infrastructure monitoring Articles

  • The ‘ins and outs’ of air quality monitoring

    The National Institute for Health and Care Excellence (NICE) recently issued draft guidance on ‘Air pollution - outdoor air quality and health.’ In the following article Jim Mills, Managing Director of Air Monitors Ltd, explains why there will need to be more funding for monitoring if the mitigation measures mentioned in the guidance are to be implemented effectively. Jim also ...


    By Air Monitors Ltd.

  • Construction and Civil Infrastructures Monitoring Systems

    Civil infrastructures are usually monitored through its whole life cycle. SHM (Structural Health Monitoring) technologies enable the estimation of the structural state and detection of structural change that affects the performance of a structure. Two discriminating factors in SHM are the time-scale of the change (how quickly the state changes) and the severity of the change. These factors ...

  • Closer Look at the Capacity of SLA Batteries and Solar Energy Systems

    Sealed lead acid (SLA) batteries have a reputation for being durable when used to support portable electronic devices. They require minimal maintenance and offer leak-proof capabilities. But when used with solar energy systems, the units present issues that can hinder the potential and performance of the machines. For example, general purpose SLA batteries should not be deep cycled, as ...


    By Larson Electronics LLC

  • Treatment and Disposal of Air Pollution Control Residue

    What is APCr? Thermal waste management using Energy Recovery Facilities (ERFs) is now a well-managed and mature technology that is subject to environmental monitoring by a range of competent international bodies. These ERFs have been established as a means of diverting waste away from landfill disposal and for valorising the material and energy content of the waste. Counter to historic ...

  • GPR: a new tool for structural health monitoring of infrastructure

    Abstract Recent developments in acquisition methodology, data acquisition systems, post-processing software, and the availability of user friendly high-frequency antennas have enabled the GPR user to generate accurate three dimensional images of the interior of concrete structures. Four case studies are discussed with emphasis on output that is readily understood by the ...


    By SewerVUE

  • Green infrastructure and territorial cohesion

    The point of departure for this analysis is to support the European process towards territorial cohesion and green infrastructure development, in particular the development of a strategy for green infrastructure. This report explores the concept of green infrastructure, with illustrative examples of green infrastructure initiatives on the ground and further analyses of the integration of green ...

  • Renewing Belgrade’s Water Infrastructure

    After the trauma of the 1990s, new foreign and national investments in Belgrade’s water infrastructure is enabling the city to benefit from the latest advances in water supply technology… Introduction Situated on the banks of the rivers Sava and Danube, the citizens of Belgrade, the capital city of Serbia and Montenegro in the Balkans, have long benefited from ready access to water. ...


    By Innovyze

  • On the vulnerability of critical infrastructures: "seeing it coming"

    The paper addresses a number of concerns that are manifest in the safety management of critical infrastructures (CI) including, and especially, the effects of an increasing complexity on the safety managers' ability to comprehend and monitor the stability, predictability, and manoeuvrability of the systems at hand; the perverse effect of computer ubiquity on the CI safety quality; and, entailing ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Public policy and the failure of national infrastructures

    On the 14 August 2003, a complex combination of immediate events and longer term vulnerabilities led to a domino effect in which 50 million people had their power supplies interrupted. Consequent losses were between $5–$10 billion. It is, therefore, one of the most serious disruptions to a national power distribution network. The causes included technical issues to do with network capacity ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • An infrastructure for developing self-organising services

    This paper describes a software package named 'licas' (lightweight internet-based communication for autonomic services) that can be used to build networks of service-based components that have the potential to behave autonomously and self-organise through stigmergic links. Discussed will be how these components are able to self-adapt inside of this infrastructure and also show potential for more ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Mozambique`s infrastructure : a continental perspective

    This study is a product of the Africa Infrastructure Country Diagnostic (AICD), a project designed to expand the world's knowledge of physical infrastructure in Africa. The AICD provides a baseline against which future improvements in infrastructure services can be measured, making it possible to monitor the results achieved from donor support. It also offers a solid empirical foundation for ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Smart Infrastructure is Key for QA/QC

    Paperless, or more accurately integrated, labs enjoy streamlined operations with better data, while minimizing costs, validation and maintenance. Laboratories responsible for QA/QC are a sum of many parts, but no part is more important than data. Data is THE product, and the integrity of that data is more than critical to today’s pharmaceutical laboratories. So what happens when processes ...


    By Poplar Solutions, LLC

  • Pipeline Zooming for a Comprehensive Infrastructure Survey.

    Time, budget and resources often keep a municipality from maintaining comprehensive, up-to-date information on water and sewer pipeline conditions. Without a complete understanding of their infrastructures, municipal supervisors cannot properly prioritize and schedule maintenance activities. As a result, emergencies—backups, collapses, and overflows—happen unexpectedly, and must be dealt with on ...


    By Envirosight LLC

  • Risks in business design for critical infrastructures: the 'DASHBOARD' concept

    A method is proposed to assess critical infrastructures vulnerabilities, in terms of derived indicators for system evolution and its future states. Different classes of distortions are further monitored for the purpose of estimating the relative frequency of a system failure by using the "Dashboard" concept.Keywords: vulnerability, resilience, system modelling, dashboard, decision ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • An Infrastructure Grows · Decentralized Treatment and Recycling Domestic Wastewater

    THE TERM, “decentralized waste-water management,” refers to the process of treating and discharging treated wastewater in the local vicinity where it is generated. Decentralized systems typically use the soil as the final receptor of the treated wastewater instead of discharging to surface waters, which are generally the receptors of treated wastewater from larger centralized treatment plants. ...


  • Safety and security of energy infrastructures in Europe: the EC–DG JRC's energy risks monitor project

    After mapping of current European Union (EU) regulations on the management of accidental risks related to natural hazards and different industrial activities, this paper discusses insights from past European Commission (EC) initiatives on harmonisation of assessment and management of safety risks. Next, for the specific case of the energy sector, the on-going development of a methodology and ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Unpacking the energy implications of distributed water infrastructure: how are rainwater systems performing?

    Drought and concern over climate change has led to the increased use of distributed water systems in Australia to supplement centralised supply systems. A literature review carried out by the Institute for Sustainable Futures (ISF) into the energy consumption of water infrastructure found that very little data on energy consumption exists, particularly for distributed systems. This paper reviews ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Quantitative Vulnerability Assessment of Critical Infrastructures: watching for hidden faults

    A method to diagnose the current vulnerability of a complex system featuring large numbers of components and indicators, as well as to dynamically monitor the time-evolvement of the vulnerability as the indicators change, is demonstrated. A consequent algorithm and its software implementation are introduced. Providing an index-based vulnerability metrics and a matrix to assess vulnerability ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • London Region Develops “Intelligent” Infrastructure for the HELP Clean Water Project

    For progressive municipalities, forward thinking about infrastructure can pay huge dividends down the road. In London region, the HELP Clean Water Funding Initiative (Huron-Elgin-London Project Clean Water) was started to create sustainable water supply for a major population hub in Ontario. The project has been 11 years in the making, with ...


    By Pure Technologies

  • RegenOx™ treats petroleum hydrocarbons surrounding sensitive underground infrastructure at a defence facility

    Former fueling operations at Scott Air Force Base resulted in soil contamination containing high levels of benzene, ethylbenzene, methyl tertiary-butyl ether (MTBE), and naphthalene. Underground storage tank removal and source area excavation were planned to treat the unsaturated soil. However, subsurface investigations revealed piping, fiber-optic communication lines and other utilities present ...


    By REGENESIS

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