installed geomembrane leak Articles

  • Enhanced Geomembrane CQA through proper application of geomembrane leak location surveys

    Abstract Historically, geomembrane construction quality assurance (CQA) has focused on destructive testing of welded seams to verify seam strength and integrity. Paradoxically, seams are not subject to significant stress and practically never fail in service, while holes and construction damage in the geomembrane are a much more widespread problem. The historical approach fails to evaluate ...

  • Locating Geomembrane Liner Leaks under Waste in a Landfill

    Abstract An Electrical Leak Imaging and Monitoring (ELIM SM) survey was used to locate leaks under 2.5 meters of stabilized waste in an active geomembrane-Iined landfill. The landfill is lined with two 2-mm thick HDPE geomembranes that are separated by a geonet drainage layer. The primary liner is covered with 600 mm of drainage sand and 2.5 meters of stabilized waste for a total cover ...

  • Costs and Benefits of Geomembrane Liner Installation CQA

    ABSTRACT Because the cost of third-party construction quality assurance (CQA) of geomembrane liner installations is typically comparable to the cost of the geomembrane liner, CQA must be optimized to obtain the most benefit for the owner, rate payers, and environment. A regulation-based CQA protocol usually includes testing the material, observing the quality control (QC) program of the ...

  • Experience with GCLs used as a conductive layer in geomembrane leak-location surveys

    Engineers, installers, regulators, and owners are starting to rely on geomembrane leak-location surveys as part of the construction quality assurance for landfills. The various methods are described in ASTM Standard D 6747.' Standard procedures for conducting leak-location surveys of geomembranes covered with earth materials are described in ASTM Standard D 7007.2 Figure 1 shows the ...

  • Performance-Based Specification Of Electrical Leak Location Surveys For Geomembrane Liners

    ABSTRACT Electrical leak location surveys can be a crucial part of the final quality control of geomembrane liner installations. The method has been offered as a commercial service since 1985 and is the only practical test method that can find holes in the liner after protective soil cover is put on the liner. During the past fourteen years the test method has been used on a wide variety of ...

  • Detection and Location of Leaks in Geomembrane Liners Using an Electrical Method: Case Histories

    ABSTRACT A field-proven electrical technique, developed at Southwest Research Institute, San Antonio, Texas, is commercially available to detect and locate leaks in geomembrane liners. The electrical technique is used to inspect 100% of the geomembrane material that is covered by a conducting liquid. A voltage applied across the liner produces a uniform electrical potential distribution in ...

  • Locating Leaks in Geomembrane Liners of Landfills Covered With a Protective Soil

    ABSTRACT The electrical leak location method was used to locate leaks in the geomembrane liners of single-lined and double-lined landfills covered with a protective soil cover. The landfills ranged in size from 0.40 hectare (one-acre) to 3.2 hectares (eight-acre). Water in the leak detection system under the primary liner indicated the primary liners were leaking. The principal of ...

  • Specifying allowable leakage rates

    Introduction Allowable Leakage Rates or Action Leakage Rates (ALRs) are specified for installed geomembranes to quantify the maximum allowable liquid leakage. If the ALR is exceeded, corrective action must be taken to reduce the leakage rate below the set limit. To lower the leakage, the holes in the geomembrane are located and repaired. In some cases, the ALR is set so low that, ...

  • Cutting holes for testing vs. testing for holes

    When it comes to geomembrane quality assurance, are destructive testing practices as effective as basic leak detection technologies? The function of a geomembrane liner is to prevent liquid flow to the environment. CQA measures should be judged on how effective they are in meeting this requirement. This article critically examines the industry’s current means of providing confidence ...

  • Landfill Liners Vary by Application

    It was in 1991 that the Environmental Protection Agency promulgated its Criteria for Municipal Waste Landfills that set location restrictions, design and operating standards, groundwater monitoring requirements, corrective actions, closure requirements, and more for landfills. It was these rules that mandated that landfills be lined on the sides and bottom before waste is deposited and capped on ...


    By Agru America, Inc.

  • First use of a GCL in a copper heap leach pad

    PROJECT: Carlota Copper Mine Heap Leach Pad LOCATION: Globe Miami, AZ PRODUCTS: BENTOMAT® DN BACKGROUND: The Carlota Copper mine is an open-pit copper mine located approximately six miles west of Miami, Arizona. The site produces LME grade copper cathode through the process of heap leaching, in which a chemical solution ...


    By CETCO

  • Interest Growing in Mining Applications for Geosynthetics

    Some 40 percent of the geosynthetics manufactured today are used by the mining industry, according to one estimate, and there are predictions that figure will increase as the industry continues to adopt mining technologies that help improve efficiency and protect the environment. Jack Caldwell, an engineer at Robertson GeoConsultants, has gone as far as to say, “We believe that ...


    By Agru America, Inc.

  • Environmental Information Systems for Tailings Management

    Introduction An EU Directive is forcing waste disposal sites, such as refuse tips and landfills, to upgrade their anti-leaching precautions. This is especially the case in Sweden. Here, in its home market, Trelleborg is able to provide these sites with an environmentally friendly, seam-weldable rubber membrane to meet the stringent new requirements. An EU Directive came is now in force ...


  • What makes an effective odor control cover system design?

    Background A common side effect of wastewater treatment processes is the unpleasant odor that can linger near the plant, annoying neighbors, who then complain. Often, the wastewater treatment plant was built many years ago in an isolated part of town.  Over the years, the town’s population grew until subdivisions were developed next to the treatment plant.   ...

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