally requires shorter time periods than in situ treatment, and there is more certainty about the uniformity of treatment because of the ability to homogenize, screen, and continuously mix the soil. However, ex situ treatment requires excavation of soils, leading to increased costs and engineering for equipment, possible permitting, and ...

  • In Situ Biological Treatment for Soil, Sediment, and Sludge

    The main advantage of in situ treatment is that it allows soil to be treated without being excavated and transported, resulting in potentially significant cost savings. However, in situ treatment generally requires longer time periods, and there is less certainty about the uniformity of treatment because of the variability in soil and aquifer characteristics and because the efficacy of the ...

  • In Situ Solidification/Stabilization

    Introduction Solidification/stabilization (S/S) reduces the mobility of hazardous substances and contaminants in the environment through both physical and chemical means. Unlike other remedial technologies, S/S seeks to trap or immobilize contaminants within their 'host' medium (i.e., the soil, sand, and/or building materials that contain them), instead of removing them through chemical or ...

  • A Servo System for Hollow Cylinder Testing of Soils

    A fully digitized servo-control system, coupled with the automatic data acquisition facility, has been developed for a hollow cylinder apparatus (HCA). The closed-loop servo-control is based on a computer through which four individual stresses acting on the hollow cylindrical specimen can be independently changed using pneumatic regulators driven by stepper motors. The range of tests that can be ...


    By ASTM International

  • In-situ performance of a passive treatment system for metal source control

    ABSTRACTUrban stormwater often contains high levels of traffic-generated metal elements and particulates. These constituents are transported by stormwater runoff to surficial soils, drainage systems and receiving waters. This paper summarizes the in-situ field-scale performance of a passive treatment system called a partial exfiltration trench (PET) for source control of these constituents. For ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • In Situ Remediation of Perchlorate in Soil and Groundwater, M.S. Thesis, California State University San Bernardino

    This research project documents a technology assessment for in-situ bioremediation of perchlorate (ClO4-). The main goals are to compare methodologies, perform site characterization of soil and groundwater, and perform microcosm and bench scale tests. In this approach, perchlorate is reduced to chloride, requiring an electron donor. The suitability of electron donor amendments will be assessed ...


    By EOS Remediation, LLC

  • In-situ Thermal Remediation Under an Apartment Building

    This paper presents the implementation and results of ET-DSP, an in-situ electrical soil heating technology, in combination with high vacuum dual phase extraction, to achieve the removal of vapour pressure sensitive BTEX compounds from under an occupied residential apartment building. Operating within several engineering, environmental, and safety constraints, a design was developed in order to ...


    By McMillan-McGee Corp.

  • Soil Fracturing

    Introduction Fracturing is an enhancement technology designed to increase the efficiency of other in situ technologies in difficult soil conditions. The fracturing extends and enlarges existing fissures and introduces new fractures, primarily in the horizontal direction. When fracturing has been completed, the formation is then subjected to vapor extraction, either by applying a vacuum to all ...

  • Soil Flushing

    Introduction In situ soil flushing is the extraction of contaminants from the soil with water or other suitable aqueous solutions. Soil flushing is accomplished by passing the extraction fluid through in-place soils using an injection or infiltration process. Extraction fluids must be recovered from the underlying aquifer and, when possible, they are recycled. Cosolvent Enhancement Cosolvent ...

  • Simplification of Soil Classification Charts Derived from the Cone Penetration Test

    This paper presents a semi-empirical approach to simplify existing CPT and PCPT soil classification charts. This approach is based on two tendencies in current charts, namely soil type and in situ soil state. These charts may be simplified into one-dimensional soil classification systems by linear conformal mapping. Accordingly, several charts are simplified, and a comparison to in situ testing ...


    By ASTM International

  • Passively Enhanced in Situ Biodegradation of Chlorinated Solvents.

    INTRODUCTION Harding Lawson Associates (HLA) conducted a field demonstration to evaluate in situ enhanced anaerobic biodegradation of chlorinated solvents using Hydrogen Release Compound (HRC). The technology is designed to enhance the natural biodegradation process for a more rapid and complete degradation of the organic contaminants to non-toxic compounds (e.g., ethylene). This paper presents ...


    By REGENESIS

  • Passively Enhanced In-Situ Biodegradation of Chlorinated Solvents

    Harding Lawson Associates (HLA) conducted a field demonstration to evaluate in situ enhanced anaerobic biodegradation of chlorinated solvents using Hydrogen Release Compound (HRC). The technology is designed to enhance the natural biodegradation process for a more rapid and complete degradation of the organic contaminants to non-toxic compounds (e.g., ethylene). This paper presents the results ...


    By REGENESIS

  • A Calibration Chamber for Cohesive Soils

    The paper describes the design and performance of a calibration chamber system for testing in-situ test devices in cohesive soils. Techniques for preparing “undisturbed” clay specimens from a slurry and consolidating them under zero lateral strain K0 conditions are presented. The chamber was used for strain controlled model pressurementer tests during which pore pressure was monitored. Duplicate ...


    By ASTM International

  • Ex Situ Biological Treatment for Groundwater, Surface Water, and Leachate

    The main advantage of ex situ treatment is that it generally requires shorter time periods, and there is more certainty about the uniformity of treatment because of the ability to monitor and continuously mix the groundwater. However, ex situ treatment requires pumping of groundwater, leading to increased costs and engineering for equipment, possible permitting, and material handling. ...

  • In Situ Biological Treatment for Ground Water, Surface Water, and Leachate

    The main advantage of in situ treatment is that it allows ground water to be treated without being brought to the surface, resulting in significant cost savings. In situ treatment, however, generally requires longer time periods, and there is less certainty about the uniformity of treatment because of the variability in aquifer characteristics and because the efficacy of the process is more ...

  • In situ chemical reduction (ISCR) of 1, 2 - DCA in groundwater confidential industrial site, Taiwan, ROC

    Adventus" ISCR technology employed, EHC®, a patented combination of hydrophilic, controlled-release solid carbon and zero valent iron (ZVI) and/or other reduced metal particles. EHC technology causes complete destruction of organic contaminants through two primary mechanisms: (i) chemical reduction and (ii) enhanced biological degradation. This unique combination stimulates ISCR of otherwise ...


  • Thermally Enhanced Soil Vapor Extraction

    Introduction Thermally enhanced SVE is a full-scale technology that uses electrical resistance/electromagnetic/fiber optic/radio frequency heating or hot-air/steam injection to increase the volatilization rate of semi-volatiles and facilitate extraction. Thermally enhanced SVE is normally a short- to medium-term technology. Electrical Resistance Heating Electrical resistance heating uses ...

  • Data Requirements for Soil, Sediment, and Sludge

    Site soil conditions frequently limit the selection of a treatment process. Process-limiting characteristics such as pH or moisture content may sometimes be adjusted. In other cases, a treatment technology may be eliminated based upon the soil classification (e.g., particle-size distribution) or other soil characteristics. Soils are inherently variable in their physical and chemical ...

  • CH#952 - Oil Contaminated Soil

    SITE OWNER: A National Overnight Express Package Company SITE SURVEY: Site and geological surveys revealed a contaminated area north of the facility and west of a diesel tank pit. The cause of the contamination was the result of two (2) underground storage tanks (UST™). One tank contained waste oil while the other contained new oil. Both tanks had ...


    By BIO-SYSTEMS International

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