inline mixing Articles

  • Solvothermal synthesis and microstructure of TiO
    2
    nanowires on transparent conducting oxide substrate

    TiO2 nanowires were synthesised directly on FTO by solvothermal method. X–ray diffraction (XRD), field–emission scanning electron microscopy (FE–SEM) and high–resolution transmission electron microscopy (HRTEM) were used to characterise the TiO2 nanowires. The TiO2 nanowire formation was critically ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Photocatalytic oxidation of NO
    x
    gases using ZnO with superstructure by a low temperature soft solution process

    Single phase of crystalline ZnO with controllable morphologies, including spindle–like, sunflower–like, dandelion–like and disk–like structures samples, have been successfully synthesised via a simple and effective low–temperature approach in a mixed solution of zinc nitrate and hexamethylenetetramine, with and without 2–aminoethanol as an accelerant. The ZnO ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Enrichment of biogas production from mixture of rubber seed cake and cow dung using TiO
    2
    catalyst and temperature

    Biomethanisation process of rubber seed cake and cow dung were influenced by the effect of catalyst, temperature and acetic acid. TiO2 catalyst was used for the study. The maximum biogas yield was obtained from the substrate mixed with 2% TiO2 at 40°C with constant stirring but the yield obtained was very insignificant in the absence of ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • On sol-gel approach to geopolymerisation

    Geopolymers have attracted much attention since the 1980s. However, their geopolymerisation mechanisms are not well understood, partly due to the complexity of the formation of amorphous phases that are difficult to characterise. The objectives of this paper are to first provide a-state-of-the-art review, and then to focus on the sol-gel chemistry of aluminosilicate which is able to describe the ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Vermicomposting of flyash: a potential hazardous waste converted into nutritive compost by earthworm (Eudrilus eugeniae)

    Vermicomposting of fly-ash(FA) mixed with different proportions of Horse dung (HD) T1 – 100% HD alone, T2 – 10% FA + 90% HD, T3 – 20% FA + 80% HD, T4 – 30% FA + 70% HD, T ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Assessment of the hierarchical involvement of chemical characteristics of soil layer particles during bacterial retention in Central Africa

    The main purpose of this investigation was to rank, in hierarchical order, some soil chemical factors that impact the sorption parameters of fecal indicator bacteria and Salmonella sp, during their transfer from soil surface to the groundwater table. Sorption coefficients (Kf) and linearity exponents (Ϫ) were obtained using the Freundlich isotherm. When ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Solid waste management in Patna – analyses of ambient air and ground water pollution

    Municipal Solid Waste (MSW) in Patna is disposed of in an unscientific manner without considering environmental impacts. The wastes are dumped in the low-lying areas without compliance of the MSWM Rules, 2000. The dumped wastes are mixed with biomedical wastes making it hazardous. Ambient air quality and ground water were analysed at two dump sites to study the possible impacts of MSW. The ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Double potential step chronocoulometric studies to determine the role of thiocyanate in electroanalytical determination of gallium in Pu–Ga and U–Ga alloys

    Two rapid, selective and simple methods are developed for the determination of gallium in Pu–Ga and U–Ga alloys using Anodic Stripping Voltammetry (ASV) and Controlled Potential Coulometry (CPC). In continuation of this work, a detailed study is presented to determine the role of SCN− during the determination of gallium at Static Mercury Drop Electrode (SMDE) ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Second law analyses on oxy-fuel combustion of gaseous fuels

    The exergy losses in the adiabatic premixed oxy-fuel combustion are quantitatively analysed. The global exergy loss decreases with increasing equivalence ratio. The exergy loss of chemical reaction is comparable to that of internal thermal energy exchange for low equivalence ratio while that of mixing process is negligible. To keep similar thermodynamic characteristics of conventional combustion, ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Electrochemical biosensor for glucose detection using zinc oxide nanotetrapods

    Wurtzite structural zinc oxide (ZnO) nanotetrapods were synthesised by a thermal evaporation method. These ZnO nanotetrapods were used for the construction of an electrochemical biosensor for detecting glucose. In the biosensor, the ZnO nanotetrapods acted as supporting materials for glucose oxidase (GOx) enzyme loading because of the large surface area to ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • CO2 abatement opportunity in the UK through fuel–switching under the EU ETS (2005–2008): evidence from the E–Simulate model

    The creation of the EU ETS led to changes in the merit order of the different plants competing on the electricity grid, and in the fuel–switching opportunities in the UK. This country has the greatest potential for CO2 emissions reduction through fuel–switching within the EU, thanks to its suitable energy mix (39% of coal and 36% of natural gas in 2007). ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Ketchup manufacturer replaces stirred tanks with static mixer

    Over twenty years ago Hunt Wesson (ConAgra) installed the Komax static mixers in all of their plants in North America. The first Komax installation was in Hunt Wesson"s Southern California plant. One 4 inch diameter Komax Ketchup mixing system out produced fifteen 5000 lb stirred tanks that were used for their daily production. Two months after installation Komax added a short flanged tube ...


    By Komax Systems, Inc.

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