inlet baffle Articles

  • Baffled primary facultative ponds with inlets and outlets set at different levels treating domestic wastewater in northeast Brazil

    This study evaluates the performance of four 2.3 m deep pilot-scale, independently loaded, primary facultative ponds treating predominantly domestic sewage in northeast Brazil. The ponds contained longitudinal baffles giving different length to width ratios from 3.55 to 32.4. The ponds had mean hydraulic retention times of ~15 days, and mean surface organic loadings of 330 kg BOD5.ha.d−1 during ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Case study - City of Montreal upgrade of Atwater and Des Baillets water treatment plants

    Sidestream Venturi Injection—Basin Nozzle Manifold Contacting System. Montreal, Quebec, Canada The Problem: In 2001, a water quality audit revealed that two of the largest drinking water plants in the City of Montreal were out of compliance with Quebec’s latest water quality rules. In response to the audit, the city upgraded the 1,400 MLD Atwater and the ...

  • Floating baffle system improves lagoon efficiency by 90%

    Industries and municipalities that deal with wastewater treatment are concerned with improving the efficiency of their wastewater treatment facilities. Lagoon efficiency, cost effective treatment, and low maintenance are important factors when purchasing treatment upgrades. Environetics, Inc. took these factors inlo consideration when they designed the Director floating baffle System. ...


    By Environetics, Inc.

  • Second law analysis of transient heat transfer for turbulent flow in a circular tube with baffle inserts

    This paper presents the results of an experimental investigation of transient forced convective heat transfer for turbulent flow of nine circular tubes with baffle plate inserts using different pitch to tube inlet diameter ratios and baffle orientation angles in the range of Reynolds number 3000≤Re≤20000 in the case of constant heat flux. The characteristic parameters of the tubes are: pitch to ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Towards optimal design parameters for around-the-end hydraulic flocculators

    Hydraulic flocculators are principally characterized by their volume (which determines the time of flocculation) and the water level difference between inlet and outlet (which determines the average energy dissipation).Within these constraints, however, the designer has many degrees of freedom, such as the average water depth, the number and spacing of baffles, the length of the gap at the baffle ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Towards optimal design parameters for around-the-end hydraulic flocculators

    ABSTRACTHydraulic flocculators are principally characterized by their volume (which determines the time of flocculation) and the water level difference between inlet and outlet (which determines the average energy dissipation).Within these constraints, however, the designer has many degrees of freedom, such as the average water depth, the number and spacing of baffles, the length of the gap at ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Development of a flocculation sub-model for a 3-D CFD model based on rectangular settling tanks

    To assess performance and evaluate alternatives to improve the efficiency of rectangular Gould II type final settling tanks (FSTs), New York City Department of Environmental Protection and City College of NY developed a 3D computer model depicting the actual structural configuration of the tanks and the current and proposed hydraulic and solids loading rates. Fluent 6.3.26™ was the base platform ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Assessomg the Performance of Secondary Settling Tank by Means of Flow Modeling

    ABSTRACTA model of the double-decker rectangular settling tanks proposed for the Wastewater Treatment Plant of Besòs in Barcelona, Spain was prepared using Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD). The modeling approach used was a three dimensional, multi-phase simulations with solids transport and removal included, and reflected the state of the art in clarifier modeling. Special attention was paid to ...

  • Application of a CFD Model to Improve the Performance of Rectangular Clarifiers

    There has been a long standing debate about the relative merits of circular and rectangular clarifiers. Both have been shown to be capable of excellent performance and both have experienced problems. The hydrodynamics of each configuration under similar hydraulic loading differ in fundamental aspects that determine what types of geometric modifications are likely to improve the clarifier ...

  • Tracer studies on an aerated lagoon

    The city of Palmerston North, New Zealand, has two aerated lagoons as its secondary treatment facility. Interest about treatment efficiency led to an investigation into the hydraulics in the second lagoon to determine if further optimisation was viable. A tracer study using rhodamine WT was undertaken to ascertain the stimulus response output. Samples were also taken at 24 points within the ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Protect your high pressure pump

    There are many opportunities to protect your high pressure pump. The best pump protection is selecting the right pump for the application. The next best pump protection is proper installation. And the easiest pump protection is regular maintenance. Pump Selection Selecting the correct high pressure pump for the application will offer the best pump protection. Trying to get a pump ...


    By Cat Pumps

  • Is Your Moving Bed Biofilm Reactor (Mbbr) Running On All Cylinders?

    Evaluation of a full-scale MBBR process for nitrification is reported. Performance of the MBBR was found to be highly dependent on the hydraulic characteristics of the basin which could be optimized with improved influent flow distribution at the basin inlet. Installing a baffle on the influent pipe or introducing influent at multiple points located laterally across the entire influent end of the ...


  • Losing system pressure - positive displacement pumps

    In a positive displacement pump, flow is directly related to RPM and pressure by the restriction of the flow in the discharge line. Once the system pressure is set, any change in flow will result in a change in pressure. These changes in flow can occur from certain conditions in the pump inlet line, the pump itself, the pump drive or in the pump discharge line. Pump Inlet The ...


    By Cat Pumps

  • Sequencing batch reactor

    Sequencing batch reactors (SBR) or sequential batch reactors are industrial processing tanks for the treatment of wastewater. SBR reactors treat waste water such as sewage or output from anaerobic digesters or mechanical biological treatment facilities in batches. Oxygen is bubbled through the waste water to reduce biochemical oxygen demand (BOD) and chemical oxygen demand (COD) to make suitable ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Sequencing batch reactor

    Sequencing batch reactors (SBR) sequential batch reactors are industrial processing tanks for the treatment of wastewater. SBR reactors treat waste water such as sewage or output from anaerobic digesters or mechanical biological treatment facilities in batches. Oxygen is bubbled through the waste water to reduce biochemical oxygen demand (BOD) and chemical oxygen demand (COD) to make suitable for ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Temporary treatment systems for large construction site in Stratford, East London

    Filter refurbishment program for 2000 site workers/staff Site Contractor: Natta Building Company Peak flow to treatment: 10.5l/s Designed consent standard: 20 mg/l BOD, 30 mg/l TSS & 10 mg/l NH4 Maximum incoming BOD: 380 mg/l Maximum incoming NH4: 50 mg/l Units supplied: 4 off 300pe GRP units 1 off 750pe steel unit 2 off HB50 Lamella settling tanks (primary and ...


    By WPL Ltd

  • Temporary treatment systems for large construction site in Stratford, East London case study

    Posted March 2009 by WPL Limited Filter refurbishment program for 2000 site workers/staff Site Contractor: Natta Building Company Peak flow to treatment: 10.5l/s Designed consent standard: 20 mg/l BOD, 30 mg/l TSS & 10 mg/l NH4 Maximum incoming BOD: 380 mg/l Maximum incoming NH4: 50 mg/l Units supplied: 4 off 300pe GRP ...


    By WPL Ltd

  • Chemical Industry: Silicon Tetrachloride Fume Problem Solved Ccase Study

    A two-stage Jet-Venturi scrubber/packed tower system solved a number of pollution problems for an Albany, Oregon, company. The Zirconium Extraction Div. of Teledyne Wah Chang produces highquality reactor-grade zirconium and hafnium ozide using a chemical separation process. The zirconium and the hafnium are chlorinated and then formed into pure metals for the nuclear and chemical process ...


    By CR Clean Air Group, LLC

  • Electronics Industry: Silicon Tetrachloride Fume Problem Solved Electronics industry Two-Stage Scrubber system Solves Fume Proble case study

    A two-stage Jet-Venturi scrubber/packed tower system solved a number of pollution problems for an Albany, Oregon, company. The Zirconium Extraction Div. of Teledyne Wah Chang produces high-quality reactor-grade zirconium and hafnium ozide using a chemical separation process. The zirconium and the hafnium are chlorinated and then formed into pure metals for the nuclear and chemical process ...


    By CR Clean Air Group, LLC

  • Combination of bespoke and standard ACO surface water drainage systems

    A series of unique, high performance channel drainage systems designed and manufactured by ACO Technic, the bespoke product development division of water management specialist ACO Technologies, has been installed across Heathrow's award winning Terminal Five. As well as helping to overcome some significant challenges posed by the site's design, the systems have played a key role in creating some ...


    By ACO Group

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