inorganic flocculant Articles

  • Evaluation of the flocculation and de-flocculation performance and mechanism of polymer flocculants

    Understanding the interaction mechanism between polymeric flocculants and solid particles in two oppositely charged solutions: bentonite and calcium fluoride, is of great practical and fundamental importance. In this work, inorganic flocculants based on aluminum(III) or iron(III); cationic, anionic and non-ionic organic flocculants were used. The solution pH, which highly influenced the ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Inorganic greywater matrix impact on photocatalytic oxidation: does flocculation of TiO2 nanoparticles impair process efficiency?

    This study was conducted in order to clarify whether photocatalyst flocculation – as observed in biologically pretreated greywater – contributes to photocatalytic oxidation (PCO) efficiency impairment. Aqueous solutions of tetraethyleneglycol dimethylether spiked with different inorganic salts in concentrations as found in biologically treated greywater were investigated with respect to TiO2 ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Properties and Behavior of Inorganics in Contaminated Soil

    Often, specific technologies may be ruled out, or the list of potential technologies may be immediately narrowed, on the basis of the presence or absence of one or more of the chemical groups. The relative amounts of each may tend to favor certain technologies. Metals may be found in the elemental form, but more often they are found as salts mixed in the soil. At the present time, treatment ...

  • Common Treatment Technologies for Inorganics in Ground Water, Surface Water, and Leachate

    It may be necessary to know other subsurface information to remediate inorganics in ground water, surface water, and leachate. Treatability studies are usually necessary to ensure that the contaminated ground water can be treated effectively at the design flow. A subsurface geologic characterization would be particularly important to characterize the effects of adsorption and other processes of ...

  • Performance of four polyelectrolytes as flocculation aids in the primary treatment of textile effluents

    Samples of textile effluents were subjected to physico-chemical treatment using alum, Polyaluminium Chloride (PAC), and different anionic and cationic acrylamide copolymers. Except for alum, all chemicals were tested individually. Combinations of alum and PAC with different anionic and cationic polyelectrolytes were also tested. Results indicated the anionic polyelectrolyte to be the best polymer ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Coagulation–flocculation for lignin removal from wastewater – a review

    Industrial discharge has tremendously increased inorganic pollutants in water bodies all over the world. Paper and pulp effluent is included in one of the most pollution generating discharges containing complex chemical compounds such as lignin. For clean and healthy water resources, the recovery of lignin from wastewater from the paper and pulp industry is of high importance. Available chemical ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Preparation of solid composite polyferric sulfate and its flocculation behavior for wastewater containing high concentration organic compounds

    A new kind of inorganic polymer flocculant, the solid composite polyferric sulfate (SPFS) was prepared using ferrous sulfate and Na-Bentonite. The obtained SPFS was characterized by FT-IR spectra, thermogravimetric analysis (TG), scanning electron microscope (SEM) and X-ray Diffraction (XRD). It showed that SPFS was a kind of composite inorganic polymer, which was the complex of PFS and Na-Bent, ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Water and Wastewater Treatment Chemicals: World Market Report

    Provides continually updated analyses and forecasts for 11 product categories including activated carbon, chelates corrosion inhibitors, defoamers, ion exchange resins, inorganic flocculants, organic flocculants, oxidizers and biocides, pH adjustors, and scale inhibitors in 80 ...


    By The McIlvaine Company

  • MBR Based treatment of tractor manufacturing wastewater

    Abstract Kubota corporation has recently built new tractor manufacturing plant in Jefferson Georgia. CWT and Kubota agreed to design, pilot test and build a system for full water reuse of up to 75% of produced wastewater. Wastewater is very complex and contains complexed heavy metals, fine suspended solids, emulsified oils, grease, strong degreasing agents, nutrients (nitrogen and ...

  • Monitoring and Treatment of Selected Nanoparticles

    With their increasing use, nanoparticles will become concentrated in urban effluents in the future. Both adequate monitoring methods and water treatment technologies will be necessary to assess and avoid consumer exposure. This paper reports results in these two challenging areas for both organic and inorganic nanoparticles. Treatment experiments indicate that lamellar settling is better adapted ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Evaluation of chitosan as a natural coagulant for drinking water treatment

    Chitosan, a natural biopolymer, was evaluated for its ability to be used as a coagulant to treat water for potable use both in isolation and in combination with other water treatment technologies, specifically ion-exchange and activated carbon. Chitosan was found to be very effective for particle removal at doses far below those required for equivalent turbidity removal by inorganic coagulants. ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Desalination of oil sands process-affected water and basal depressurization water in Fort McMurray, Alberta, Canada: application of electrodialysis

    The high content of inorganic species in water used to extract bitumen from the Alberta oil sands and in the groundwater below the oil sands is an increasing environmental concern. These water matrices require treatment before they can be reused or safely discharged. Desalination of the oil sands process-affected water (OSPW) and groundwater, or basal depressurization water (BDW), can be ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Sustainable wastewater treatment chemicals in a chicken processing plant

    Atana Ltd was invited to evaluate the potential for introducing an organic, sustainable wastewater treatment regime into a chicken processing plant. The flow was approximately 120m³ (over 18 hours per day). The plant killed around 126000 birds per day and the sludge volume produced from their effluent treatment plant (which encompassed dissolved air flotation) per annum was around 13000 ...


    By Atana Limited

  • Separating micropollutants from biowastes using anaerobic treatment facilities

    Recycling of municipal organic wastes from separate collection systems becomes more and more important in the Federal Republic of Germany. Experiences gathered during the last few years indicate that the recovery potential of waste and biosolids strongly depends on quality of the produced composts or their pollutant load. This means that only really low polluted composts will be competitive in ...


    By ORBIT e.V.

  • Use of the ferrates (FeIV–VI) in combination with hydrogen peroxide for rapid and effective remediation of water – laboratory and pilot study

    In recent years, particles of iron in higher oxidation states (FeIV–VI), commonly called ferrates, have been presented theoretically as very effective oxidants. They can potentially be used for elimination of a wide range of organic and inorganic contaminants. However, so far the majority of applications have been carried out only as laboratory tests using model samples in many cases. The ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Ultrasonic Waste and Sludge Treatment

    Biogas is generated from sources, such as municipal organic waste, sewage sludge, muck or manure. Ultrasonication improves the digestibility of such organic material leading to more biogas and less residual sludge. Biogas is a byproduct of the decomposition of organic matter by anaerobic or aerobic bacteria. It consists primarily of methane, carbon dioxide and hydrogen sulfide. This makes biogas ...

  • What is Wastewater?

    What is wastewater? Wastewater, the waste discharge that first comes to mind in any discussion of stream pollution, is the discharge of domestic wastewater, which contains a large amount of organic waste. Industry also contribute substantial amounts of organic waste, some of which comes from vegetable and fruit packing; dairy processing; meat packing; tanning; processing of poultry, ...

  • Using Nanofiltration in Beverage Production

    The following article is based on a paper presented in August, 1990 at the 21st Annual Meeting of the Fine Particle Society in San Diego. Soft drink manufacturers, not to mention manufacturers of other beverage products, have always had a keen interest in the water that goes into their products. After all, it is the water that typically makes up 80%-90% of the product. In the past the water has ...

  • Case Study: Heavy Industrial Laundry

    This facility washes heavily soiled towels from the ink printer and furniture polishing industries. The wastewater generated is very concentrated with metals and hydrocarbons making it difficult to treat in their DAF pretreatment system. The facility was using conventional chemistry with sulfuric acid, organic/inorganic coagulant, metal precipitant,flocculant, and Harborlite (filter press ...


    By Integrated Engineers Inc.

  • RO Pretreatment Hydrocarbon Engineering - Optimisations of Osmosis

    Desalination by reverse osmosis (RO) is a fast growing technology, which is gaining more and more market share in the field of desalination applications. RO plants are able to produce extremely pure water with minimal impurities, even if they are charged with highly contaminated feed water. Based on the fact that the RO membranes themselves are able to separate the smallest ions out of the raw ...


    By Kurita

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